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Date:	Mon, 18 Jun 2012 14:22:11 +0200
From:	Rostislav Lisovy <lisovy@...il.com>
To:	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	linux-can@...r.kernel.org, lartc@...r.kernel.org,
	pisa@....felk.cvut.cz, sojkam1@....cvut.cz,
	Rostislav Lisovy <lisovy@...il.com>
Subject: [PATCH net-next] em_canid: Ematch rule to match CAN frames according to their CAN IDs

This ematch makes it possible to classify CAN frames (AF_CAN) according
to their identifiers. This functionality can not be easily achieved with
existing classifiers, such as u32, because CAN ID is always stored in
native endianness, whereas u32 expects Network byte order.

The filtering rules for EFF frames are stored in an array, which
is traversed during classification. A bitmap is used to store SFF
rules -- one bit for each ID.

It is possible to to pass up to 32 'rules' to this ematch during
configuration.

Signed-off-by: Rostislav Lisovy <lisovy@...il.com>
---

This Patch contains a reworked classifier initially posted in
http://www.spinics.net/lists/netdev/msg200114.html
The functionality is the same however there is almost 50% reduction
in the source code length.

There were simple benchmark performed on MPC5200 -- an embedded PowerPC CPU
(e300 core, G2 LE), 396 MHz, with 128 MiB of RAM running 3.4.2 Linux kernel
The benchmark simply generated CAN frames with different identifiers and the
time spent in can_send() function was measured.

CAN device was configured as follows:
ip link set can0 type can bitrate 1000000
ip link set can0 txqueuelen 1000

CAN frames were generated with command:
cangen can0 -I ${ID} -L 8 -D i -g 1 -n 100

With no extra filter/qdisc configured, median of the time spent in can_send()
was about 27 us -- with prio qdisc with 5 bands and 5 appropriate cls_can
filters (previous patch), it was about 30 us -- with prio qdisc with 5 bands
and 5 appropriate em_can filters (this patch), it was about 34 us.

---
 include/linux/can.h     |    3 +
 include/linux/pkt_cls.h |    5 +-
 net/sched/Kconfig       |   10 ++
 net/sched/Makefile      |    1 +
 net/sched/em_canid.c    |  252 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 269 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 net/sched/em_canid.c

diff --git a/include/linux/can.h b/include/linux/can.h
index 9a19bcb..08d1610 100644
--- a/include/linux/can.h
+++ b/include/linux/can.h
@@ -38,6 +38,9 @@
  */
 typedef __u32 canid_t;
 
+#define CAN_SFF_ID_BITS		11
+#define CAN_EFF_ID_BITS		29
+
 /*
  * Controller Area Network Error Frame Mask structure
  *
diff --git a/include/linux/pkt_cls.h b/include/linux/pkt_cls.h
index defbde2..7fbe6c2 100644
--- a/include/linux/pkt_cls.h
+++ b/include/linux/pkt_cls.h
@@ -451,8 +451,9 @@ enum {
 #define	TCF_EM_U32		3
 #define	TCF_EM_META		4
 #define	TCF_EM_TEXT		5
-#define        TCF_EM_VLAN		6
-#define	TCF_EM_MAX		6
+#define	TCF_EM_VLAN		6
+#define        TCF_EM_CANID		7
+#define	TCF_EM_MAX		7
 
 enum {
 	TCF_EM_PROG_TC
diff --git a/net/sched/Kconfig b/net/sched/Kconfig
index 75b58f8..bc0ceab 100644
--- a/net/sched/Kconfig
+++ b/net/sched/Kconfig
@@ -485,6 +485,16 @@ config NET_EMATCH_TEXT
 	  To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the
 	  module will be called em_text.
 
