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Date:	Fri, 13 Aug 2010 23:05:51 +1000
From:	Stephen Buck <stephen.buck@...nda.com>
To:	Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
CC:	"netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	Netfilter Development Mailinglist 
	<netfilter-devel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Patrick McHardy <kaber@...sh.net>,
	KOVACS Krisztian <hidden@....bme.hu>
Subject: Re: tproxy related crash in inet_hashtables

  On 13/08/10 20:54, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> Le vendredi 13 août 2010 à 18:15 +1000, Stephen Buck a écrit :
>> Recently I encountered a number of crashes related to tproxy on the
>> 2.6.34.1 (x86_64 SMP) kernel. These usually manifested as a bug like the
>> following (Although the bug was confirmed to be present on a vanilla
>> kernel, this particular trace is from a kernel with some customisations):
>>
>> [ 1504.765077] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at
>> (null)
>> [ 1504.848183] IP: [<ffffffff8135a79b>] inet_bind_bucket_destroy+0x1b/0x30
>> [ 1504.927126] PGD 1a9933067 PUD 1ad909067 PMD 0
>> [ 1504.980125] Thread overran stack, or stack corrupted
>> [ 1505.039325] Oops: 0002 #1 SMP
>> [ 1505.077775] last sysfs file:
>> /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu15/topology/thread_siblings
>> [ 1505.169166] CPU 0
>> [ 1505.193070] Modules linked in: sch_sfq cls_fw sch_htb xt_physdev
>> 8021q bridge stp llc
>> [ 1505.923769] Pid: 0, comm: swapper Not tainted 2.6.31-12EXINDAsmp #0
>> PowerEdge R710
>> [ 1506.014118] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8135a79b>] [<ffffffff8135a79b>]
>> inet_bind_bucket_destroy+0x1b/0x30
>> [ 1506.122242] RSP: 0018:ffffc90000003e10 EFLAGS: 00010246
>> [ 1506.185655] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffffc900164a02a0 RCX:
>> ffffea00098e24b0
>> [ 1506.270863] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffff8802e1186280 RDI:
>> ffffffff815b4600
>> [ 1506.356077] RBP: ffffc90000003e10 R08: 0000000000000016 R09:
>> 0000000000000001
>> [ 1506.441284] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12:
>> ffff88011b894fc0
>> [ 1506.526500] R13: ffffffff81744c80 R14: ffffffff815fe6c0 R15:
>> 0000000000000003
>> [ 1506.611722] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffffc90000000000(0000)
>> knlGS:0000000000000000
>> [ 1506.708410] CS: 0010 DS: 0018 ES: 0018 CR0: 000000008005003b
>> [ 1506.777011] CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 00000001ae17a000 CR4:
>> 00000000000006f0
>> [ 1506.862225] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1506.947442] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7:
>> 0000000000000400
>> [ 1507.032650] Process swapper (pid: 0, threadinfo ffffffff815b0000,
>> task ffffffff815b6bc0)
>> [ 1507.129345] Stack:
>> [ 1507.153299] ffffc90000003e40 ffffffff8135b834 0000000000000001
>> ffff88011b894fc0
>> [ 1507.239581]<0>  ffffffff815fe560 0000000000000002 ffffc90000003e80
>> ffffffff8135bbf6
>> [ 1507.331133]<0>  ffffffff815fe560 ffffffff815fe560 ffffffff815fe6c0
>> ffffc90000003eb0
>> [ 1507.424833] Call Trace:
>> [ 1507.453976]<IRQ>
>> [ 1507.478971] [<ffffffff8135b834>] __inet_twsk_kill+0xb4/0xf0
>> [ 1507.546538] [<ffffffff8135bbf6>] inet_twdr_do_twkill_work+0x66/0xd0
>> [ 1507.622408] [<ffffffff8135bd40>] ? inet_twdr_hangman+0x0/0xd0
>> [ 1507.692041] [<ffffffff8135bd95>] inet_twdr_hangman+0x55/0xd0
>> [ 1507.760650] [<ffffffff810515ec>] run_timer_softirq+0x18c/0x220
>> [ 1507.831330] [<ffffffff8104c3b8>] __do_softirq+0xc8/0x1f0
>> [ 1507.895799] [<ffffffff8100cf5c>] call_softirq+0x1c/0x30
>> [ 1507.959209] [<ffffffff8100e5f5>] do_softirq+0x45/0x80
>> [ 1508.020538] [<ffffffff8104c2e7>] irq_exit+0x87/0x90
