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Date:	Mon, 14 Sep 2009 10:22:30 +0200
From:	Sebastian Haas <haas@...-wuensche.com>
To:	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	greg@...ah.com, wg@...ndegger.com, oliver@...tkopp.net,
	socketcan-core@...ts.berlios.de, linux-usb@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] ems_usb: Added support for EMS CPC-USB/ARM7 CAN/USB
	interface

This patch adds support for one channel CAN/USB interace CPC-USB/ARM7 from
EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche (http://www.ems-wuensche.com).

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Haas <haas@...-wuensche.com>
---

 drivers/net/can/Kconfig       |    7 
 drivers/net/can/Makefile      |    2 
 drivers/net/can/usb/Makefile  |    5 
 drivers/net/can/usb/ems_usb.c | 1150 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 1164 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/net/can/usb/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/net/can/usb/ems_usb.c

diff --git a/drivers/net/can/Kconfig b/drivers/net/can/Kconfig
index 0900743..6ac5aa5 100644
--- a/drivers/net/can/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/net/can/Kconfig
@@ -75,6 +75,13 @@ config CAN_EMS_PCI
 	  CPC-PCIe and CPC-104P cards from EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche
 	  (http://www.ems-wuensche.de).
 
+config CAN_EMS_USB
+	tristate "EMS CPC-USB/ARM7 CAN/USB interface"
+	depends on USB && CAN_DEV
+	---help---
+	  This driver is for the one channel CPC-USB/ARM7 CAN/USB interface
+	  from from EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche (http://www.ems-wuensche.de).
+
 config CAN_KVASER_PCI
 	tristate "Kvaser PCIcanx and Kvaser PCIcan PCI Cards"
 	depends on PCI && CAN_SJA1000
diff --git a/drivers/net/can/Makefile b/drivers/net/can/Makefile
index 523a941..9b035ec 100644
--- a/drivers/net/can/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/net/can/Makefile
@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CAN_VCAN)		+= vcan.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CAN_DEV)		+= can-dev.o
 can-dev-y			:= dev.o
 
+obj-y				+= usb/
+
 obj-$(CONFIG_CAN_SJA1000)	+= sja1000/
 
 ccflags-$(CONFIG_CAN_DEBUG_DEVICES) := -DDEBUG
diff --git a/drivers/net/can/usb/Makefile b/drivers/net/can/usb/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c3f75ba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/can/usb/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+#
+#  Makefile for the Linux Controller Area Network USB drivers.
+#
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_CAN_EMS_USB) += ems_usb.o
diff --git a/drivers/net/can/usb/ems_usb.c b/drivers/net/can/usb/ems_usb.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bf9857c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/can/usb/ems_usb.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1150 @@
+/*
+ * CAN driver for EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche CPC-USB/ARM7
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004-2009 EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ */
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/netdevice.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+
+#include <linux/can.h>
+#include <linux/can/dev.h>
+#include <linux/can/error.h>
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Sebastian Haas <haas@...-wuensche.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("CAN driver for EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche CAN/USB interfaces");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+
+/* Control-Values for CPC_Control() Command Subject Selection */
+#define CONTR_CAN_MESSAGE 0x04
+#define CONTR_CAN_STATE   0x0C
+#define CONTR_BUS_ERROR   0x1C
+
+/* Control Command Actions */
+#define CONTR_CONT_OFF 0
+#define CONTR_CONT_ON  1
+#define CONTR_ONCE     2
+
+/* Messages from CPC to PC */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_FRAME       1  /* CAN data frame */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_RTR_FRAME       8  /* CAN remote frame */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_PARAMS      12 /* Actual CAN parameters */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_STATE       14 /* CAN state message */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_CAN_FRAME   16 /* Extended CAN data frame */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME   17 /* Extended remote frame */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_CONTROL         19 /* change interface behavior */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_CONFIRM         20 /* command processed confirmation */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_OVERRUN         21 /* overrun events */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_FRAME_ERROR 23 /* detected bus errors */
+#define CPC_MSG_TYPE_ERR_COUNTER     25 /* RX/TX error counter */
+
+/* Messages from the PC to the CPC interface  */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CAN_FRAME     1   /* CAN data frame */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CONTROL       3   /* control of interface behavior */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CAN_PARAMS    6   /* set CAN parameters */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_RTR_FRAME     13  /* CAN remote frame */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CAN_STATE     14  /* CAN state message */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_EXT_CAN_FRAME 15  /* Extended CAN data frame */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME 16  /* Extended CAN remote frame */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CAN_EXIT      200 /* exit the CAN */
+
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_INQ_ERR_COUNTER 25 /* request the CAN error counters */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CLEAR_MSG_QUEUE 8  /* clear CPC_MSG queue */
+#define CPC_CMD_TYPE_CLEAR_CMD_QUEUE 28 /* clear CPC_CMD queue */
+
+#define CPC_CC_TYPE_SJA1000 2 /* Philips basic CAN controller */
+
+#define CPC_CAN_ECODE_ERRFRAME 0x01 /* Ecode type */
+
+/* Overrun types */
+#define CPC_OVR_EVENT_CAN       0x01
+#define CPC_OVR_EVENT_CANSTATE  0x02
+#define CPC_OVR_EVENT_BUSERROR  0x04
+
+/*
+ * If the CAN controller lost a message we indicate it with the highest bit
+ * set in the count field.
