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Date:	Fri, 26 Dec 2008 14:56:13 +0300
From:	Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@...emap.net>
To:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, dst@...emap.net,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org, Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@...emap.net>
Subject: [4/7] dst: thread pool.

Kernel currently does not allow to queue work into some entity which
will perform it in the process context and have simple way to extend
number of worker and work with them not as separate objects, but with
pool as a whole. So thread pool model was implemented in the DST.

Thread pool abstraction allows to schedule a work to be performed
on behalf of kernel thread. One does not operate with threads itself,
instead user provides setup and cleanup callbacks for thread pool itself,
and action and cleanup callbacks for each submitted work.

Each worker has private data initialized at creation time and data,
provided by user at scheduling time.

When action is being performed, thread can not be used by other users,
instead they will sleep until there is free thread to pick their work.

Thread pool is used for crypto processing of incoming and outgoing IO
requests to reduce the overall overhead.

Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@...emap.net>

diff --git a/drivers/block/dst/thread_pool.c b/drivers/block/dst/thread_pool.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c35754d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/dst/thread_pool.c
@@ -0,0 +1,345 @@
+/*
+ * 2007+ Copyright (c) Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@...emap.net>
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/dst.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+/*
+ * Thread pool abstraction allows to schedule a work to be performed
+ * on behalf of kernel thread. One does not operate with threads itself,
+ * instead user provides setup and cleanup callbacks for thread pool itself,
+ * and action and cleanup callbacks for each submitted work.
+ *
+ * Each worker has private data initialized at creation time and data,
+ * provided by user at scheduling time.
+ *
+ * When action is being performed, thread can not be used by other users,
+ * instead they will sleep until there is free thread to pick their work.
+ */
+struct thread_pool_worker
+{
+	struct list_head	worker_entry;
+
+	struct task_struct	*thread;
+
+	struct thread_pool	*pool;
+
+	int			error;
+	int			has_data;
+	int			need_exit;
+	unsigned int		id;
+
+	wait_queue_head_t	wait;
+
+	void			*private;
+	void			*schedule_data;
+
+	int			(* action)(void *private, void *schedule_data);
+	void			(* cleanup)(void *private);
+};
+
+static void thread_pool_exit_worker(struct thread_pool_worker *w)
+{
+	kthread_stop(w->thread);
+
+	w->cleanup(w->private);
+	kfree(w);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called to mark thread as ready and allow users to schedule new work.
+ */
+static void thread_pool_worker_make_ready(struct thread_pool_worker *w)
+{
+	struct thread_pool *p = w->pool;
+
+	mutex_lock(&p->thread_lock);
+
+	if (!w->need_exit) {
+		list_move_tail(&w->worker_entry, &p->ready_list);
+		w->has_data = 0;
+		mutex_unlock(&p->thread_lock);
+
+		wake_up(&p->wait);
+	} else {
+		p->thread_num--;
+		list_del(&w->worker_entry);
+		mutex_unlock(&p->thread_lock);
+
+		thread_pool_exit_worker(w);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Thread action loop: waits until there is new work.
+ */
+static int thread_pool_worker_func(void *data)
+{
+	struct thread_pool_worker *w = data;
+
+	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
+		wait_event_interruptible(w->wait,
+			kthread_should_stop() || w->has_data);
+
+		if (kthread_should_stop())
+			break;
+
+		if (!w->has_data)
+			continue;
+
+		w->action(w->private, w->schedule_data);
+		thread_pool_worker_make_ready(w);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove single worker without specifying which one.
+ */
+void thread_pool_del_worker(struct thread_pool *p)
+{
+	struct thread_pool_worker *w = NULL;
+
+	while (!w) {
+		wait_event(p->wait, !list_empty(&p->ready_list) || !p->thread_num);
+
+		dprintk("%s: locking list_empty: %d, thread_num: %d.\n",
+				__func__, list_empty(&p->ready_list), p->thread_num);
+
+		mutex_lock(&p->thread_lock);
+		if (!list_empty(&p->ready_list)) {
+			w = list_first_entry(&p->ready_list,
+					struct thread_pool_worker,
+					worker_entry);
+
+			dprintk("%s: deleting w: %p, thread_num: %d, list: %p [%p.%p].\n",
+					__func__, w, p->thread_num, &p->ready_list,
+					p->ready_list.prev, p->ready_list.next);
+
+			p->thread_num--;
+			list_del(&w->worker_entry);
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&p->thread_lock);
+	}
+
+	if (w)
+		thread_pool_exit_worker(w);
+	dprintk("%s: deleted w: %p, thread_num: %d.\n",
