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Date:	Thu, 11 Dec 2008 23:38:56 +0100
From:	Eric Dumazet <dada1@...mosbay.com>
To:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
CC:	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...e.hu>, Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
	David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...k.pl>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	"kernel-testers@...r.kernel.org >> Kernel Testers List" 
	<kernel-testers@...r.kernel.org>, Mike Galbraith <efault@....de>,
	Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@...llo.nl>,
	Linux Netdev List <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	Christoph Lameter <cl@...ux-foundation.org>,
	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, Al Viro <viro@...IV.linux.org.uk>,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH v3 1/7] fs: Use a percpu_counter to track nr_dentry

Adding a percpu_counter nr_dentry avoids cache line ping pongs
between cpus to maintain this metric, and dcache_lock is
no more needed to protect dentry_stat.nr_dentry

We centralize nr_dentry updates at the right place :
- increments in d_alloc()
- decrements in d_free()

d_alloc() can avoid taking dcache_lock if parent is NULL

("socketallocbench -n8" result : 27.5s to 25s)

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <dada1@...mosbay.com>
---
 fs/dcache.c        |   49 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 include/linux/fs.h |    2 +
 kernel/sysctl.c    |    2 -
 3 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index fa1ba03..f463a81 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -61,12 +61,31 @@ static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly;
 static unsigned int d_hash_mask __read_mostly;
 static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly;
 static struct hlist_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly;
+static struct percpu_counter nr_dentry;
 
 /* Statistics gathering. */
 struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = {
 	.age_limit = 45,
 };
 
+/*
+ * Handle nr_dentry sysctl
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS)
+int proc_nr_dentry(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+		   void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	dentry_stat.nr_dentry = percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_dentry);
+	return proc_dointvec(table, write, filp, buffer, lenp, ppos);
+}
+#else
+int proc_nr_dentry(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+		   void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	return -ENOSYS;
+}
+#endif
+
 static void __d_free(struct dentry *dentry)
 {
 	WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dentry->d_alias));
@@ -82,8 +101,7 @@ static void d_callback(struct rcu_head *head)
 }
 
 /*
- * no dcache_lock, please.  The caller must decrement dentry_stat.nr_dentry
- * inside dcache_lock.
+ * no dcache_lock, please.
  */
 static void d_free(struct dentry *dentry)
 {
@@ -94,6 +112,7 @@ static void d_free(struct dentry *dentry)
 		__d_free(dentry);
 	else
 		call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, d_callback);
+	percpu_counter_dec(&nr_dentry);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -172,7 +191,6 @@ static struct dentry *d_kill(struct dentry *dentry)
 	struct dentry *parent;
 
 	list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
-	dentry_stat.nr_dentry--;	/* For d_free, below */
 	/*drops the locks, at that point nobody can reach this dentry */
 	dentry_iput(dentry);
 	if (IS_ROOT(dentry))
@@ -619,7 +637,6 @@ void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block * sb)
 static void shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(struct dentry *dentry)
 {
 	struct dentry *parent;
-	unsigned detached = 0;
 
 	BUG_ON(!IS_ROOT(dentry));
 
@@ -678,7 +695,6 @@ static void shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(struct dentry *dentry)
 			}
 
 			list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
-			detached++;
 
 			inode = dentry->d_inode;
 			if (inode) {
@@ -696,7 +712,7 @@ static void shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(struct dentry *dentry)
 			 * otherwise we ascend to the parent and move to the
 			 * next sibling if there is one */
 			if (!parent)
-				goto out;
+				return;
 
 			dentry = parent;
 
@@ -705,11 +721,6 @@ static void shrink_dcache_for_umount_subtree(struct dentry *dentry)
 		dentry = list_entry(dentry->d_subdirs.next,
 				    struct dentry, d_u.d_child);
 	}
-out:
-	/* several dentries were freed, need to correct nr_dentry */
-	spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
-	dentry_stat.nr_dentry -= detached;
-	spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -943,8 +954,6 @@ struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name)
 	dentry->d_flags = DCACHE_UNHASHED;
 	spin_lock_init(&dentry->d_lock);
 	dentry->d_inode = NULL;
-	dentry->d_parent = NULL;
-	dentry->d_sb = NULL;
 	dentry->d_op = NULL;
 	dentry->d_fsdata = NULL;
 	dentry->d_mounted = 0;
@@ -959,16 +968,15 @@ struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name)
 	if (parent) {
 		dentry->d_parent = dget(parent);
 		dentry->d_sb = parent->d_sb;
+		spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+		list_add(&dentry->d_u.d_child, &parent->d_subdirs);
+		spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
 	} else {
+		dentry->d_parent = NULL;
+		dentry->d_sb = NULL;
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
 	}
-
-	spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
-	if (parent)
-		list_add(&dentry->d_u.d_child, &parent->d_subdirs);
-	dentry_stat.nr_dentry++;
-	spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
-
+	percpu_counter_inc(&nr_dentry);
 	return dentry;
 }
 
@@ -2282,6 +2290,7 @@ static void __init dcache_init(void)
 {
 	int loop;
 
+	percpu_counter_init(&nr_dentry, 0);
 	/* 
 	 * A constructor could be added for stable state like the lists,
 	 * but it is probably not worth it because of the cache nature
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 4a853ef..114cb65 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -2217,6 +2217,8 @@ static inline void free_secdata(void *secdata)
 struct ctl_table;
 int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
 		  void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos);
+int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+		   void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos);
 
 int get_filesystem_list(char * buf);
 
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 3d56fe7..777bee7 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -1246,7 +1246,7 @@ static struct ctl_table fs_table[] = {
 		.data		= &dentry_stat,
 		.maxlen		= 6*sizeof(int),
 		.mode		= 0444,
-		.proc_handler	= &proc_dointvec,
+		.proc_handler	= &proc_nr_dentry,
 	},
 	{
 		.ctl_name	= FS_OVERFLOWUID,
--
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