+ */
+#define CPC_OVR_HW 0x80
+
+/* Size of the "struct ems_cpc_msg" without the union */
+#define CPC_MSG_HEADER_LEN   11
+#define CPC_CAN_MSG_MIN_SIZE 5
+
+/* Define these values to match your devices */
+#define USB_CPCUSB_VENDOR_ID 0x12D6
+
+#define USB_CPCUSB_ARM7_PRODUCT_ID 0x0444
+
+/* Mode register NXP LPC2119/SJA1000 CAN Controller */
+#define SJA1000_MOD_NORMAL 0x00
+#define SJA1000_MOD_RM     0x01
+
+/* ECC register NXP LPC2119/SJA1000 CAN Controller */
+#define SJA1000_ECC_SEG   0x1F
+#define SJA1000_ECC_DIR   0x20
+#define SJA1000_ECC_ERR   0x06
+#define SJA1000_ECC_BIT   0x00
+#define SJA1000_ECC_FORM  0x40
+#define SJA1000_ECC_STUFF 0x80
+#define SJA1000_ECC_MASK  0xc0
+
+/* Status register content */
+#define SJA1000_SR_BS 0x80
+#define SJA1000_SR_ES 0x40
+
+#define SJA1000_DEFAULT_OUTPUT_CONTROL 0xDA
+
+#define EMS_USB_ARM7_CLOCK 8000000
+
+/*
+ * CAN-Message representation in a CPC_MSG. Message object type is
+ * CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_FRAME or CPC_MSG_TYPE_RTR_FRAME or
+ * CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_CAN_FRAME or CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME.
+ */
+struct cpc_can_msg {
+	u32 id;
+	u8 length;
+	u8 msg[8];
+};
+
+/* Representation of the CAN parameters for the SJA1000 controller */
+struct cpc_sja1000_params {
+	u8 mode;
+	u8 acc_code0;
+	u8 acc_code1;
+	u8 acc_code2;
+	u8 acc_code3;
+	u8 acc_mask0;
+	u8 acc_mask1;
+	u8 acc_mask2;
+	u8 acc_mask3;
+	u8 btr0;
+	u8 btr1;
+	u8 outp_contr;
+};
+
+/* CAN params message representation */
+struct cpc_can_params {
+	u8 cc_type;
+
+	/* Will support M16C CAN controller in the future */
+	union {
+		struct cpc_sja1000_params sja1000;
+	} cc_params;
+};
+
+/* Structure for confirmed message handling */
+struct cpc_confirm {
+	u8 error; /* error code */
+};
+
+/* Structure for overrun conditions */
+struct cpc_overrun {
+	u8 event;
+	u8 count;
+};
+
+/* SJA1000 CAN errors (compatible to NXP LPC2119) */
+struct cpc_sja1000_can_error {
+	u8 ecc;
+	u8 rxerr;
+	u8 txerr;
+};
+
+/* structure for CAN error conditions */
+struct cpc_can_error {
+	u8 ecode;
+
+	struct {
+		u8 cc_type;
+
+		/* Other controllers may also provide error code capture regs */
+		union {
+			struct cpc_sja1000_can_error sja1000;
+		} regs;
+	} cc;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Structure containing RX/TX error counter. This structure is used to request
+ * the values of the CAN controllers TX and RX error counter.
+ */
+struct cpc_can_err_counter {
+	u8 rx;
+	u8 tx;
+};
+
+/* Main message type used between library and application */
+struct __attribute__ ((packed)) ems_cpc_msg {
+	u8 type;	/* type of message */
+	u8 length;	/* length of data within union 'msg' */
+	u8 msgid;	/* confirmation handle */
+	u32 ts_sec;	/* timestamp in seconds */
+	u32 ts_nsec;	/* timestamp in nano seconds */
+
+	union {
+		u8 generic[64];
+		struct cpc_can_msg can_msg;
+		struct cpc_can_params can_params;
+		struct cpc_confirm confirmation;
+		struct cpc_overrun overrun;
+		struct cpc_can_error error;
+		struct cpc_can_err_counter err_counter;
+		u8 can_state;
+	} msg;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Table of devices that work with this driver
+ * NOTE: This driver supports only CPC-USB/ARM7 (LPC2119) yet.
