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Date:	Fri, 25 Jul 2014 21:28:36 -0700
From:	John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>
To:	xiyou.wangcong@...il.com, jhs@...atatu.com, eric.dumazet@...il.com
Cc:	netdev@...r.kernel.org, paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com,
	brouer@...hat.com
Subject: [net-next PATCH v1 07/15] net: sched: RCU cls_route

RCUify the route classifier. For now however spinlock's are used to
protect fastmap cache.

The issue here is the fastmap may be read by one CPU while the
cache is being updated by another. An array of pointers could be
one possible solution.

Signed-off-by: John Fastabend <john.r.fastabend@...el.com>
---
 net/sched/cls_route.c |  224 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 1 file changed, 131 insertions(+), 93 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/sched/cls_route.c b/net/sched/cls_route.c
index dd9fc25..6911c88 100644
--- a/net/sched/cls_route.c
+++ b/net/sched/cls_route.c
@@ -29,25 +29,26 @@
  *    are mutually  exclusive.
  * 3. "to TAG from ANY" has higher priority, than "to ANY from XXX"
  */
-
 struct route4_fastmap {
-	struct route4_filter	*filter;
-	u32			id;
-	int			iif;
+	struct route4_filter		*filter;
+	u32				id;
+	int				iif;
 };
 
 struct route4_head {
-	struct route4_fastmap	fastmap[16];
-	struct route4_bucket	*table[256 + 1];
+	struct route4_fastmap		fastmap[16];
+	struct route4_bucket __rcu	*table[256 + 1];
+	struct rcu_head			rcu;
 };
 
 struct route4_bucket {
 	/* 16 FROM buckets + 16 IIF buckets + 1 wildcard bucket */
-	struct route4_filter	*ht[16 + 16 + 1];
+	struct route4_filter __rcu	*ht[16 + 16 + 1];
+	struct rcu_head			rcu;
 };
 
 struct route4_filter {
-	struct route4_filter	*next;
+	struct route4_filter __rcu	*next;
 	u32			id;
 	int			iif;
 
@@ -55,6 +56,8 @@ struct route4_filter {
 	struct tcf_exts		exts;
 	u32			handle;
 	struct route4_bucket	*bkt;
+	struct tcf_proto	*tp;
+	struct rcu_head		rcu;
 };
 
 #define ROUTE4_FAILURE ((struct route4_filter *)(-1L))
@@ -64,14 +67,13 @@ static inline int route4_fastmap_hash(u32 id, int iif)
 	return id & 0xF;
 }
 
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fastmap_lock);
 static void
-route4_reset_fastmap(struct Qdisc *q, struct route4_head *head, u32 id)
+route4_reset_fastmap(struct route4_head *head)
 {
-	spinlock_t *root_lock = qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q);
-
-	spin_lock_bh(root_lock);
+	spin_lock_bh(&fastmap_lock);
 	memset(head->fastmap, 0, sizeof(head->fastmap));
-	spin_unlock_bh(root_lock);
+	spin_unlock_bh(&fastmap_lock);
 }
 
 static void
@@ -80,9 +82,12 @@ route4_set_fastmap(struct route4_head *head, u32 id, int iif,
 {
 	int h = route4_fastmap_hash(id, iif);
 
+	/* fastmap updates must look atomic to aling id, iff, filter */
+	spin_lock_bh(&fastmap_lock);
 	head->fastmap[h].id = id;
 	head->fastmap[h].iif = iif;
 	head->fastmap[h].filter = f;
+	spin_unlock_bh(&fastmap_lock);
 }
 
 static inline int route4_hash_to(u32 id)
@@ -123,7 +128,7 @@ static inline int route4_hash_wild(void)
 static int route4_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp,
 			   struct tcf_result *res)
 {
-	struct route4_head *head = tp->root;
+	struct route4_head *head = rcu_dereference_bh(tp->root);
 	struct dst_entry *dst;
 	struct route4_bucket *b;
 	struct route4_filter *f;
@@ -141,32 +146,43 @@ static int route4_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp,
 	iif = inet_iif(skb);
 
 	h = route4_fastmap_hash(id, iif);
+
+	spin_lock(&fastmap_lock);
 	if (id == head->fastmap[h].id &&
 	    iif == head->fastmap[h].iif &&
 	    (f = head->fastmap[h].filter) != NULL) {
-		if (f == ROUTE4_FAILURE)
+		if (f == ROUTE4_FAILURE) {
+			spin_unlock(&fastmap_lock);
 			goto failure;
+		}
 