>> [ 1508.079797] [<ffffffff813bd0c1>] smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x71/0x9d
>> [ 1508.155667] [<ffffffff8100c933>] apic_timer_interrupt+0x13/0x20
>> [ 1508.227385]<EOI>
>> [ 1508.252383] [<ffffffff8101317e>] ? mwait_idle+0x7e/0x110
>> [ 1508.316836] [<ffffffff813bb0bd>] ? __atomic_notifier_call_chain+0xd/0x10
>> [ 1508.397903] [<ffffffff813bb0d1>] ? atomic_notifier_call_chain+0x11/0x20
>> [ 1508.477928] [<ffffffff8100ac31>] ? cpu_idle+0x51/0x90
>> [ 1508.539265] [<ffffffff813aa92b>] ? rest_init+0x6b/0x80
>> [ 1508.601639] [<ffffffff816230f5>] ? start_kernel+0x2c5/0x370
>> [ 1508.669200] [<ffffffff81622611>] ? x86_64_start_reservations+0x81/0xc0
>> [ 1508.748192] [<ffffffff81622726>] ? x86_64_start_kernel+0xd6/0x100
>> [ 1508.821979] Code: 64 10 40 eb 94 0f 1f 44 00 00 66 0f 1f 44 00 00 55
>> 48 89 e5 0f 1f 44 00 00 48 83 7e 18 00 75 19 48 8b 46 08 48 8b 56 10
>> [ 1509.048123] RIP [<ffffffff8135a79b>] inet_bind_bucket_destroy+0x1b/0x30
>> [ 1509.128157] RSP<ffffc90000003e10>
>> [ 1509.169759] CR2: 0000000000000000
>>
>>
>> After spending a while tracking it down, I discovered that the wrong
>> locks get held when operating on the bind hash table's chains.
>>
>> This is due to the listen socket and the child socket having different
>> local ports when __inet_inherit_port() is called. The lock is held based
>> on the child socket's port, but the list operated on is the one the
>> listen socket belongs to.
>>
>> e.g.
>> There is a transparent proxy listening on port 9999.
>> A new http connection (with port 80) is redirected to the proxy.
>>
>> The inet_bind_hashbucket locked in this case is table->bhash[80].lock,
>> but the inet_bind_bucket the child socket is added to is in the chain of
>> the table->bhash[9999] inet_bind_hashbucket. This means that if another
>> connection with a different local port arrived and was redirected to the
>> proxy, they could both be operating on the list at the same time.
>>
>>
>> Attached is a patch that should fix this by looking up the correct
>> inet_bind_bucket based on the child's local port when the
>> inet_bind_bucket from the listen socket has a different port to the
>> child's inet_num. It was built against 2.6.34.1, but should apply to any
>> mainline kernel.
>>
>> It is also possible the same bug exists in the IPv6 code as well. As I
>> have not had to deal with IPv6 yet, I have not had a look.
> Hi Stephen
>
> CC netfilter-devel&  Patrick&  Krisztian
>
> I cannot convince myself this patch is a right fix.
>
> This probably should be fixed in netfilter tree, not in
> net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c ?
>
> Once tproxy is involved, the original port (80) should be changed to
> 9999 by tproxy (for SYN packet) and conntrack for following ones.
>
> So listening socket and its children all use source port 9999 ?
>
> (inet_sk(child)->inet_num == inet_sk(parent)->inet_num)
I think you are referring to the older method of transparent proxying. 
Tproxy4 does not rely on conntrack. The socket is created with the 
connection's original ports and IPs.
>
> You claim wrong lock is taken at insert time, but are you sure the right
> lock is taken at deletion time ?
>
> Hmm...
>
Without the patch, you have the same problem in __inet_put_port(). The 
lock is taken based on the child's inet_num, but the icsk_bind_hash of 
the socket was inherited from the parent, so it belongs to a different 
inet_bind_hashbucket.

With the patch, inet_bind_hash refers to the inet_bind_bucket that was 
found by searching the hash table, rather than directly inherited from 
the parent. This means that the correct lock is chosen for the list 
being manipulated.
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