+ */
+static struct usb_device_id ems_usb_table[] = {
+	{USB_DEVICE(USB_CPCUSB_VENDOR_ID, USB_CPCUSB_ARM7_PRODUCT_ID)},
+	{} /* Terminating entry */
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, ems_usb_table);
+
+#define RX_BUFFER_SIZE      64
+#define CPC_HEADER_SIZE     4
+#define INTR_IN_BUFFER_SIZE 4
+
+#define MAX_RX_URBS 10
+#define MAX_TX_URBS CAN_ECHO_SKB_MAX
+
+struct ems_usb;
+
+struct ems_tx_urb_context {
+	struct ems_usb *dev;
+
+	u32 echo_index;
+	u8 dlc;
+};
+
+struct ems_usb {
+	struct can_priv can; /* must be the first member */
+	int open_time;
+
+	struct sk_buff *echo_skb[MAX_TX_URBS];
+
+	struct usb_device *udev;
+	struct net_device *netdev;
+
+	atomic_t active_tx_urbs;
+	struct usb_anchor tx_submitted;
+	struct ems_tx_urb_context tx_contexts[MAX_TX_URBS];
+
+	struct usb_anchor rx_submitted;
+
+	struct urb *intr_urb;
+
+	u8 *tx_msg_buffer;
+
+	u8 *intr_in_buffer;
+	unsigned int free_slots; /* remember number of available slots */
+
+	struct ems_cpc_msg active_params; /* active controller parameters */
+};
+
+static void ems_usb_read_interrupt_callback(struct urb *urb)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = urb->context;
+	struct net_device *netdev;
+	int err;
+
+	netdev = dev->netdev;
+
+	if (!netif_device_present(netdev))
+		return;
+
+	switch (urb->status) {
+	case 0:
+		dev->free_slots = dev->intr_in_buffer[1];
+		break;
+
+	case -ECONNRESET: /* unlink */
+	case -ENOENT:
+	case -ESHUTDOWN:
+		return;
+
+	default:
+		dev_info(netdev->dev.parent, "Rx interrupt aborted %d\n",
+			 urb->status);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+
+	if (err == -ENODEV)
+		netif_device_detach(netdev);
+	else if (err)
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent,
+			"failed resubmitting intr urb: %d\n", err);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+static void ems_usb_rx_can_msg(struct ems_usb *dev, struct ems_cpc_msg *msg)
+{
+	struct can_frame *cf;
+	struct sk_buff *skb;
+	int i;
+	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->netdev->stats;
+
+	skb = dev_alloc_skb(sizeof(struct can_frame));
+	if (skb == NULL)
+		return;
+
+	skb->dev = dev->netdev;
+	skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_CAN);
+
+	cf = (struct can_frame *)skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct can_frame));
+
+	cf->can_id = msg->msg.can_msg.id;
+	cf->can_dlc = min_t(u8, msg->msg.can_msg.length, 8);
+
+	if (msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_CAN_FRAME
+	    || msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME)
+		cf->can_id |= CAN_EFF_FLAG;
+
+	if (msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_RTR_FRAME
+	    || msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME) {
+		cf->can_id |= CAN_RTR_FLAG;
+	} else {
+		for (i = 0; i < cf->can_dlc; i++)
+			cf->data[i] = msg->msg.can_msg.msg[i];
+	}
+
+	netif_rx(skb);
+
+	dev->netdev->last_rx = jiffies;
+	stats->rx_packets++;
+	stats->rx_bytes += cf->can_dlc;
+}
+
+static void ems_usb_rx_err(struct ems_usb *dev, struct ems_cpc_msg *msg)
+{
+	struct can_frame *cf;
+	struct sk_buff *skb;
+	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->netdev->stats;
+
+	skb = dev_alloc_skb(sizeof(struct can_frame));
+	if (skb == NULL)
+		return;
+
+	skb->dev = dev->netdev;
+	skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_CAN);
+
+	cf = (struct can_frame *)skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct can_frame));
+	memset(cf, 0, sizeof(struct can_frame));
+
+	cf->can_id = CAN_ERR_FLAG;
+	cf->can_dlc = CAN_ERR_DLC;
+
+	if (msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_STATE) {
+		u8 state = msg->msg.can_state;
+
+		if (state & SJA1000_SR_BS) {
+			dev->can.state = CAN_STATE_BUS_OFF;
+			cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_BUSOFF;
+
+			can_bus_off(dev->netdev);
+		} else if (state & SJA1000_SR_ES) {
+			dev->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_WARNING;
+			dev->can.can_stats.error_warning++;
+		} else {
+			dev->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;
+			dev->can.can_stats.error_passive++;
+		}
+	} else if (msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_FRAME_ERROR) {
+		u8 ecc = msg->msg.error.cc.regs.sja1000.ecc;
+		u8 txerr = msg->msg.error.cc.regs.sja1000.txerr;
+		u8 rxerr = msg->msg.error.cc.regs.sja1000.rxerr;
+
+		/* bus error interrupt */
+		dev->can.can_stats.bus_error++;
+		stats->rx_errors++;
+
+		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_PROT | CAN_ERR_BUSERROR;
+
+		switch (ecc & SJA1000_ECC_MASK) {
+		case SJA1000_ECC_BIT:
+			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_BIT;
+			break;
+		case SJA1000_ECC_FORM:
+			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_FORM;
+			break;
+		case SJA1000_ECC_STUFF:
+			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_STUFF;
+			break;
+		default:
+			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_UNSPEC;
+			cf->data[3] = ecc & SJA1000_ECC_SEG;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		/* Error occured during transmission? */
+		if ((ecc & SJA1000_ECC_DIR) == 0)
+			cf->data[2] |= CAN_ERR_PROT_TX;
+
+		if (dev->can.state == CAN_STATE_ERROR_WARNING ||
+		    dev->can.state == CAN_STATE_ERROR_PASSIVE) {
+			cf->data[1] = (txerr > rxerr) ?
