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Date:	Tue, 26 Aug 2014 21:15:17 -0700
From:	Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@...il.com>
To:	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>
Cc:	Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@...il.com>, Jiang Liu <liuj97@...il.com>,
	AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@...aro.org>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
	Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@...hat.com>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...mgrid.com>,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCHv2 01/14] arm64: introduce aarch64_insn_gen_comp_branch_imm()

Introduce function to generate compare & branch (immediate)
instructions.

Signed-off-by: Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@...il.com>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c      | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
index dc1f73b..a98c495 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
@@ -2,6 +2,8 @@
  * Copyright (C) 2013 Huawei Ltd.
  * Author: Jiang Liu <liuj97@...il.com>
  *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@...il.com>
+ *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
  * published by the Free Software Foundation.
@@ -67,9 +69,58 @@ enum aarch64_insn_imm_type {
 	AARCH64_INSN_IMM_MAX
 };
 
+enum aarch64_insn_register_type {
+	AARCH64_INSN_REGTYPE_RT,
+};
+
+enum aarch64_insn_register {
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_0  = 0,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_1  = 1,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_2  = 2,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_3  = 3,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_4  = 4,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_5  = 5,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_6  = 6,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_7  = 7,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_8  = 8,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_9  = 9,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_10 = 10,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_11 = 11,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_12 = 12,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_13 = 13,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_14 = 14,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_15 = 15,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_16 = 16,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_17 = 17,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_18 = 18,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_19 = 19,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_20 = 20,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_21 = 21,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_22 = 22,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_23 = 23,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_24 = 24,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_25 = 25,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_26 = 26,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_27 = 27,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_28 = 28,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_29 = 29,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_FP = 29, /* Frame pointer */
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_30 = 30,
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_LR = 30, /* Link register */
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_ZR = 31, /* Zero: as source register */
+	AARCH64_INSN_REG_SP = 31  /* Stack pointer: as load/store base reg */
+};
+
+enum aarch64_insn_variant {
+	AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_32BIT,
+	AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_64BIT
+};
+
 enum aarch64_insn_branch_type {
 	AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_NOLINK,
 	AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_LINK,
+	AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_COMP_ZERO,
+	AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_COMP_NONZERO,
 };
 
 #define	__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(abbr, mask, val)	\
@@ -80,6 +131,8 @@ static __always_inline u32 aarch64_insn_get_##abbr##_value(void) \
 
 __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(b,		0xFC000000, 0x14000000)
 __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(bl,	0xFC000000, 0x94000000)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(cbz,	0xFE000000, 0x34000000)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(cbnz,	0xFE000000, 0x35000000)
 __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(svc,	0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000001)
 __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(hvc,	0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000002)
 __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(smc,	0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000003)
@@ -97,6 +150,10 @@ u32 aarch64_insn_encode_immediate(enum aarch64_insn_imm_type type,
 				  u32 insn, u64 imm);
 u32 aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
 				enum aarch64_insn_branch_type type);
+u32 aarch64_insn_gen_comp_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
+				     enum aarch64_insn_register reg,
+				     enum aarch64_insn_variant variant,
+				     enum aarch64_insn_branch_type type);
 u32 aarch64_insn_gen_hint(enum aarch64_insn_hint_op op);
 u32 aarch64_insn_gen_nop(void);
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
index 92f3683..d9f7827 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
@@ -2,6 +2,8 @@
  * Copyright (C) 2013 Huawei Ltd.
  * Author: Jiang Liu <liuj97@...il.com>
  *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@...il.com>
+ *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
  * published by the Free Software Foundation.
@@ -23,6 +25,8 @@
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
 #include <asm/insn.h>
 
+#define AARCH64_INSN_SF_BIT	BIT(31)
+
 static int aarch64_insn_encoding_class[] = {
 	AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
 	AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
@@ -264,10 +268,36 @@ u32 __kprobes aarch64_insn_encode_immediate(enum aarch64_insn_imm_type type,
 	return insn;
 }
 
-u32 __kprobes aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
-					  enum aarch64_insn_branch_type type)
+static u32 aarch64_insn_encode_register(enum aarch64_insn_register_type type,
+					u32 insn,
+					enum aarch64_insn_register reg)
+{
+	int shift;
+
+	if (reg < AARCH64_INSN_REG_0 || reg > AARCH64_INSN_REG_SP) {
+		pr_err("%s: unknown register encoding %d\n", __func__, reg);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	switch (type) {
+	case AARCH64_INSN_REGTYPE_RT:
+		shift = 0;
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("%s: unknown register type encoding %d\n", __func__,
+		       type);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	insn &= ~(GENMASK(4, 0) << shift);
+	insn |= reg << shift;
+
+	return insn;
+}
+
+static inline long branch_imm_common(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
+				     long range)
 {
-	u32 insn;
 	long offset;
 
 	/*
@@ -276,13 +306,24 @@ u32 __kprobes aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
 	 */
 	BUG_ON((pc & 0x3) || (addr & 0x3));
 
+	offset = ((long)addr - (long)pc);
+	BUG_ON(offset < -range || offset >= range);
+
+	return offset;
+}
+
+u32 __kprobes aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
+					  enum aarch64_insn_branch_type type)
+{
+	u32 insn;
+	long offset;
+
 	/*
 	 * B/BL support [-128M, 128M) offset
 	 * ARM64 virtual address arrangement guarantees all kernel and module
 	 * texts are within +/-128M.
 	 */
-	offset = ((long)addr - (long)pc);
-	BUG_ON(offset < -SZ_128M || offset >= SZ_128M);
+	offset = branch_imm_common(pc, addr, SZ_128M);
 
 	if (type == AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_LINK)
 		insn = aarch64_insn_get_bl_value();
@@ -293,6 +334,43 @@ u32 __kprobes aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
 					     offset >> 2);
 }
 
+u32 aarch64_insn_gen_comp_branch_imm(unsigned long pc, unsigned long addr,
+				     enum aarch64_insn_register reg,
+				     enum aarch64_insn_variant variant,
+				     enum aarch64_insn_branch_type type)
+{
+	u32 insn;
+	long offset;
+
+	offset = branch_imm_common(pc, addr, SZ_1M);
+
+	switch (type) {
+	case AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_COMP_ZERO:
+		insn = aarch64_insn_get_cbz_value();
+		break;
+	case AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_COMP_NONZERO:
+		insn = aarch64_insn_get_cbnz_value();
+		break;
+	default:
+		BUG_ON(1);
+	}
+
+	switch (variant) {
+	case AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_32BIT:
+		break;
+	case AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_64BIT:
+		insn |= AARCH64_INSN_SF_BIT;
+		break;
+	default:
+		BUG_ON(1);
+	}
+
+	insn = aarch64_insn_encode_register(AARCH64_INSN_REGTYPE_RT, insn, reg);
+
+	return aarch64_insn_encode_immediate(AARCH64_INSN_IMM_19, insn,
+					     offset >> 2);
+}
+
 u32 __kprobes aarch64_insn_gen_hint(enum aarch64_insn_hint_op op)
 {
 	return aarch64_insn_get_hint_value() | op;
-- 
1.9.1

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