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Date:	Thu, 01 Nov 2012 11:17:58 -0400 (EDT)
From:	David Miller <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next] sk-filter: Add ability to get socket filter
 program (v2)

From: Pavel Emelyanov <>
Date: Thu, 01 Nov 2012 16:01:48 +0400

> The SO_ATTACH_FILTER option is set only. I propose to add the get
> ability by using SO_ATTACH_FILTER in getsockopt. To be less
> irritating to eyes the SO_GET_FILTER alias to it is declared. This
> ability is required by checkpoint-restore project to be able to 
> save full state of a socket. 
> There are two issues with getting filter back.
> First, kernel modifies the sock_filter->code on filter load, thus in
> order to return the filter element back to user we have to decode it
> into user-visible constants. Fortunately the modification in question
> is interconvertible.
> Second, the BPF_S_ALU_DIV_K code modifies the command argument k to
> speed up the run-time division by doing kernel_k = reciprocal(user_k).
> Bad news is that different user_k may result in same kernel_k, so we 
> can't get the original user_k back. Good news is that we don't have 
> to do it. What we need to is calculate a user2_k so, that
>   reciprocal(user2_k) == reciprocal(user_k) == kernel_k
> i.e. if it's re-loaded back the compiled again value will be exactly
> the same as it was. That said, the user2_k can be calculated like this
>   user2_k = reciprocal(kernel_k)
> with an exception, that if kernel_k == 0, then user2_k == 1.
> The optlen argument is treated like this -- when zero, kernel returns
> the amount of sock_fprog elements in filter, otherwise it should be
> large enough for the sock_fprog array.
> changes since v1:
> * Declared SO_GET_FILTER in all arch headers
> * Added decode of vlan-tag codes
> Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <>

Applied, thanks.
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