+			    CAN_ERR_CRTL_TX_PASSIVE : CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_PASSIVE;
+		}
+	} else if (msg->type == CPC_MSG_TYPE_OVERRUN) {
+		cf->can_id |= CAN_ERR_CRTL;
+		cf->data[1] = CAN_ERR_CRTL_RX_OVERFLOW;
+
+		stats->rx_over_errors++;
+		stats->rx_errors++;
+	}
+
+	netif_rx(skb);
+
+	dev->netdev->last_rx = jiffies;
+	stats->rx_packets++;
+	stats->rx_bytes += cf->can_dlc;
+}
+
+/*
+ * callback for bulk IN urb
+ */
+static void ems_usb_read_bulk_callback(struct urb *urb)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = urb->context;
+	struct net_device *netdev;
+	int retval;
+
+	netdev = dev->netdev;
+
+	if (!netif_device_present(netdev))
+		return;
+
+	switch (urb->status) {
+	case 0: /* success */
+		break;
+
+	case -ENOENT:
+		return;
+
+	default:
+		dev_info(netdev->dev.parent, "Rx URB aborted (%d)\n",
+			 urb->status);
+		goto resubmit_urb;
+	}
+
+	if (urb->actual_length > CPC_HEADER_SIZE) {
+		struct ems_cpc_msg *msg;
+		u8 *ibuf = urb->transfer_buffer;
+		u8 msg_count, again, start;
+
+		msg_count = ibuf[0] & ~0x80;
+		again = ibuf[0] & 0x80;
+
+		start = CPC_HEADER_SIZE;
+
+		while (msg_count) {
+			msg = (struct ems_cpc_msg *)&ibuf[start];
+
+			switch (msg->type) {
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_STATE:
+				/* Process CAN state changes */
+				ems_usb_rx_err(dev, msg);
+				break;
+
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_FRAME:
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_CAN_FRAME:
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_RTR_FRAME:
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME:
+				ems_usb_rx_can_msg(dev, msg);
+				break;
+
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_CAN_FRAME_ERROR:
+				/* Process errorframe */
+				ems_usb_rx_err(dev, msg);
+				break;
+
+			case CPC_MSG_TYPE_OVERRUN:
+				/* Message lost while receiving */
+				ems_usb_rx_err(dev, msg);
+				break;
+			}
+
+			start += CPC_MSG_HEADER_LEN + msg->length;
+			msg_count--;
+
+			if (start > urb->transfer_buffer_length) {
+				dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "format error\n");
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+resubmit_urb:
+	usb_fill_bulk_urb(urb, dev->udev, usb_rcvbulkpipe(dev->udev, 2),
+			  urb->transfer_buffer, RX_BUFFER_SIZE,
+			  ems_usb_read_bulk_callback, dev);
+
+	retval = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+
+	if (retval == -ENODEV)
+		netif_device_detach(netdev);
+	else if (retval)
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent,
+			"failed resubmitting read bulk urb: %d\n", retval);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * callback for bulk IN urb
+ */
+static void ems_usb_write_bulk_callback(struct urb *urb)
+{
+	struct ems_tx_urb_context *context = urb->context;
+	struct ems_usb *dev;
+	struct net_device *netdev;
+
+	BUG_ON(!context);
+
+	dev = context->dev;
+	netdev = dev->netdev;
+
+	/* free up our allocated buffer */
+	usb_buffer_free(urb->dev, urb->transfer_buffer_length,
+			urb->transfer_buffer, urb->transfer_dma);
+
+	atomic_dec(&dev->active_tx_urbs);
+
+	if (!netif_device_present(netdev))
+		return;
+
+	if (urb->status)
+		dev_info(netdev->dev.parent, "Tx URB aborted (%d)\n",
+			 urb->status);
+
+	netdev->trans_start = jiffies;
+
+	/* transmission complete interrupt */
+	netdev->stats.tx_packets++;
+	netdev->stats.tx_bytes += context->dlc;
+
+	can_get_echo_skb(netdev, context->echo_index);
+
+	/* Release context */
+	context->echo_index = MAX_TX_URBS;
+
+	if (netif_queue_stopped(netdev))
+		netif_wake_queue(netdev);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Send the given CPC command synchronously
+ */
+static int ems_usb_command_msg(struct ems_usb *dev, struct ems_cpc_msg *msg)