 		*res = f->res;
+		spin_unlock(&fastmap_lock);
 		return 0;
 	}
+	spin_unlock(&fastmap_lock);
 
 	h = route4_hash_to(id);
 
 restart:
-	b = head->table[h];
+	b = rcu_dereference_bh(head->table[h]);
 	if (b) {
-		for (f = b->ht[route4_hash_from(id)]; f; f = f->next)
+		for (f = rcu_dereference_bh(b->ht[route4_hash_from(id)]);
+		     f;
+		     f = rcu_dereference_bh(f->next))
 			if (f->id == id)
 				ROUTE4_APPLY_RESULT();
 
-		for (f = b->ht[route4_hash_iif(iif)]; f; f = f->next)
+		for (f = rcu_dereference_bh(b->ht[route4_hash_iif(iif)]);
+		     f;
+		     f = rcu_dereference_bh(f->next))
 			if (f->iif == iif)
 				ROUTE4_APPLY_RESULT();
 
-		for (f = b->ht[route4_hash_wild()]; f; f = f->next)
+		for (f = rcu_dereference_bh(b->ht[route4_hash_wild()]);
+		     f;
+		     f = rcu_dereference_bh(f->next))
 			ROUTE4_APPLY_RESULT();
-
 	}
 	if (h < 256) {
 		h = 256;
@@ -213,7 +229,7 @@ static inline u32 from_hash(u32 id)
 
 static unsigned long route4_get(struct tcf_proto *tp, u32 handle)
 {
-	struct route4_head *head = tp->root;
+	struct route4_head *head = rtnl_dereference(tp->root);
 	struct route4_bucket *b;
 	struct route4_filter *f;
 	unsigned int h1, h2;
@@ -229,9 +245,11 @@ static unsigned long route4_get(struct tcf_proto *tp, u32 handle)
 	if (h2 > 32)
 		return 0;
 
-	b = head->table[h1];
+	b = rtnl_dereference(head->table[h1]);
 	if (b) {
-		for (f = b->ht[h2]; f; f = f->next)
+		for (f = rtnl_dereference(b->ht[h2]);
+		     f;
+		     f = rtnl_dereference(f->next))
 			if (f->handle == handle)
 				return (unsigned long)f;
 	}
@@ -248,8 +266,11 @@ static int route4_init(struct tcf_proto *tp)
 }
 
 static void
-route4_delete_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct route4_filter *f)
+route4_delete_filter(struct rcu_head *head)
 {
+	struct route4_filter *f = container_of(head, struct route4_filter, rcu);
+	struct tcf_proto *tp = f->tp;
+
 	tcf_unbind_filter(tp, &f->res);
 	tcf_exts_destroy(tp, &f->exts);
 	kfree(f);
@@ -257,7 +278,7 @@ route4_delete_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct route4_filter *f)
 
 static void route4_destroy(struct tcf_proto *tp)
 {
-	struct route4_head *head = tp->root;
+	struct route4_head *head = rtnl_dereference(tp->root);
 	int h1, h2;
 
 	if (head == NULL)
@@ -266,28 +287,35 @@ static void route4_destroy(struct tcf_proto *tp)
 	for (h1 = 0; h1 <= 256; h1++) {
 		struct route4_bucket *b;
 
-		b = head->table[h1];
+		b = rtnl_dereference(head->table[h1]);
 		if (b) {
 			for (h2 = 0; h2 <= 32; h2++) {
 				struct route4_filter *f;
 
-				while ((f = b->ht[h2]) != NULL) {
-					b->ht[h2] = f->next;
-					route4_delete_filter(tp, f);
+				while ((f = rtnl_dereference(b->ht[h2])) != NULL) {
+					struct route4_filter *next;
+
+					next = rtnl_dereference(f->next);
+					rcu_assign_pointer(b->ht[h2], next);
+					call_rcu(&f->rcu, route4_delete_filter);
 				}
 			}
-			kfree(b);
+			RCU_INIT_POINTER(head->table[h1], NULL);
+			kfree_rcu(b, rcu);
 		}
 	}
-	kfree(head);
+	RCU_INIT_POINTER(tp->root, NULL);
+	kfree_rcu(head, rcu);
 }
 
 static int route4_delete(struct tcf_proto *tp, unsigned long arg)
 {
-	struct route4_head *head = tp->root;
-	struct route4_filter **fp, *f = (struct route4_filter *)arg;
-	unsigned int h = 0;
+	struct route4_head *head = rtnl_dereference(tp->root);
+	struct route4_filter *f = (struct route4_filter *)arg;
+	struct route4_filter __rcu **fp;
+	struct route4_filter *nf;
 	struct route4_bucket *b;
+	unsigned int h = 0;
 	int i;
 
 	if (!head || !f)
@@ -296,27 +324,35 @@ static int route4_delete(struct tcf_proto *tp, unsigned long arg)
 	h = f->handle;
 	b = f->bkt;
 
