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Date:	Sat, 01 Dec 2012 19:07:56 +0100
From:	Sven Eckelmann <sven@...fation.org>
To:	b.a.t.m.a.n@...ts.open-mesh.org, bridge@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
	linux-rdma@...r.kernel.org, linux-s390@...r.kernel.org,
	Andy Gospodarek <andy@...yhouse.net>,
	Jay Vosburgh <fubar@...ibm.com>, Divy Le Ray <divy@...lsio.com>
Cc:	Simon Wunderlich <simon.wunderlich@...03.tu-chemnitz.de>,
	davem@...emloft.net, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
	Simon Wunderlich <siwu@....tu-chemnitz.de>
Subject: Re: [B.A.T.M.A.N.] [PATCH] net: fix possible deadlocks in rtnl_trylock/unlock

On Saturday 01 December 2012 18:29:51 Simon Wunderlich wrote:
> If rtnl_trylock() is used to prevent circular dependencies, rtnl_unlock()
> may destroy this attempt because it first unlocks rtnl_mutex but may
> lock it again later. The callgraph roughly looks like:
> 
> rtnl_unlock()
>    netdev_run_todo()
>       __rtnl_unlock()
>       netdev_wait_allrefs()
>          rtnl_lock()
>          ...
>          __rtnl_unlock()
> 
> There are two users which have possible deadlocks and are fixed in this
> patch: batman-adv and bridge. Their problematic access pattern is the same:
> 
> notifier_call handler:
>  * holds rtnl lock when called
>  * calls sysfs code at some point (acquiring sysfs locks)
> 
> sysfs code:
>  * holds sysfs lock when called
>  * calls rtnl_trylock() and rtnl_unlock(), rtnl_unlock() calls rtnl_lock
>    implicitly
> 
> Fix this by exporting __rtnl_unlock() to just unlock the mutex without
> implicitly locking again.
> 
> Reported-by: Sven Eckelmann <sven@...fation.org>
> Signed-off-by: Simon Wunderlich <siwu@....tu-chemnitz.de>
> 
> ---
> Of course, an alternative would be to not lock again after unlocking
> within rtnl_unlock(), or put the todo handling into the locked section.
> I'm not familiar enough with this code to know what would be best.
> 
> There are others using rtnl_trylock(), but I'm not sure if they
> are affected.

At least they look like they have a problem in a parallel user scenario 
involving another lock and locking order (most of them s_active or a device 
lock). So just to list the places and poke some other users. They can better 
decide for themself because they know the code.

drivers/infiniband/ulp/ipoib/ipoib_cm.c:  if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/infiniband/ulp/ipoib/ipoib_vlan.c:        if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/infiniband/ulp/ipoib/ipoib_vlan.c:        if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/bonding/bond_alb.c:                   if (!rtnl_trylock()) {
drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c:          if (!rtnl_trylock()) {
drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c:          if (!rtnl_trylock()) {
drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c:          if (!rtnl_trylock()) {
drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c:          if (!rtnl_trylock()) {
drivers/net/bonding/bond_sysfs.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/bonding/bond_sysfs.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/bonding/bond_sysfs.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/bonding/bond_sysfs.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/bonding/bond_sysfs.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/bonding/bond_sysfs.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
drivers/net/ethernet/chelsio/cxgb3/cxgb3_main.c:  if (!rtnl_trylock())    /* 
synchronize with ifdown */
drivers/s390/net/qeth_l2_main.c:          if (rtnl_trylock()) {
drivers/s390/net/qeth_l3_main.c:          if (rtnl_trylock()) {
net/bridge/br_sysfs_br.c: if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/bridge/br_sysfs_if.c:         if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/core/net-sysfs.c:     if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/core/net-sysfs.c:     if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/core/net-sysfs.c:     if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/core/net-sysfs.c:     if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/core/net-sysfs.c:     if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/ipv4/devinet.c:                       if (!rtnl_trylock()) {
net/ipv6/addrconf.c:      if (!rtnl_trylock())
net/ipv6/addrconf.c:      if (!rtnl_trylock())

Kind regards,
	Sven
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