+{
+	int actual_length;
+
+	/* Copy payload */
+	memcpy(&dev->tx_msg_buffer[CPC_HEADER_SIZE], msg,
+	       msg->length + CPC_MSG_HEADER_LEN);
+
+	/* Clear header */
+	memset(&dev->tx_msg_buffer[0], 0, CPC_HEADER_SIZE);
+
+	return usb_bulk_msg(dev->udev, usb_sndbulkpipe(dev->udev, 2),
+			    &dev->tx_msg_buffer[0],
+			    msg->length + CPC_MSG_HEADER_LEN + CPC_HEADER_SIZE,
+			    &actual_length, 1000);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Change CAN controllers' mode register
+ */
+static int ems_usb_write_mode(struct ems_usb *dev, u8 mode)
+{
+	dev->active_params.msg.can_params.cc_params.sja1000.mode = mode;
+
+	return ems_usb_command_msg(dev, &dev->active_params);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Send a CPC_Control command to change behaviour when interface receives a CAN
+ * message, bus error or CAN state changed notifications.
+ */
+static int ems_usb_control_cmd(struct ems_usb *dev, u8 val)
+{
+	struct ems_cpc_msg cmd;
+
+	cmd.type = CPC_CMD_TYPE_CONTROL;
+	cmd.length = CPC_MSG_HEADER_LEN + 1;
+
+	cmd.msgid = 0;
+
+	cmd.msg.generic[0] = val;
+
+	return ems_usb_command_msg(dev, &cmd);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Start interface
+ */
+static int ems_usb_start(struct ems_usb *dev)
+{
+	struct net_device *netdev = dev->netdev;
+	int err, i;
+
+	dev->intr_in_buffer[0] = 0;
+	dev->free_slots = 15; /* initial size */
+
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_RX_URBS; i++) {
+		struct urb *urb = NULL;
+		u8 *buf = NULL;
+
+		/* create a URB, and a buffer for it */
+		urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!urb) {
+			dev_err(netdev->dev.parent,
+				"No memory left for URBs\n");
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+
+		buf = usb_buffer_alloc(dev->udev, RX_BUFFER_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL,
+				       &urb->transfer_dma);
+		if (!buf) {
+			dev_err(netdev->dev.parent,
+				"No memory left for USB buffer\n");
+			usb_free_urb(urb);
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+
+		usb_fill_bulk_urb(urb, dev->udev, usb_rcvbulkpipe(dev->udev, 2),
+				  buf, RX_BUFFER_SIZE,
+				  ems_usb_read_bulk_callback, dev);
+		urb->transfer_flags |= URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
+		usb_anchor_urb(urb, &dev->rx_submitted);
+
+		err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (err) {
+			if (err == -ENODEV)
+				netif_device_detach(dev->netdev);
+
+			usb_unanchor_urb(urb);
+			usb_buffer_free(dev->udev, RX_BUFFER_SIZE, buf,
+					urb->transfer_dma);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		/* Drop reference, USB core will take care of freeing it */
+		usb_free_urb(urb);
+	}
+
+	/* Did we submit any URBs */
+	if (i == 0) {
+		dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "couldn't setup read URBs\n");
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	/* Warn if we've couldn't transmit all the URBs */
+	if (i < MAX_RX_URBS)
+		dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "rx performance may be slow\n");
+
+	/* Setup and start interrupt URB */
+	usb_fill_int_urb(dev->intr_urb, dev->udev,
+			 usb_rcvintpipe(dev->udev, 1),
+			 dev->intr_in_buffer,
+			 INTR_IN_BUFFER_SIZE,
+			 ems_usb_read_interrupt_callback, dev, 1);
+
+	err = usb_submit_urb(dev->intr_urb, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (err) {
+		if (err == -ENODEV)
+			netif_device_detach(dev->netdev);
+
+		dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "intr URB submit failed: %d\n",
+			 err);
+
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	/* CPC-USB will transfer received message to host */
+	err = ems_usb_control_cmd(dev, CONTR_CAN_MESSAGE | CONTR_CONT_ON);
