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Date:	Sat, 12 Apr 2014 19:06:36 +0200
From:	Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@...hat.com>
To:	Toshiaki Makita <toshiaki.makita1@...il.com>
CC:	Dennis Punjabi <linuxdev@...s.bz>,
	"netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	Atzm Watanabe <atzm@...atosphere.co.jp>
Subject: Re: 802.1AD packets - Kernel changes ether type from 88A8 to 8100
 on all packets.

[ please also cc Atzm if you refer to his patches ]

On 04/12/2014 06:20 PM, Toshiaki Makita wrote:
>       1. On Fri, 2014-04-11 at 11:01 +0000, Dennis Punjabi wrote:
>> Background:
>> 1) I need to setup a Linux software bridge and ensure that packets coming in on one bridge port exit unchanged on another bridge port, like a normal HW bridge.
>> 2) I need to use the new vlan filtering capability of the bridge. Good news of this feature is made in the kernel announcement of release 3.9 @ http://kernelnewbies.org/Linux_3.9
>> 3) I need to test what presently happens to 802.1AD tagged packets when bridge vlan filtering is enabled because I also need support for Q-in-Q.
>>
>> I am using a packet generator (Ostinato) and creating 802.1AD packets as follows:
>>
>> (MAC_HDR)           (8021AD_HDR)   (8021Q HDR)  (PAYLOAD)
>>
>> (DA | SA | TYPE)    (TCI | TPID)        (TCI | TPID)    (TEST PAYLOAD - ARP BCAST PACKET)
>>
>> (DA | SA | 88A8)    (TCI | 8100)         (TCI | 0806)    (TEST PAYLOAD - ARP BCAST PACKET)
>>
>> (hopefully the alignment is ok above, if not I apologize and hope its clear enough)
>>
>> Even before setting up the the bridge, I want to ensure that packets are being received properly to my system.
>> I do a tcpdump output for the port receiving the generated packets.
>>
>> What I notice is that the 88A8 TPIC/ether type get changed to 8100.
>> Ie, all packets with ether type 802.1AD get changed to 802.1Q type, ie 8100.
>> I initially tested this on a 3.14 vanilla kernel.
>
> Hi.
>
> Though I'm not an expert with libpcap, I feel tcpdump sometimes shows a
> wrong vlan protocol (if vlan_tci is used).
>
> Maybe this topic has relevance?
>
> packet: deliver VLAN TPID to userspace
> http://marc.info/?l=linux-netdev&m=138728859001934&w=2
> http://marc.info/?l=linux-netdev&m=138728859601935&w=2
> http://marc.info/?l=linux-netdev&m=138728860101937&w=2
> http://marc.info/?l=linux-netdev&m=138728860601939&w=2

The issue seems not to be in AF_PACKET as it just 'playes dumb' and propagates
what has been set in the skb as metadata to user space e.g., see ...

@@ -1925,9 +1928,11 @@ static int tpacket_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev,
  		h.h2->tp_nsec = ts.tv_nsec;
  		if (vlan_tx_tag_present(skb)) {
  			h.h2->tp_vlan_tci = vlan_tx_tag_get(skb);
-			status |= TP_STATUS_VLAN_VALID;
+			h.h2->tp_vlan_tpid = ntohs(skb->vlan_proto);
+			status |= TP_STATUS_VLAN_VALID | TP_STATUS_VLAN_TPID_VALID;
  		} else {
  			h.h2->tp_vlan_tci = 0;
+			h.h2->tp_vlan_tpid = 0;
  		}
  		memset(h.h2->tp_padding, 0, sizeof(h.h2->tp_padding));
  		hdrlen = sizeof(*h.h2);

... so the patches look good to me in that regard.

libpcap does some ugly hacks in case of vlan and seems to reinserts vlan
header manually if it detects that vlan information was stripped in the
packet itself and passed via aux data. I would suspect that perhaps
something is not correct in that area ... at first glance, have a look
what they are doing (pcap-linux.c):

...
#if defined(HAVE_PACKET_AUXDATA) && defined(HAVE_LINUX_TPACKET_AUXDATA_TP_VLAN_TCI)
         if (handlep->vlan_offset != -1) {
                 for (cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(&msg); cmsg; cmsg = CMSG_NXTHDR(&msg, cmsg)) {
                         struct tpacket_auxdata *aux;
                         unsigned int len;
                         struct vlan_tag *tag;

                         ....

                         aux = (struct tpacket_auxdata *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg);

                         ...

                         bp -= VLAN_TAG_LEN;
                         memmove(bp, bp + VLAN_TAG_LEN, handlep->vlan_offset);

                         tag = (struct vlan_tag *)(bp + handlep->vlan_offset);
                         tag->vlan_tpid = htons(ETH_P_8021Q);
                         tag->vlan_tci = htons(aux->tp_vlan_tci);

                         packet_len += VLAN_TAG_LEN;
                 }
         }
#endif /* defined(HAVE_PACKET_AUXDATA) && defined(HAVE_LINUX_TPACKET_AUXDATA_TP_VLAN_TCI) */
#endif /* HAVE_PF_PACKET_SOCKETS */
...

> Thanks,
> Toshiaki Makita
>
>>
>> I recompiled my 8139too.c driver and printed printk the packets in the driver before they are handed over to netif_receive_skb.
>> Before being passed to the kernel networking stack the packet is as it is supposed to be, ie it has the correct 88A8 ether type.
>>
>> I went ahead and tested this on kernel 3.12, 3.11, 3.10. I Saw the same result.
>>
>> I also tested it on 3.9, 3.8 and 2.6 and these kernels did not change the 88A8 to 8100.
>>
>> Is this intentional or a bug? Does this have something to do with the addition of the new feature (vlan: Add 802.1ad support) announced in kernel 3.10? http://kernelnewbies.org/Linux_3.10
>>
>> I have been following the net-dev mailing lists and want to test the bridge 802.1AD filtering feature discussed here http://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-ethernet-bridging/msg05207.html but cannot do so if the bridge does not even get the 802.1AD tagged packets to begin with.
>>
>> Assuming I don't want to use filtering and just want a simple bridge. The expected behaviour is that the bridge must not change my packet and should simply pass it along. Is my thinking correct?
>>
>> Thanks for any help provided.
>>
>> Dennis
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