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Date:	Tue, 16 Feb 2010 17:37:04 +0800
From:	Cong Wang <amwang@...hat.com>
To:	Octavian Purdila <opurdila@...acom.com>
CC:	David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>,
	Linux Kernel Network Developers <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	Linux Kernel Developers <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Neil Horman <nhorman@...driver.com>,
	Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
Subject: Re: [net-next PATCH v4 3/3] net: reserve ports for applications using
 fixed port numbers

Octavian Purdila wrote:
> This patch introduces /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_reserved_ports
> (bitmap type) which allows users to reserve ports for third-party
> applications.
> 
> The reserved ports will not be used by automatic port assignments
> (e.g. when calling connect() or bind() with port number 0). Explicit
> port allocation behavior is unchanged.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Octavian Purdila <opurdila@...acom.com>
> Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@...hat.com>
> Cc: Neil Horman <nhorman@...driver.com>
> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt |   12 ++++++++++++
>  drivers/infiniband/core/cma.c          |    7 ++++++-
>  include/net/ip.h                       |    6 ++++++
>  net/ipv4/af_inet.c                     |    8 +++++++-
>  net/ipv4/inet_connection_sock.c        |    6 ++++++
>  net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c             |    2 ++
>  net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c             |   17 +++++++++++++++++
>  net/ipv4/udp.c                         |    3 ++-
>  net/sctp/socket.c                      |    2 ++
>  9 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
> index 2dc7a1d..23be7a4 100644
> --- a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
> @@ -564,6 +564,18 @@ ip_local_port_range - 2 INTEGERS
>  	(i.e. by default) range 1024-4999 is enough to issue up to
>  	2000 connections per second to systems supporting timestamps.
>  
> +ip_local_reserved_ports - BITMAP of 65536 ports
> +	Specify the ports which are reserved for known third-party
> +	applications. These ports will not be used by automatic port assignments
> +	(e.g. when calling connect() or bind() with port number 0). Explicit
> +	port allocation behavior is unchanged.
> +
> +	Reserving ports is done by writing positive numbers in this proc entry,
> +	clearing them is done by writing negative numbers (e.g. 8080 reserves
> +	port number, -8080 makes it available for automatic assignment again).
> +
> +	Default: Empty
> +
>  ip_nonlocal_bind - BOOLEAN
>  	If set, allows processes to bind() to non-local IP addresses,
>  	which can be quite useful - but may break some applications.
> diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/core/cma.c b/drivers/infiniband/core/cma.c
> index cc9b594..8248fc6 100644
> --- a/drivers/infiniband/core/cma.c
> +++ b/drivers/infiniband/core/cma.c
> @@ -1979,6 +1979,8 @@ retry:
>  	/* FIXME: add proper port randomization per like inet_csk_get_port */
>  	do {
>  		ret = idr_get_new_above(ps, bind_list, next_port, &port);
> +		if (inet_is_reserved_local_port(port))
> +			ret = -EAGAIN;
>  	} while ((ret == -EAGAIN) && idr_pre_get(ps, GFP_KERNEL));
>  
>  	if (ret)
> @@ -2997,10 +2999,13 @@ static int __init cma_init(void)
>  {
>  	int ret, low, high, remaining;
>  
> -	get_random_bytes(&next_port, sizeof next_port);
>  	inet_get_local_port_range(&low, &high);
> +again:
> +	get_random_bytes(&next_port, sizeof next_port);
>  	remaining = (high - low) + 1;
>  	next_port = ((unsigned int) next_port % remaining) + low;
> +	if (inet_is_reserved_local_port(next_port))
> +		goto again;
>  
>  	cma_wq = create_singlethread_workqueue("rdma_cm");
>  	if (!cma_wq)
> diff --git a/include/net/ip.h b/include/net/ip.h
> index fb63371..2e24256 100644
> --- a/include/net/ip.h
> +++ b/include/net/ip.h
> @@ -184,6 +184,12 @@ extern struct local_ports {
>  } sysctl_local_ports;
>  extern void inet_get_local_port_range(int *low, int *high);
>  
> +extern unsigned long *sysctl_local_reserved_ports;
> +static inline int inet_is_reserved_local_port(int port)
> +{
> +	return test_bit(port, sysctl_local_reserved_ports);
> +}
> +
>  extern int sysctl_ip_default_ttl;
>  extern int sysctl_ip_nonlocal_bind;
>  
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/af_inet.c b/net/ipv4/af_inet.c
> index 7d12c6a..06810b0 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/af_inet.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/af_inet.c
> @@ -1546,9 +1546,13 @@ static int __init inet_init(void)
>  
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct inet_skb_parm) > sizeof(dummy_skb->cb));
>  
> +	sysctl_local_reserved_ports = kzalloc(65536 / 8, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!sysctl_local_reserved_ports)
> +		goto out;
> +


I think we should also consider the ports in ip_local_port_range,
since we can only reserve the ports in that range.