+	if (err)
+		goto failed;
+
+	/* CPC-USB will transfer CAN state changes to host */
+	err = ems_usb_control_cmd(dev, CONTR_CAN_STATE | CONTR_CONT_ON);
+	if (err)
+		goto failed;
+
+	/* CPC-USB will transfer bus errors to host */
+	err = ems_usb_control_cmd(dev, CONTR_BUS_ERROR | CONTR_CONT_ON);
+	if (err)
+		goto failed;
+
+	err = ems_usb_write_mode(dev, SJA1000_MOD_NORMAL);
+	if (err)
+		goto failed;
+
+	dev->can.state = CAN_STATE_ERROR_ACTIVE;
+
+	return 0;
+
+failed:
+	if (err == -ENODEV)
+		netif_device_detach(dev->netdev);
+
+	dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "couldn't submit control: %d\n", err);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+static void unlink_all_urbs(struct ems_usb *dev)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	usb_unlink_urb(dev->intr_urb);
+
+	usb_kill_anchored_urbs(&dev->rx_submitted);
+
+	usb_kill_anchored_urbs(&dev->tx_submitted);
+	atomic_set(&dev->active_tx_urbs, 0);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_TX_URBS; i++)
+		dev->tx_contexts[i].echo_index = MAX_TX_URBS;
+}
+
+static int ems_usb_open(struct net_device *netdev)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = netdev_priv(netdev);
+	int err;
+
+	err = ems_usb_write_mode(dev, SJA1000_MOD_RM);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	/* common open */
+	err = open_candev(netdev);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	/* finally start device */
+	err = ems_usb_start(dev);
+	if (err) {
+		if (err == -ENODEV)
+			netif_device_detach(dev->netdev);
+
+		dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "couldn't start device: %d\n",
+			 err);
+
+		close_candev(netdev);
+
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	dev->open_time = jiffies;
+
+	netif_start_queue(netdev);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ems_usb_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *netdev)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = netdev_priv(netdev);
+	struct ems_tx_urb_context *context = NULL;
+	struct net_device_stats *stats = &netdev->stats;
+	struct can_frame *cf = (struct can_frame *)skb->data;
+	struct ems_cpc_msg *msg;
+	struct urb *urb;
+	u8 *buf;
+	int i, err;
+	size_t size = CPC_HEADER_SIZE + CPC_MSG_HEADER_LEN
+			+ sizeof(struct cpc_can_msg);
+
+	/* create a URB, and a buffer for it, and copy the data to the URB */
+	urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!urb) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "No memory left for URBs\n");
+		goto nomem;
+	}
+
+	buf = usb_buffer_alloc(dev->udev, size, GFP_ATOMIC, &urb->transfer_dma);
+	if (!buf) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "No memory left for USB buffer\n");
+		usb_free_urb(urb);
+		goto nomem;
+	}
+
+	msg = (struct ems_cpc_msg *)&buf[CPC_HEADER_SIZE];
+
+	msg->msg.can_msg.id = cf->can_id & 0x1FFFFFFFU;
+	msg->msg.can_msg.length = cf->can_dlc;
+
+	if (cf->can_id & CAN_RTR_FLAG) {
+		msg->type = cf->can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG ?
+			CPC_CMD_TYPE_EXT_RTR_FRAME : CPC_CMD_TYPE_RTR_FRAME;
+
+		msg->length = CPC_CAN_MSG_MIN_SIZE;
+	} else {
+		msg->type = cf->can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG ?
+			CPC_CMD_TYPE_EXT_CAN_FRAME : CPC_CMD_TYPE_CAN_FRAME;
+
+		for (i = 0; i < cf->can_dlc; i++)
+			msg->msg.can_msg.msg[i] = cf->data[i];
+
+		msg->length = CPC_CAN_MSG_MIN_SIZE + cf->can_dlc;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_TX_URBS; i++) {
+		if (dev->tx_contexts[i].echo_index == MAX_TX_URBS) {
+			context = &dev->tx_contexts[i];
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * May never happen! When this happens we'd more URBs in flight as
+	 * allowed (MAX_TX_URBS).
