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Date:	Mon, 3 Feb 2014 17:59:25 +0400
From:	Andrew Vagin <avagin@...allels.com>
To:	Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@...filter.org>
CC:	Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>, Andrey Vagin <avagin@...nvz.org>,
	<netfilter-devel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>,
	<netfilter@...r.kernel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <vvs@...nvz.org>,
	Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@...nvz.org>,
	Vasiliy Averin <vvs@...allels.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] [RFC] netfilter: nf_conntrack: don't relase a conntrack
 with non-zero refcnt

On Mon, Feb 03, 2014 at 12:30:46AM +0100, Pablo Neira Ayuso wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 16, 2014 at 10:23:01AM +0100, Florian Westphal wrote:
> > Andrew Vagin <avagin@...allels.com> wrote:
> > > > I think it would be nice if we could keep it that way.
> > > > If everything fails we could proably intoduce a 'larval' dummy list
> > > > similar to the one used by template conntracks?
> > > 
> > > I'm not sure, that this is required. Could you elaborate when this can
> > > be useful?
> > 
> > You can dump the lists via ctnetlink.  Its meant as a debugging aid in
> > case one suspects refcnt leaks.
> > 
> > Granted, in this situation there should be no leak since we put the newly
> > allocated entry in the error case.
> > 
> > > Now I see only overhead, because we need to take the nf_conntrack_lock
> > > lock to add conntrack in a list.
> > 
> > True. I don't have any preference, I guess I'd just do the insertion into the
> > unconfirmed list when we know we cannot track to keep the "unhashed"
> > bug trap in the destroy function.
> > 
> > Pablo, any preference?
> 
> I think we can initially set to zero the refcount and bump it once it
> gets into any of the lists, so Eric's golden rule also stands for
> conntracks that are released without being inserted in any list via
> nf_conntrack_free().
> 
> My idea was to use dying list to detect possible runtime leaks (ie.
> missing nf_ct_put somewhere), not simple leaks the initialization
> path, as you said, it would add too much overhead to catch them with
> the dying list, so we can skip those.
> 
> Please, let me know if you find any issue with this approach.

Hello Pablo,

I don't see any problem with this approach and I like it.
Thank you for the patch.

> diff --git a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
> index 01ea6ee..b2ac624 100644
> --- a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
> +++ b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
> @@ -284,6 +284,8 @@ extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max;
>  extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_hash_rnd;
>  void init_nf_conntrack_hash_rnd(void);
>  
> +void nf_conntrack_tmpl_insert(struct net *net, struct nf_conn *tmpl);
> +
>  #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count)	  __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count)
>  #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count)
>  
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
> index 4d1fb5d..bd5ec5a 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
> +++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
> @@ -448,7 +448,8 @@ nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct)
>  			goto out;
>  
>  	add_timer(&ct->timeout);
> -	nf_conntrack_get(&ct->ct_general);
> +	/* The caller holds a reference to this object */
> +	atomic_set(&ct->ct_general.use, 2);
>  	__nf_conntrack_hash_insert(ct, hash, repl_hash);
>  	NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, insert);
>  	spin_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
> @@ -462,6 +463,21 @@ out:
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert);
>  
> +/* deletion from this larval template list happens via nf_ct_put() */
> +void nf_conntrack_tmpl_insert(struct net *net, struct nf_conn *tmpl)
> +{
> +	__set_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &tmpl->status);
> +	__set_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &tmpl->status);
> +	nf_conntrack_get(&tmpl->ct_general);
> +
> +	spin_lock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
> +	/* Overload tuple linked list to put us in template list. */
> +	hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(&tmpl->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode,
> +				 &net->ct.tmpl);
> +	spin_unlock_bh(&nf_conntrack_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_tmpl_insert);
> +
>  /* Confirm a connection given skb; places it in hash table */
>  int
>  __nf_conntrack_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb)
> @@ -733,11 +749,11 @@ __nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, u16 zone,
>  		nf_ct_zone->id = zone;
>  	}
>  #endif
> -	/*
> -	 * changes to lookup keys must be done before setting refcnt to 1
> +	/* Because we use RCU lookups, we set ct_general.use to zero before
> +	 * this is inserted in any list.
>  	 */
>  	smp_wmb();
> -	atomic_set(&ct->ct_general.use, 1);
> +	atomic_set(&ct->ct_general.use, 0);
>  	return ct;
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES
> @@ -761,6 +777,11 @@ void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct)
>  {
>  	struct net *net = nf_ct_net(ct);
>  
> +	/* A freed object has refcnt == 0, thats
> +	 * the golden rule for SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU
> +	 */
> +	NF_CT_ASSERT(atomic_read(&ct->ct_general.use) == 0);
> +
>  	nf_ct_ext_destroy(ct);
>  	nf_ct_ext_free(ct);
>  	kmem_cache_free(net->ct.nf_conntrack_cachep, ct);
> @@ -856,6 +877,9 @@ init_conntrack(struct net *net, struct nf_conn *tmpl,
>  		NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, new);
>  	}
>  
> +	/* Now it is inserted into the hashes, bump refcount */
> +	nf_conntrack_get(&ct->ct_general);
> +
>  	/* Overload tuple linked list to put us in unconfirmed list. */
>  	hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode,
>  		       &net->ct.unconfirmed);
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_synproxy_core.c b/net/netfilter/nf_synproxy_core.c
> index 9858e3e..52e20c9 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/nf_synproxy_core.c
> +++ b/net/netfilter/nf_synproxy_core.c
> @@ -363,9 +363,8 @@ static int __net_init synproxy_net_init(struct net *net)
>  		goto err2;
>  	if (!nfct_synproxy_ext_add(ct))
>  		goto err2;
> -	__set_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status);
> -	__set_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status);
>  
> +	nf_conntrack_tmpl_insert(net, ct);
>  	snet->tmpl = ct;
>  
>  	snet->stats = alloc_percpu(struct synproxy_stats);
> @@ -390,7 +389,7 @@ static void __net_exit synproxy_net_exit(struct net *net)
>  {
>  	struct synproxy_net *snet = synproxy_pernet(net);
>  
> -	nf_conntrack_free(snet->tmpl);
> +	nf_ct_put(snet->tmpl);
>  	synproxy_proc_exit(net);
>  	free_percpu(snet->stats);
>  }
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_CT.c b/net/netfilter/xt_CT.c
> index 5929be6..75747ae 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/xt_CT.c
> +++ b/net/netfilter/xt_CT.c
> @@ -228,12 +228,7 @@ static int xt_ct_tg_check(const struct xt_tgchk_param *par,
>  			goto err3;
>  	}
>  
> -	__set_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status);
> -	__set_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status);
> -
> -	/* Overload tuple linked list to put us in template list. */
> -	hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode,
> -				 &par->net->ct.tmpl);
> +	nf_conntrack_tmpl_insert(par->net, ct);
>  out:
>  	info->ct = ct;
>  	return 0;

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