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Date:	Thu, 21 Aug 2014 14:57:15 -0700 (PDT)
From:	David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
To:	Benjamin Block <bebl@...eta.org>
cc:	"David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
	Alexey Kuznetsov <kuznet@....inr.ac.ru>,
	James Morris <jmorris@...ei.org>,
	Hideaki YOSHIFUJI <yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org>,
	Patrick McHardy <kaber@...sh.net>, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@...hat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] net: ipv6: fib: don't sleep inside atomic lock

On Thu, 21 Aug 2014, Benjamin Block wrote:

> The function fib6_commit_metrics() allocates a piece of memory in mode
> GFP_KERNEL while holding an atomic lock from higher up in the stack, in
> the function __ip6_ins_rt(). This produces the following BUG:
> 
> > BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at mm/slub.c:1250
> > in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 2909, name: dhcpcd
> > 2 locks held by dhcpcd/2909:
> >  #0:  (rtnl_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff81978e67>] rtnl_lock+0x17/0x20
> >  #1:  (&tb->tb6_lock){++--+.}, at: [<ffffffff81a6951a>] ip6_route_add+0x65a/0x800
> > CPU: 1 PID: 2909 Comm: dhcpcd Not tainted 3.17.0-rc1 #1
> > Hardware name: ASUS All Series/Q87T, BIOS 0216 10/16/2013
> >  0000000000000008 ffff8800c8f13858 ffffffff81af135a 0000000000000000
> >  ffff880212202430 ffff8800c8f13878 ffffffff810f8d3a ffff880212202c98
> >  0000000000000010 ffff8800c8f138c8 ffffffff8121ad0e 0000000000000001
> > Call Trace:
> >  [<ffffffff81af135a>] dump_stack+0x4e/0x68
> >  [<ffffffff810f8d3a>] __might_sleep+0x10a/0x120
> >  [<ffffffff8121ad0e>] kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0x4e/0x190
> >  [<ffffffff81a6bcd6>] ? fib6_commit_metrics+0x66/0x110
> >  [<ffffffff81a6bcd6>] fib6_commit_metrics+0x66/0x110
> >  [<ffffffff81a6cbf3>] fib6_add+0x883/0xa80
> >  [<ffffffff81a6951a>] ? ip6_route_add+0x65a/0x800
> >  [<ffffffff81a69535>] ip6_route_add+0x675/0x800
> >  [<ffffffff81a68f2a>] ? ip6_route_add+0x6a/0x800
> >  [<ffffffff81a6990c>] inet6_rtm_newroute+0x5c/0x80
> >  [<ffffffff8197cf01>] rtnetlink_rcv_msg+0x211/0x260
> >  [<ffffffff81978e67>] ? rtnl_lock+0x17/0x20
> >  [<ffffffff81119708>] ? lock_release_holdtime+0x28/0x180
> >  [<ffffffff81978e67>] ? rtnl_lock+0x17/0x20
> >  [<ffffffff8197ccf0>] ? __rtnl_unlock+0x20/0x20
> >  [<ffffffff819a989e>] netlink_rcv_skb+0x6e/0xd0
> >  [<ffffffff81978ee5>] rtnetlink_rcv+0x25/0x40
> >  [<ffffffff819a8e59>] netlink_unicast+0xd9/0x180
> >  [<ffffffff819a9600>] netlink_sendmsg+0x700/0x770
> >  [<ffffffff81103735>] ? local_clock+0x25/0x30
> >  [<ffffffff8194e83c>] sock_sendmsg+0x6c/0x90
> >  [<ffffffff811f98e3>] ? might_fault+0xa3/0xb0
> >  [<ffffffff8195ca6d>] ? verify_iovec+0x7d/0xf0
> >  [<ffffffff8194ec3e>] ___sys_sendmsg+0x37e/0x3b0
> >  [<ffffffff8111ef15>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x185/0x220
> >  [<ffffffff81af979e>] ? mutex_unlock+0xe/0x10
> >  [<ffffffff819a55ec>] ? netlink_insert+0xbc/0xe0
> >  [<ffffffff819a65e5>] ? netlink_autobind.isra.30+0x125/0x150
> >  [<ffffffff819a6520>] ? netlink_autobind.isra.30+0x60/0x150
> >  [<ffffffff819a84f9>] ? netlink_bind+0x159/0x230
> >  [<ffffffff811f989a>] ? might_fault+0x5a/0xb0
> >  [<ffffffff8194f25e>] ? SYSC_bind+0x7e/0xd0
> >  [<ffffffff8194f8cd>] __sys_sendmsg+0x4d/0x80
> >  [<ffffffff8194f912>] SyS_sendmsg+0x12/0x20
> >  [<ffffffff81afc692>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> 
> Fixing this by replacing the mode GFP_KERNEL with GFP_ATOMIC.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Block <bebl@...eta.org>
> ---
>  net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c b/net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c
> index cb4459b..76b7f5e 100644
> --- a/net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c
> +++ b/net/ipv6/ip6_fib.c
> @@ -643,7 +643,7 @@ static int fib6_commit_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst,
>  	if (dst->flags & DST_HOST) {
>  		mp = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dst);
>  	} else {
> -		mp = kzalloc(sizeof(u32) * RTAX_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
> +		mp = kzalloc(sizeof(u32) * RTAX_MAX, GFP_ATOMIC);
>  		if (!mp)
>  			return -ENOMEM;
>  		dst_init_metrics(dst, mp, 0);

Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>

Your patch is obviously good, but this kzalloc() could also be turned into 
kcalloc() if you're so inclined.
--
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