+			__func__, w, p->thread_num);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove a worker with given ID.
+ */
+void thread_pool_del_worker_id(struct thread_pool *p, unsigned int id)
+{
+	struct thread_pool_worker *w;
+	int found = 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&p->thread_lock);
+	list_for_each_entry(w, &p->ready_list, worker_entry) {
+		if (w->id == id) {
+			found = 1;
+			p->thread_num--;
+			list_del(&w->worker_entry);
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!found) {
+		list_for_each_entry(w, &p->active_list, worker_entry) {
+			if (w->id == id) {
+				w->need_exit = 1;
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&p->thread_lock);
+
+	if (found)
+		thread_pool_exit_worker(w);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add new worker thread with given parameters.
+ * If initialization callback fails, return error.
+ */
+int thread_pool_add_worker(struct thread_pool *p,
+		char *name,
+		unsigned int id,
+		void *(* init)(void *private),
+		void (* cleanup)(void *private),
+		void *private)
+{
+	struct thread_pool_worker *w;
+	int err = -ENOMEM;
+
+	w = kzalloc(sizeof(struct thread_pool_worker), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!w)
+		goto err_out_exit;
+
+	w->pool = p;
+	init_waitqueue_head(&w->wait);
+	w->cleanup = cleanup;
+	w->id = id;
+
+	w->thread = kthread_run(thread_pool_worker_func, w, "%s", name);
+	if (IS_ERR(w->thread)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(w->thread);
+		goto err_out_free;
+	}
+
+	w->private = init(private);
+	if (IS_ERR(w->private)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(w->private);
+		goto err_out_stop_thread;
+	}
+
+	mutex_lock(&p->thread_lock);
+	list_add_tail(&w->worker_entry, &p->ready_list);
+	p->thread_num++;
+	mutex_unlock(&p->thread_lock);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_out_stop_thread:
+	kthread_stop(w->thread);
+err_out_free:
+	kfree(w);
+err_out_exit:
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Destroy the whole pool.
+ */
+void thread_pool_destroy(struct thread_pool *p)
+{
+	while (p->thread_num) {
+		dprintk("%s: num: %d.\n", __func__, p->thread_num);
+		thread_pool_del_worker(p);
+	}
+
+	kfree(p);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create a pool with given number of threads.
+ * They will have sequential IDs started from zero.
+ */
+struct thread_pool *thread_pool_create(int num, char *name,
+		void *(* init)(void *private),
+		void (* cleanup)(void *private),
+		void *private)
+{
+	struct thread_pool_worker *w, *tmp;
+	struct thread_pool *p;
+	int err = -ENOMEM;
+	int i;
+
+	p = kzalloc(sizeof(struct thread_pool), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!p)
+		goto err_out_exit;
+
+	init_waitqueue_head(&p->wait);
+	mutex_init(&p->thread_lock);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->ready_list);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->active_list);
+	p->thread_num = 0;
+
+	for (i=0; i<num; ++i) {
+		err = thread_pool_add_worker(p, name, i, init,
+				cleanup, private);
+		if (err)
+			goto err_out_free_all;
+	}
+
+	return p;
+
+err_out_free_all:
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(w, tmp, &p->ready_list, worker_entry) {
+		list_del(&w->worker_entry);
+		thread_pool_exit_worker(w);
+	}
+	kfree(p);
+err_out_exit:
+	return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Schedule execution of the action on a given thread,
+ * provided ID pointer has to match previously stored
+ * private data.
+ */
+int thread_pool_schedule_private(struct thread_pool *p,
+		int (* setup)(void *private, void *data),
+		int (* action)(void *private, void *data),
+		void *data, long timeout, void *id)
+{
+	struct thread_pool_worker *w, *tmp, *worker = NULL;
+	int err = 0;
+
+	while (!worker && !err) {
+		timeout = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(p->wait,
+				!list_empty(&p->ready_list),
+				timeout);
+
+		if (!timeout) {
+			err = -ETIMEDOUT;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		worker = NULL;
+		mutex_lock(&p->thread_lock);
+		list_for_each_entry_safe(w, tmp, &p->ready_list, worker_entry) {
+			if (id && id != w->private)
+				continue;
+
+			worker = w;
+
+			list_move_tail(&w->worker_entry, &p->active_list);
+
+			err = setup(w->private, data);
+			if (!err) {
+				w->schedule_data = data;
+				w->action = action;
+				w->has_data = 1;
+				wake_up(&w->wait);
+			} else {
+				list_move_tail(&w->worker_entry, &p->ready_list);
+			}
+
+			break;
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&p->thread_lock);
+	}
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Schedule execution on arbitrary thread from the pool.
+ */
+int thread_pool_schedule(struct thread_pool *p,
+		int (* setup)(void *private, void *data),
+		int (* action)(void *private, void *data),
+		void *data, long timeout)
+{
+	return thread_pool_schedule_private(p, setup,
+			action, data, timeout, NULL);
+}
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