+config NET_EMATCH_CANID
+	tristate "CAN ID"
+	depends on NET_EMATCH && CAN
+	---help---
+          Say Y here if you want to be able to classify CAN frames based
+          on CAN ID.
+
+	  To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the
+	  module will be called em_canid.
+
 config NET_CLS_ACT
 	bool "Actions"
 	---help---
diff --git a/net/sched/Makefile b/net/sched/Makefile
index 8cdf4e2..47f9262 100644
--- a/net/sched/Makefile
+++ b/net/sched/Makefile
@@ -53,3 +53,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_NBYTE)	+= em_nbyte.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_U32)	+= em_u32.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_META)	+= em_meta.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_TEXT)	+= em_text.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_NET_EMATCH_CANID)	+= em_canid.o
diff --git a/net/sched/em_canid.c b/net/sched/em_canid.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5cc6e5e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/sched/em_canid.c
@@ -0,0 +1,252 @@
+/*
+ * em_canid.c  Ematch rule to match CAN frames according to their CAN IDs
+ *
+ *              This program is free software; you can distribute it and/or
+ *              modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *              as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ *              2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * Idea:       Oliver Hartkopp <oliver.hartkopp@...kswagen.de>
+ * Copyright:  (c) 2011 Czech Technical University in Prague
+ *             (c) 2011 Volkswagen Group Research
+ * Authors:    Michal Sojka <sojkam1@....cvut.cz>
+ *             Pavel Pisa <pisa@....felk.cvut.cz>
+ *             Rostislav Lisovy <lisovy@...il.cz>
+ * Funded by:  Volkswagen Group Research
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <net/pkt_cls.h>
+#include <linux/can.h>
+
+#define EM_CAN_RULES_SIZE				32
+
+struct canid_match {
+	/*
+	 * Raw rules copied from netlink message; Used for sending
+	 * information to userspace (when 'tc filter show' is invoked)
+	 * AND when matching EFF frames
+	 */
+	struct can_filter rules_raw[EM_CAN_RULES_SIZE];
+
+	/* For each SFF CAN ID (11 bit) there is one record in this bitfield */
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(match_sff, (1 << CAN_SFF_ID_BITS));
+
+	int rules_count;
+	int eff_rules_count;
+	int sff_rules_count;
+};
+
+/**
+ * em_canid_get_id() - Extracts Can ID out of the sk_buff structure.
+ */
+static canid_t em_canid_get_id(struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	/* CAN ID is stored within the data field */
+	struct can_frame *cf = (struct can_frame *)skb->data;
+
+	return cf->can_id;
+}
+
+static void em_canid_sff_match_add(struct canid_match *cm, u32 can_id,
+					u32 can_mask)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	/*
+	 * Limit can_mask and can_id to SFF range to
+	 * protect against write after end of array
+	 */
+	can_mask &= CAN_SFF_MASK;
+	can_id &= can_mask;
+
+	/* Single frame */
+	if (can_mask == CAN_SFF_MASK) {
+		set_bit(can_id, cm->match_sff);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* All frames */
+	if (can_mask == 0) {
+		bitmap_fill(cm->match_sff, (1 << CAN_SFF_ID_BITS));
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Individual frame filter.
+	 * Add record (set bit to 1) for each ID that
+	 * conforms particular rule
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < (1 << CAN_SFF_ID_BITS); i++) {
+		if ((i & can_mask) == can_id)
+			set_bit(i, cm->match_sff);
+	}
+}
+
+static inline struct canid_match *em_canid_priv(struct tcf_ematch *m)
+{
+	return (struct canid_match *) (m)->data;
+}
+
+static int em_canid_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch *m,
