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Date:	Fri, 25 Nov 2011 14:47:56 +0100
From:	Hagen Paul Pfeifer <hagen@...u.net>
To:	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@...tta.com>,
	Hagen Paul Pfeifer <hagen@...u.net>
Subject: [PATCH iproute2] netem: add man-page

Signed-off-by: Hagen Paul Pfeifer <hagen@...u.net>
---
 man/man8/tc-netem.8 |  272 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 272 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 man/man8/tc-netem.8

diff --git a/man/man8/tc-netem.8 b/man/man8/tc-netem.8
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c8ed292
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man/man8/tc-netem.8
@@ -0,0 +1,272 @@
+.TH NETEM 8 "25 November 2011" "iproute2" "Linux"
+.SH NAME
+NetEm \- Network Emulator
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem  [ limit
+packets
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ logging
+LEVEL ]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ delay
+TIME [ JITTER [CORRELATION]]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ distribution
+{uniform|normal|pareto|paretonormal} ]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ drop
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ loss
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]]
+.B ]
+
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ query ] [ loss_GI
+ploss [burst_length [density [pisol [good_burst_length]]]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ query ] [ loss_4state
+[p13 [p31 [p32 [p23 [p14]]]]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem  [ loss_gilb_ell
+p [r [1-h [1-k]]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem  [ loss_gilb_ell_4s
+p [r [1-h [1-k]]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem [ loss_pattern
+FILENAME [REPETITIONS]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem  [ corrupt
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem  [ duplicate
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]]
+.B ]
+
+.B tc qdisc ... dev
+dev
+.B ] add netem  [ reorder
+PRECENT [CORRELATION] [ gap DISTANCE ]]
+.B ]
+
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+NetEm is an enhancement of the Linux traffic control facilities
+that allow to add delay, packet loss, duplication and more other
+characteristics to packets outgoing from a selected network
+interface. NetEm is build using the existing Quality Of Service (QOS)
+and Differentiated Services (diffserv) facilities in the Linux
+kernel.
+
+.SH netem OPTIONS
+netem has the following options:
+
+.B limit
+packets
+
+limits the effect of selected options to the indicated number of next packets.
+
+.B logging
+LEVEL
+
+sets a logging level. Actually it works with loss_GI, loss_4state, loss_bern,
+loss_gilb, loss_gilb_ell, loss_gilb_ell_4s, loss_pattern options. The default
+value is level 0, which means that no data will be logged. When logging level
+is set to 1 the kernel logs will include a line like "netem loss event
+algorithm [type] x RFPLE y" for each loss event. The acronym RFPLE means
+"Received From Previous Loss Event" and it counts the number y of good packets
+received between two loss events while x is the number of all lost packets and
+algorithm refers to the selected loss generation algorithm (4-state, gilb_ell
+or deterministic). The type label applies only to the GI algorithm and can be
+burst or isolated.
+
+.B delay
+TIME [ JITTER [CORRELATION]]]
+
+adds the chosen delay to the packets outgoing to chosen network interface. The
+optional parameters allows to introduce a delay variation and a correlation.
+Delay and jitter values are expressed in ms while correlation is percentage.
+
+.B distribution
+{uniform|normal|pareto|paretonormal}
+
+allow the choose the delay distribution. If not specified, the default
+distribution is normal. Additional parameters allow to consider situations in
+which network has variable delays depending on traffic flows concurring on the
+same path, that causes severeal delay peaks and a tail.
+
+.B drop
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]
+
+OR
+
+.B loss
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]
+
+adds an independent loss probability to the packets outgoing from the chosen
+network interface. It is also possibile to add a correlation, but this option
+is now deprecated due to the noticed bad behaviour.
+
+.B query
+
+enables the query mode. It applies to loss_GI and loss_4state options. If it is
+used with the loss_GI option, the transition probabilities which correspond to
+the input intuitive parameters are calculated and printed to screen, without
+copying them in the netem qdisc. Similarly, if it is used with the loss_4state
+option, it calculates and prints the intuitive parameters that corresponds to
+the input transition probabilities.
+
+.B loss_GI