>  	rc = proto_register(&tcp_prot, 1);
>  	if (rc)
> -		goto out;
> +		goto out_free_reserved_ports;
>  
>  	rc = proto_register(&udp_prot, 1);
>  	if (rc)
> @@ -1647,6 +1651,8 @@ out_unregister_udp_proto:
>  	proto_unregister(&udp_prot);
>  out_unregister_tcp_proto:
>  	proto_unregister(&tcp_prot);
> +out_free_reserved_ports:
> +	kfree(sysctl_local_reserved_ports);
>  	goto out;
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/inet_connection_sock.c b/net/ipv4/inet_connection_sock.c
> index 8da6429..1acb462 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/inet_connection_sock.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/inet_connection_sock.c
> @@ -37,6 +37,9 @@ struct local_ports sysctl_local_ports __read_mostly = {
>  	.range = { 32768, 61000 },
>  };
>  
> +unsigned long *sysctl_local_reserved_ports;
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_local_reserved_ports);
> +
>  void inet_get_local_port_range(int *low, int *high)
>  {
>  	unsigned seq;
> @@ -108,6 +111,8 @@ again:
>  
>  		smallest_size = -1;
>  		do {
> +			if (inet_is_reserved_local_port(rover))
> +				goto next_nolock;
>  			head = &hashinfo->bhash[inet_bhashfn(net, rover,
>  					hashinfo->bhash_size)];
>  			spin_lock(&head->lock);
> @@ -130,6 +135,7 @@ again:
>  			break;
>  		next:
>  			spin_unlock(&head->lock);
> +		next_nolock:
>  			if (++rover > high)
>  				rover = low;
>  		} while (--remaining > 0);
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c b/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
> index 2b79377..d3e160a 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
> @@ -456,6 +456,8 @@ int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row,
>  		local_bh_disable();
>  		for (i = 1; i <= remaining; i++) {
>  			port = low + (i + offset) % remaining;
> +			if (inet_is_reserved_local_port(port))
> +				continue;
>  			head = &hinfo->bhash[inet_bhashfn(net, port,
>  					hinfo->bhash_size)];
>  			spin_lock(&head->lock);
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
> index 7e3712c..ce3597a 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
> @@ -298,6 +298,13 @@ static struct ctl_table ipv4_table[] = {
>  		.mode		= 0644,
>  		.proc_handler	= ipv4_local_port_range,
>  	},
> +	{
> +		.procname	= "ip_local_reserved_ports",
> +		.data		= NULL, /* initialized in sysctl_ipv4_init */
> +		.maxlen		= 65536,
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dobitmap,
> +	},


Isn't there an off-by-one here?

In patch 2/3, you use 0 to set the fist bit, then how about 65535 which
writes 65536th bit? This is beyond the range of port number.


>  #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MULTICAST
>  	{
>  		.procname	= "igmp_max_memberships",
> @@ -721,6 +728,16 @@ static __net_initdata struct pernet_operations ipv4_sysctl_ops = {
>  static __init int sysctl_ipv4_init(void)
>  {
>  	struct ctl_table_header *hdr;
> +	struct ctl_table *i;
> +
> +	for (i = ipv4_table; i->procname; i++) {
> +		if (strcmp(i->procname, "ip_local_reserved_ports") == 0) {
> +			i->data = sysctl_local_reserved_ports;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	if (!i->procname[0])
> +		return -EINVAL;
>  
>  	hdr = register_sysctl_paths(net_ipv4_ctl_path, ipv4_table);
>  	if (hdr == NULL)
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/udp.c b/net/ipv4/udp.c
> index 608a544..bfd0a6a 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/udp.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/udp.c
> @@ -232,7 +232,8 @@ int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum,
>  			 */
>  			do {
>  				if (low <= snum && snum <= high &&
> -				    !test_bit(snum >> udptable->log, bitmap))
> +				    !test_bit(snum >> udptable->log, bitmap) &&
> +				    !inet_is_reserved_local_port(snum))
>  					goto found;
>  				snum += rand;
>  			} while (snum != first);
> diff --git a/net/sctp/socket.c b/net/sctp/socket.c
> index f6d1e59..1f839d0 100644
> --- a/net/sctp/socket.c
> +++ b/net/sctp/socket.c
> @@ -5432,6 +5432,8 @@ static long sctp_get_port_local(struct sock *sk, union sctp_addr *addr)
>  			rover++;
>  			if ((rover < low) || (rover > high))
>  				rover = low;
> +			if (inet_is_reserved_local_port(rover))
> +				continue;
>  			index = sctp_phashfn(rover);
>  			head = &sctp_port_hashtable[index];
>  			sctp_spin_lock(&head->lock);

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