+	 */
+	if (!context) {
+		usb_unanchor_urb(urb);
+		usb_buffer_free(dev->udev, size, buf, urb->transfer_dma);
+
+		dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "couldn't find free context\n");
+
+		return NETDEV_TX_BUSY;
+	}
+
+	context->dev = dev;
+	context->echo_index = i;
+	context->dlc = cf->can_dlc;
+
+	usb_fill_bulk_urb(urb, dev->udev, usb_sndbulkpipe(dev->udev, 2), buf,
+			  size, ems_usb_write_bulk_callback, context);
+	urb->transfer_flags |= URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
+	usb_anchor_urb(urb, &dev->tx_submitted);
+
+	can_put_echo_skb(skb, netdev, context->echo_index);
+
+	atomic_inc(&dev->active_tx_urbs);
+
+	err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (unlikely(err)) {
+		can_free_echo_skb(netdev, context->echo_index);
+
+		usb_unanchor_urb(urb);
+		usb_buffer_free(dev->udev, size, buf, urb->transfer_dma);
+		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
+
+		atomic_dec(&dev->active_tx_urbs);
+
+		if (err == -ENODEV) {
+			netif_device_detach(netdev);
+		} else {
+			dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "failed tx_urb %d\n", err);
+
+			stats->tx_dropped++;
+		}
+	} else {
+		netdev->trans_start = jiffies;
+
+		/* Slow down tx path */
+		if (atomic_read(&dev->active_tx_urbs) >= MAX_TX_URBS ||
+		    dev->free_slots < 5) {
+			netif_stop_queue(netdev);
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Release our reference to this URB, the USB core will eventually free
+	 * it entirely.
+	 */
+	usb_free_urb(urb);
+
+	return NETDEV_TX_OK;
+
+nomem:
+	if (skb)
+		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
+
+	stats->tx_dropped++;
+
+	return NETDEV_TX_OK;
+}
+
+static int ems_usb_close(struct net_device *netdev)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = netdev_priv(netdev);
+
+	/* Stop polling */
+	unlink_all_urbs(dev);
+
+	netif_stop_queue(netdev);
+
+	/* Set CAN controller to reset mode */
+	if (ems_usb_write_mode(dev, SJA1000_MOD_RM))
+		dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "couldn't stop device");
+
+	close_candev(netdev);
+
+	dev->open_time = 0;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct net_device_ops ems_usb_netdev_ops = {
+	.ndo_open = ems_usb_open,
+	.ndo_stop = ems_usb_close,
+	.ndo_start_xmit = ems_usb_start_xmit,
+};
+
+static struct can_bittiming_const ems_usb_bittiming_const = {
+	.name = "ems_usb",
+	.tseg1_min = 1,
+	.tseg1_max = 16,
+	.tseg2_min = 1,
+	.tseg2_max = 8,
+	.sjw_max = 4,
+	.brp_min = 1,
+	.brp_max = 64,
+	.brp_inc = 1,
+};
+
+static int ems_usb_set_mode(struct net_device *netdev, enum can_mode mode)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = netdev_priv(netdev);
+
+	if (!dev->open_time)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	switch (mode) {
+	case CAN_MODE_START:
+		if (ems_usb_write_mode(dev, SJA1000_MOD_NORMAL))
+			dev_warn(netdev->dev.parent, "couldn't start device");
+
+		if (netif_queue_stopped(netdev))
+			netif_wake_queue(netdev);
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ems_usb_set_bittiming(struct net_device *netdev)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = netdev_priv(netdev);
+	struct can_bittiming *bt = &dev->can.bittiming;
+	u8 btr0, btr1;
+
+	btr0 = ((bt->brp - 1) & 0x3f) | (((bt->sjw - 1) & 0x3) << 6);
+	btr1 = ((bt->prop_seg + bt->phase_seg1 - 1) & 0xf) |
+		(((bt->phase_seg2 - 1) & 0x7) << 4);
+	if (dev->can.ctrlmode & CAN_CTRLMODE_3_SAMPLES)
+		btr1 |= 0x80;
+
+	dev_info(netdev->dev.parent, "setting BTR0=0x%02x BTR1=0x%02x\n",
+		 btr0, btr1);
+
+	dev->active_params.msg.can_params.cc_params.sja1000.btr0 = btr0;
+	dev->active_params.msg.can_params.cc_params.sja1000.btr1 = btr1;
+
+	return ems_usb_command_msg(dev, &dev->active_params);
+}
+
+
+static void init_params_sja1000(struct ems_cpc_msg *msg)
+{
+	struct cpc_sja1000_params *sja1000 =
+		&msg->msg.can_params.cc_params.sja1000;
+
+	msg->type = CPC_CMD_TYPE_CAN_PARAMS;
+	msg->length = sizeof(struct cpc_can_params);
+	msg->msgid = 0;
+
+	msg->msg.can_params.cc_type = CPC_CC_TYPE_SJA1000;
+
+	/* Acceptance filter open */
+	sja1000->acc_code0 = 0x00;
+	sja1000->acc_code1 = 0x00;
+	sja1000->acc_code2 = 0x00;
+	sja1000->acc_code3 = 0x00;
+
+	/* Acceptance filter open */
+	sja1000->acc_mask0 = 0xFF;
+	sja1000->acc_mask1 = 0xFF;
+	sja1000->acc_mask2 = 0xFF;
+	sja1000->acc_mask3 = 0xFF;