-	for (fp = &b->ht[from_hash(h >> 16)]; *fp; fp = &(*fp)->next) {
-		if (*fp == f) {
-			tcf_tree_lock(tp);
+	fp = &b->ht[from_hash(h >> 16)];
+	for (nf = rtnl_dereference(*fp); nf;
+	     fp = &nf->next, nf = rtnl_dereference(*fp)) {
+		if (nf == f) {
+			/* unlink it */
 			*fp = f->next;
-			tcf_tree_unlock(tp);
 
-			route4_reset_fastmap(tp->q, head, f->id);
-			route4_delete_filter(tp, f);
+			/* Remove any fastmap lookups that might ref filter
+			 * notice we unlink'd the filter so we can't get it
+			 * back in the fastmap.
+			 */
+			route4_reset_fastmap(head);
 
-			/* Strip tree */
+			/* Delete it */
+			call_rcu(&f->rcu, route4_delete_filter);
 
-			for (i = 0; i <= 32; i++)
-				if (b->ht[i])
+			/* Strip RTNL protected tree */
+			for (i = 0; i <= 32; i++) {
+				struct route4_filter *rt;
+
+				rt = rtnl_dereference(b->ht[i]);
+				if (rt)
 					return 0;
+			}
 
 			/* OK, session has no flows */
-			tcf_tree_lock(tp);
-			head->table[to_hash(h)] = NULL;
-			tcf_tree_unlock(tp);
+			RCU_INIT_POINTER(head->table[to_hash(h)], NULL);
+			kfree_rcu(b, rcu);
 
-			kfree(b);
 			return 0;
 		}
 	}
@@ -380,26 +416,25 @@ static int route4_set_parms(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp,
 	}
 
 	h1 = to_hash(nhandle);
-	b = head->table[h1];
+	b = rtnl_dereference(head->table[h1]);
 	if (!b) {
 		err = -ENOBUFS;
 		b = kzalloc(sizeof(struct route4_bucket), GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (b == NULL)
 			goto errout;
 
-		tcf_tree_lock(tp);
-		head->table[h1] = b;
-		tcf_tree_unlock(tp);
+		rcu_assign_pointer(head->table[h1], b);
 	} else {
 		unsigned int h2 = from_hash(nhandle >> 16);
 
 		err = -EEXIST;
-		for (fp = b->ht[h2]; fp; fp = fp->next)
+		for (fp = rtnl_dereference(b->ht[h2]);
+		     fp;
+		     fp = rtnl_dereference(fp->next))
 			if (fp->handle == f->handle)
 				goto errout;
 	}
 
-	tcf_tree_lock(tp);
 	if (tb[TCA_ROUTE4_TO])
 		f->id = to;
 
@@ -410,7 +445,7 @@ static int route4_set_parms(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp,
 
 	f->handle = nhandle;
 	f->bkt = b;
-	tcf_tree_unlock(tp);
+	f->tp = tp;
 
 	if (tb[TCA_ROUTE4_CLASSID]) {
 		f->res.classid = nla_get_u32(tb[TCA_ROUTE4_CLASSID]);
@@ -431,14 +466,15 @@ static int route4_change(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *in_skb,
 		       struct nlattr **tca,
 		       unsigned long *arg, bool ovr)
 {
-	struct route4_head *head = tp->root;
-	struct route4_filter *f, *f1, **fp;
+	struct route4_head *head = rtnl_dereference(tp->root);
+	struct route4_filter __rcu **fp;
+	struct route4_filter *fold, *f1, *pfp, *f = NULL;
 	struct route4_bucket *b;
 	struct nlattr *opt = tca[TCA_OPTIONS];
 	struct nlattr *tb[TCA_ROUTE4_MAX + 1];
 	unsigned int h, th;
-	u32 old_handle = 0;
 	int err;
+	bool new = true;
 
 	if (opt == NULL)
 		return handle ? -EINVAL : 0;
@@ -447,70 +483,70 @@ static int route4_change(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *in_skb,
 	if (err < 0)
 		return err;
 