+			 struct tcf_pkt_info *info)
+{
+	struct canid_match *cm = em_canid_priv(m);
+	canid_t can_id;
+	unsigned int match = false;
+	int i;
+
+	can_id = em_canid_get_id(skb);
+
+	if (can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG) {
+		can_id &= CAN_EFF_MASK;
+
+		for (i = 0; i < cm->eff_rules_count; i++) {
+			if (!(((cm->rules_raw[i].can_id ^ can_id) &
+			    cm->rules_raw[i].can_mask) & CAN_EFF_MASK)) {
+				match = true;
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+	} else { /* SFF */
+		can_id &= CAN_SFF_MASK;
+		match = test_bit(can_id, cm->match_sff);
+	}
+
+	if (match)
+		return 1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int em_canid_change(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *data, int len,
+			  struct tcf_ematch *m)
+{
+	struct can_filter *conf = data; /* Array with rules,
+					 * fixed size EM_CAN_RULES_SIZE
+					 */
+	struct canid_match *cm;
+	int err;
+	int i;
+
+	if (len < sizeof(struct can_filter))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	err = -ENOBUFS;
+	cm = kzalloc(sizeof(*cm), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (cm == NULL)
+		goto errout;
+
+	cm->sff_rules_count = 0;
+	cm->eff_rules_count = 0;
+	cm->rules_count = len/sizeof(struct can_filter);
+	err = -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Be sure to fit into the array */
+	if (cm->rules_count > EM_CAN_RULES_SIZE)
+		goto errout_free;
+
+	/*
+	 * We need two for() loops for copying rules into
+	 * two contiguous areas in rules_raw
+	 */
+
+	/* Process EFF frame rules*/
+	for (i = 0; i < cm->rules_count; i++) {
+		if ((conf[i].can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG) &&
+		    (conf[i].can_mask & CAN_EFF_FLAG)) {
+			memcpy(cm->rules_raw + cm->eff_rules_count,
+				&conf[i],
+				sizeof(struct can_filter));
+
+			cm->eff_rules_count++;
+		} else {
+			continue;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Process SFF frame rules */
+	for (i = 0; i < cm->rules_count; i++) {
+		if ((conf[i].can_id & CAN_EFF_FLAG) &&
+		    (conf[i].can_mask & CAN_EFF_FLAG)) {
+			continue;
+		} else {
+			memcpy(cm->rules_raw
+				+ cm->eff_rules_count
+				+ cm->sff_rules_count,
+				&conf[i], sizeof(struct can_filter));
+
+			cm->sff_rules_count++;
+
+			em_canid_sff_match_add(cm,
+				conf[i].can_id, conf[i].can_mask);
+		}
+	}
+
+	m->datalen = sizeof(*cm);
+	m->data = (unsigned long) cm;
+
+	return 0;
+
+errout_free:
+	kfree(cm);
+errout:
+	return err;
+}
+
+static void em_canid_destroy(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_ematch *m)
+{
+	struct canid_match *cm = em_canid_priv(m);
+
+	kfree(cm);
+}
+
+static int em_canid_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch *m)
+{
+	struct canid_match *cm = em_canid_priv(m);
+
+	/*
+	 * When configuring this ematch 'rules_count' is set not to exceed
+	 * 'rules_raw' array size
+	 */
+	if (nla_put_nohdr(skb, sizeof(cm->rules_raw[0]) * cm->rules_count,
+	    &cm->rules_raw) < 0)
+		goto nla_put_failure;
+
+	return 0;
+
+nla_put_failure:
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static struct tcf_ematch_ops em_canid_ops = {
+	.kind	  = TCF_EM_CANID,
+	.change	  = em_canid_change,
+	.match	  = em_canid_match,
+	.destroy  = em_canid_destroy,
+	.dump	  = em_canid_dump,
+	.owner	  = THIS_MODULE,
+	.link	  = LIST_HEAD_INIT(em_canid_ops.link)
+};
+
+static int __init init_em_canid(void)
+{
+	return tcf_em_register(&em_canid_ops);
+}
+
+static void __exit exit_em_canid(void)
+{
+	tcf_em_unregister(&em_canid_ops);
+}
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+module_init(init_em_canid);
+module_exit(exit_em_canid);
+
+MODULE_ALIAS_TCF_EMATCH(TCF_EM_CANID);
-- 
1.7.10

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