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Date:	Mon, 27 Jan 2014 09:22:51 +0100
From:	Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>
To:	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] net: ip, ipv6: handle gso skbs in forwarding path

Marcelo Ricardo Leitner reported problems when the forwarding link
path has a lower mtu than the incoming link if the inbound interface
supports GRO.

Given:
Host <mtu1500> R1 <mtu1200> R2

Host sends tcp stream which is routed via R1 and R2.  R1 performs GRO.

In this case, the kernel will fail to send ICMP fragmentation needed
messages (or pkt too big for ipv6), as gso packets currently bypass the
dst mtu checks in forward path. Instead, Linux tries to send out packets
exceeding R1-R2 link mtu.

When locking route MTU on Host (i.e., no ipv4 DF bit set), R1 does
not fragment the packets when forwarding, and again tries to send out
packets exceeding R1-R2 link mtu.

This alters the forwarding dstmtu checks to take the individual gso
segment lengths into account.

For ipv6, we send out pkt too big error for gso if the individual
segments are too big.

For ipv4, we either send icmp fragmentation needed, or, if the DF bit
is not set, perform software segmentation and let the output path
create fragments when the packet is leaving the machine.
It is not 100% correct as the error message will contain the headers of
the GRO skb instead of the original/segmented one, but it seems to
work fine in my (limited) tests.

Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>
---
Changes since V2:
 - make this thing apply to current -net tree
 - kill unused variables in ip_forward/ip6_output

Changes since V1:
 suggestions from Eric Dumazet:
  - skip more expensive computation for small packets in fwd path
  - use netif_skb_features() feature mask and remove GSO flags
    instead of using 0 feature set.

 include/linux/skbuff.h | 17 ++++++++++++++
 net/ipv4/ip_forward.c  | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 net/ipv6/ip6_output.c  | 17 ++++++++++++--
 3 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/skbuff.h b/include/linux/skbuff.h
index f589c9a..3ebbbe7 100644
--- a/include/linux/skbuff.h
+++ b/include/linux/skbuff.h
@@ -2916,5 +2916,22 @@ static inline bool skb_head_is_locked(const struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	return !skb->head_frag || skb_cloned(skb);
 }
+
+/**
+ * skb_gso_network_seglen - Return length of individual segments of a gso packet
+ *
+ * @skb: GSO skb
+ *
+ * skb_gso_network_seglen is used to determine the real size of the
+ * individual segments, including Layer3 (IP, IPv6) and L4 headers (TCP/UDP).
+ *
+ * The MAC/L2 header is not accounted for.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int skb_gso_network_seglen(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	unsigned int hdr_len = skb_transport_header(skb) -
+			       skb_network_header(skb);
+	return hdr_len + skb_gso_transport_seglen(skb);
+}
 #endif	/* __KERNEL__ */
 #endif	/* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
diff --git a/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c b/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c
index e9f1217..91c8f51 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c
@@ -39,6 +39,60 @@
 #include <net/route.h>
 #include <net/xfrm.h>
 
+static bool ip_may_fragment(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	return unlikely((ip_hdr(skb)->frag_off & htons(IP_DF)) == 0) ||
+	       !skb->local_df;
+}
+
+static bool ip_gso_exceeds_dst_mtu(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	if (skb->local_df || !skb_is_gso(skb))
+		return false;
+	return skb_gso_network_seglen(skb) > dst_mtu(skb_dst(skb));
+}
+
+static bool ip_exceeds_mtu(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu)
+{
+	if (skb->len <= mtu || skb->local_df)
+		return false;
+
+	if (skb_is_gso(skb) && skb_gso_network_seglen(skb) <= mtu)
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+/* called if GSO skb needs to be fragmented on forward.  */
+static int ip_forward_finish_gso(struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	netdev_features_t features = netif_skb_features(skb);
+	struct sk_buff *segs;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	segs = skb_gso_segment(skb, features & ~NETIF_F_GSO_MASK);
+	if (IS_ERR(segs)) {
+		kfree_skb(skb);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	consume_skb(skb);
+
+	do {
+		struct sk_buff *nskb = segs->next;
+		int err;
+
+		segs->next = NULL;
+		err = dst_output(segs);
+
+		if (err && ret == 0)
+			ret = err;
+		segs = nskb;
+	} while (segs);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int ip_forward_finish(struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	struct ip_options *opt	= &(IPCB(skb)->opt);
@@ -49,6 +103,9 @@ static int ip_forward_finish(struct sk_buff *skb)
 	if (unlikely(opt->optlen))
 		ip_forward_options(skb);
 
+	if (ip_gso_exceeds_dst_mtu(skb))
+		return ip_forward_finish_gso(skb);
+
 	return dst_output(skb);
 }
 
@@ -91,8 +148,7 @@ int ip_forward(struct sk_buff *skb)
 
 	IPCB(skb)->flags |= IPSKB_FORWARDED;
 	mtu = ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(&rt->dst, true);
-	if (unlikely(skb->len > mtu && !skb_is_gso(skb) &&
-		     (ip_hdr(skb)->frag_off & htons(IP_DF))) && !skb->local_df) {
+	if (!ip_may_fragment(skb) && ip_exceeds_mtu(skb, mtu)) {
 		IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(rt->dst.dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGFAILS);
 		icmp_send(skb, ICMP_DEST_UNREACH, ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED,
 			  htonl(mtu));
diff --git a/net/ipv6/ip6_output.c b/net/ipv6/ip6_output.c
index ef02b26..070a2fa 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/ip6_output.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/ip6_output.c
@@ -342,6 +342,20 @@ static unsigned int ip6_dst_mtu_forward(const struct dst_entry *dst)
 	return mtu;
 }
 
+static bool ip6_pkt_too_big(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu)
+{
+	if (skb->len <= mtu || skb->local_df)
+		return false;
+
+	if (IP6CB(skb)->frag_max_size && IP6CB(skb)->frag_max_size > mtu)
+		return true;
+
+	if (skb_is_gso(skb) && skb_gso_network_seglen(skb) <= mtu)
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb);
@@ -466,8 +480,7 @@ int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb)
 	if (mtu < IPV6_MIN_MTU)
 		mtu = IPV6_MIN_MTU;
 
-	if ((!skb->local_df && skb->len > mtu && !skb_is_gso(skb)) ||
-	    (IP6CB(skb)->frag_max_size && IP6CB(skb)->frag_max_size > mtu)) {
+	if (ip6_pkt_too_big(skb, mtu)) {
 		/* Again, force OUTPUT device used as source address */
 		skb->dev = dst->dev;
 		icmpv6_send(skb, ICMPV6_PKT_TOOBIG, 0, mtu);
-- 
1.8.1.5

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