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Date:	Tue, 11 Dec 2012 12:25:20 +0400
From:	Glauber Costa <>
To:	"Eric W. Biederman" <>
CC:	Serge Hallyn <>,
	Andrew Morton <>,
	Rui Xiang <>, <>,
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC 0/5] Containerize syslog

On 12/07/2012 10:05 PM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Glauber Costa <> writes:
>> I keep asking myself if it isn't the case of forwarding to a container
>> all messages printed in process context. That will obviously exclude all
>> messages resulting from kthreads - that will always be in the initial
>> namespace anyway, interrupts, etc. There is no harm, for instance, in
>> delivering the same message twice: one to the container, and the other
>> to the host system.
> Except that there is harm in double printing.  One of the better
> justifications for doing something with the kernel log is that it is
> possible to overflow the kernel log with operations performed
> exclusively in a container.
I don't agree with you here.

If we are double printing, we are using up more memory, but we also have
an extra buffer anyway. The messages are print on behalf of the user,
but still, by the kernel.

So one of the following will necessarily hold:

1) There is no way that the process can overflow the main log, and as a
consequence, the container log, that has less messages than it.

2) The process will overflow the main log. But since we are not printing
anything extra to the main log compared to the scenario in which the
process lives in the main namespace, this would already be a problem
independent of namespaces. And needs to be fixed.

IOW, double printing should not print anything *extra* to the main log.
It just prints to the container log, and leaves a copy to the box admin
to see. I think it is very reasonable to imagine that the main admin
would like to see anything the kernel has to tell him about the box.

> I do think the idea of process context printks going to the current
> container one worth playing with.

It still leaves the problem of prinkts outside process context that
should go to a namespace open. But it is easy to extend this idea to do

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