-	f = (struct route4_filter *)*arg;
-	if (f) {
-		if (f->handle != handle && handle)
+	fold = (struct route4_filter *)*arg;
+	if (fold && handle && fold->handle != handle)
 			return -EINVAL;
 
-		if (f->bkt)
-			old_handle = f->handle;
-
-		err = route4_set_parms(net, tp, base, f, handle, head, tb,
-			tca[TCA_RATE], 0, ovr);
-		if (err < 0)
-			return err;
-
-		goto reinsert;
-	}
-
 	err = -ENOBUFS;
 	if (head == NULL) {
 		head = kzalloc(sizeof(struct route4_head), GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (head == NULL)
 			goto errout;
-
-		tcf_tree_lock(tp);
-		tp->root = head;
-		tcf_tree_unlock(tp);
+		rcu_assign_pointer(tp->root, head);
 	}
 
 	f = kzalloc(sizeof(struct route4_filter), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (f == NULL)
+	if (!f)
 		goto errout;
 
 	tcf_exts_init(&f->exts, TCA_ROUTE4_ACT, TCA_ROUTE4_POLICE);
+	if (fold) {
+		f->id = fold->id;
+		f->iif = fold->iif;
+		f->res = fold->res;
+		f->handle = fold->handle;
+
+		f->tp = fold->tp;
+		f->bkt = fold->bkt;
+		new = false;
+	}
+
 	err = route4_set_parms(net, tp, base, f, handle, head, tb,
-		tca[TCA_RATE], 1, ovr);
+			       tca[TCA_RATE], new, ovr);
 	if (err < 0)
 		goto errout;
 
-reinsert:
 	h = from_hash(f->handle >> 16);
-	for (fp = &f->bkt->ht[h]; (f1 = *fp) != NULL; fp = &f1->next)
+	fp = &f->bkt->ht[h];
+	for (pfp = rtnl_dereference(*fp);
+	     (f1 = rtnl_dereference(*fp)) != NULL;
+	     fp = &f1->next)
 		if (f->handle < f1->handle)
 			break;
 
-	f->next = f1;
-	tcf_tree_lock(tp);
-	*fp = f;
+	rcu_assign_pointer(f->next, f1);
+	rcu_assign_pointer(*fp, f);
 
-	if (old_handle && f->handle != old_handle) {
-		th = to_hash(old_handle);
-		h = from_hash(old_handle >> 16);
-		b = head->table[th];
+	if (fold && fold->handle && f->handle != fold->handle) {
+		th = to_hash(fold->handle);
+		h = from_hash(fold->handle >> 16);
+		b = rtnl_dereference(head->table[th]);
 		if (b) {
-			for (fp = &b->ht[h]; *fp; fp = &(*fp)->next) {
-				if (*fp == f) {
+			fp = &b->ht[h];
+			for (pfp = rtnl_dereference(*fp); pfp;
+			     fp = &pfp->next, pfp = rtnl_dereference(*fp)) {
+				if (pfp == f) {
 					*fp = f->next;
 					break;
 				}
 			}
 		}
 	}
-	tcf_tree_unlock(tp);
 
-	route4_reset_fastmap(tp->q, head, f->id);
+	route4_reset_fastmap(head);
 	*arg = (unsigned long)f;
+	if (fold)
+		call_rcu(&fold->rcu, route4_delete_filter);
 	return 0;
 
 errout:
@@ -520,7 +556,7 @@ errout:
 
 static void route4_walk(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_walker *arg)
 {
-	struct route4_head *head = tp->root;
+	struct route4_head *head = rtnl_dereference(tp->root);
 	unsigned int h, h1;
 
 	if (head == NULL)
@@ -530,13 +566,15 @@ static void route4_walk(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_walker *arg)
 		return;
 
 	for (h = 0; h <= 256; h++) {
-		struct route4_bucket *b = head->table[h];
+		struct route4_bucket *b = rtnl_dereference(head->table[h]);
 
 		if (b) {
 			for (h1 = 0; h1 <= 32; h1++) {
 				struct route4_filter *f;
 
-				for (f = b->ht[h1]; f; f = f->next) {
+				for (f = rtnl_dereference(b->ht[h1]);
+				     f;
+				     f = rtnl_dereference(f->next)) {
 					if (arg->count < arg->skip) {
 						arg->count++;
 						continue;

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