+ploss [burst_length [density [pisol [good_burst_length]]]]
+
+adds packet losses according to the GI (General and Intuitive) loss model,
+using the intuitive parameters. The parameter ploss is mandatory while the
+others are optional. The intuitive parameters are converted to the transition
+probabilities of the 4-state Markov model. If the only parameter specified is
+ploss, it corresponds to the Bernoulli model while the optional parameters
+allow to extend the model to 2-state (burst_length), 3-state (density), and
+4-state (pisol). If the good_burst_length is not specified the hyphotesis of
+statistical independence for the losses within the burst will be used.
+
+.B loss_4state
+p13 [p31 [p32 [p23 [p14]]]]
+
+adds packet losses according to the 4-state Markov using the transition
+probabilities as input parameters. The parameters p13 is mandatory and if used
+alone corresponds to the Bernoulli model. The optional parameters allows to
+extend the model to 2-state (p31), 3-state (p23 and p32) and 4-state (p14).
+State 1 corresponds to good reception, State 4 to independent losses, State 3
+to burst losses and State 2 to good reception within a burst.
+
+.B loss_gilb_ell
+p [r [1-h [1-k]]]
+
+adds packet losses according to the Gilbert-Elliot loss model or its special
+cases (Gilbert, Simple Gilbert and Bernoulli). To use the Bernoulli model, the
+only needed parameter is p while the the others will be set to the default
+values r=1-p, 1-h=1 and 1-k=0. The parameters needed for the Simple Gilbert
+model are two (p and r), while three parameters (p, r, 1-h) are needed for the
+Gilbert model and four (p, r, 1-h and 1-k) are needed for the Gilbert-Elliot
+model. As known, p and r are the transition probabilities between the bad and
+the good states, 1-h is the loss probability in the bad state and 1-k is the
+loss probability in the good state.
+
+.B loss_gilb_ell_4s
+p [r [1-h [1-k]]]
+
+adds packet losses according to the Gilbert-Elliot-4s loss model. It is a
+particular version of the GI model which behaviour is very similar to the
+Gilbert-Elliot's. The input parameters are the same of the real Gilbert-Elliot
+model or its special cases. The transition probabilities and GI parameters that
+corresponds to the Gilbert-Elliot input parameters are calculated and, if the
+query mode is enabled, printed to screen. This option is included to study the
+correspondence between GI model and the models available in the literature, it
+has no practical use at the moment.
+
+.B loss_pattern
+FILENAME [REPETITIONS]
+
+adds packet losses according to a deterministic loss pattern. It reads from the
+text file FILENAME a sequence of "1" and "0" where "1" are the loss events and
+"0" are the regular transmission of packets . The parameter repetitions is
+optional and is the number of "replicas" of the loss pattern file. It is
+optional and by default is 0 which means infinite repetition of the loss
+pattern.
+
+.B corrupt
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]]
+
+allows the emulate the random noise introducing an error in a random position
+for a chosen percent of packets. It is also possible to add a correlation
+through the proper parameter.
+
+.B duplicate
+PERCENT [CORRELATION]]
+
+using this option the chosen percent of packets is duplicated before queueing
+them. It is also possible to add a correlation through the proper parameter.
+
+.B reorder
+PRECENT [CORRELATION] [ gap DISTANCE ]]
+
+there are two ways to use this option:
+
+.B reorder
+gap 5 10 ms
+
+in this first example every 5th (10th, 15th) packet is sent immediately while
+other packets are delayed by 10 ms
+
+.B reorder
+25% 50%
+
+in this second example 25% of packets are sent immediately (with correlation of
+50%) while the other are delayed by 10 ms.
+
+.SH LIMITATIONS
+The main known limitation of Netem are related to timer granularity, since
+Linux is not a real-time operating system; to the choice of Pseudo-Random
+Number Generator (PRNG) and the original loss model.
+
+.SH SOURCES
+.TP
+o
+Hemminger S. , "Network Emulation with NetEm", Open Source Development Lab,
+April 2005
+(http://devresources.linux-foundation.org/shemminger/netem/LCA2005_paper.pdf)
+
+.TP
+o
+Netem page from Linux foundation, (http://www.linuxfoundation.org/en/Net:Netem)
+
+.TP
+o
+Salsano S., Ludovici F., Ordine A., "Definition of a general and intuitive loss
+model for packet networks and its implementation in the Netem module in the
+Linux kernel", available at http://netgroup.uniroma2.it/NetemCLG
+
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR tc (8),
+.BR tc-tbf (8)
+
+.SH AUTHOR
+Netem was written by Stephen Hemminger at OSDL and is based on NISTnet.  This
+manpage was created by Fabio Ludovici <fabio.ludovici at yahoo dot it> and
+Hagen Paul Pfeifer <hagen@...u.net>
-- 
1.7.7

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