+
+	sja1000->btr0 = 0;
+	sja1000->btr1 = 0;
+
+	sja1000->outp_contr = SJA1000_DEFAULT_OUTPUT_CONTROL;
+	sja1000->mode = SJA1000_MOD_RM;
+}
+
+/*
+ * probe function for new CPC-USB devices
+ */
+static int ems_usb_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
+			 const struct usb_device_id *id)
+{
+	struct net_device *netdev;
+	struct ems_usb *dev;
+	int i, err;
+
+	netdev = alloc_candev(sizeof(struct ems_usb));
+	if (!netdev) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "Couldn't alloc candev\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	dev = netdev_priv(netdev);
+
+	dev->udev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
+	dev->netdev = netdev;
+
+	dev->can.state = CAN_STATE_STOPPED;
+	dev->can.bittiming_const = &ems_usb_bittiming_const;
+	dev->can.do_set_bittiming = ems_usb_set_bittiming;
+	dev->can.do_set_mode = ems_usb_set_mode;
+
+	netdev->flags |= IFF_ECHO; /* we support local echo */
+
+	/*
+	 * The device actually uses a 16MHz clock to generate the CAN clock
+	 * but it expects SJA1000 bit settings based on 8MHz (is internally
+	 * converted).
+	 */
+	dev->can.clock.freq = EMS_USB_ARM7_CLOCK;
+
+	netdev->netdev_ops = &ems_usb_netdev_ops;
+
+	netdev->flags |= IFF_ECHO; /* we support local echo */
+
+	init_usb_anchor(&dev->rx_submitted);
+
+	init_usb_anchor(&dev->tx_submitted);
+	atomic_set(&dev->active_tx_urbs, 0);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_TX_URBS; i++)
+		dev->tx_contexts[i].echo_index = MAX_TX_URBS;
+
+	dev->intr_urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dev->intr_urb) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "Couldn't alloc intr URB\n");
+		free_candev(netdev);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	dev->intr_in_buffer = kzalloc(INTR_IN_BUFFER_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dev->intr_in_buffer) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "Couldn't alloc Intr buffer\n");
+		free_candev(netdev);
+		usb_free_urb(dev->intr_urb);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	dev->tx_msg_buffer = kzalloc(CPC_HEADER_SIZE +
+				     sizeof(struct ems_cpc_msg), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dev->tx_msg_buffer) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent, "Couldn't alloc Tx buffer\n");
+		free_candev(netdev);
+		usb_free_urb(dev->intr_urb);
+		kfree(dev->intr_in_buffer);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	usb_set_intfdata(intf, dev);
+
+	SET_NETDEV_DEV(netdev, &intf->dev);
+
+	init_params_sja1000(&dev->active_params);
+
+	err = ems_usb_command_msg(dev, &dev->active_params);
+	if (err) {
+		dev_err(netdev->dev.parent,
+			"couldn't initialize controller: %d\n", err);
+		free_candev(netdev);
+		usb_free_urb(dev->intr_urb);
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	return register_candev(netdev);
+}
+
+/*
+ * called by the usb core when the device is removed from the system
+ */
+static void ems_usb_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
+{
+	struct ems_usb *dev = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
+
+	usb_set_intfdata(intf, NULL);
+
+	if (dev) {
+		unregister_netdev(dev->netdev);
+		free_candev(dev->netdev);
+
+		unlink_all_urbs(dev);
+
+		usb_free_urb(dev->intr_urb);
+
+		kfree(dev->intr_in_buffer);
+	}
+}
+
+/* usb specific object needed to register this driver with the usb subsystem */
+static struct usb_driver ems_usb_driver = {
+	.name = "ems_usb",
+	.probe = ems_usb_probe,
+	.disconnect = ems_usb_disconnect,
+	.id_table = ems_usb_table,
+};
+
+static int __init ems_usb_init(void)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	printk(KERN_INFO "CPC-USB kernel driver loaded\n");
+
+	/* register this driver with the USB subsystem */
+	err = usb_register(&ems_usb_driver);
+
+	if (err) {
+		err("usb_register failed. Error number %d\n", err);
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit ems_usb_exit(void)
+{
+	/* deregister this driver with the USB subsystem */
+	usb_deregister(&ems_usb_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(ems_usb_init);
+module_exit(ems_usb_exit);

-- 
EMS Dr. Thomas Wuensche e.K.
Sonnenhang 3
85304 Ilmmuenster
HRA Neuburg a.d. Donau, HR-Nr. 70.106
Phone: +49-8441-490260
Fax  : +49-8441-81860
http://www.ems-wuensche.com
--
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