lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:	Wed, 31 Dec 2014 10:56:55 -0800
From:	Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@...hat.com>
To:	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [net-next PATCH 15/17] fib_trie: inflate/halve nodes in a more RCU
 friendly way

This change pulls the node_set_parent functionality out of put_child_reorg
and instead leaves that to the function to take care of as well.  By doing
this we can fully construct the new cluster of tnodes and all of the
pointers out of it before we start routing pointers into it.

I am suspecting this will likely fix some concurency issues though I don't
have a good test to show as such.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@...hat.com>
---
 net/ipv4/fib_trie.c |  236 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
 1 file changed, 115 insertions(+), 121 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c b/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c
index 485983e..0c88df0 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/fib_trie.c
@@ -391,8 +391,6 @@ static void put_child(struct tnode *tn, unsigned long i, struct tnode *n)
 	else if (!wasfull && isfull)
 		tn->full_children++;
 
-	node_set_parent(n, tn);
-
 	rcu_assign_pointer(tn->child[i], n);
 }
 
@@ -436,10 +434,8 @@ static void tnode_free(struct tnode *tn)
 
 static int inflate(struct trie *t, struct tnode *oldtnode)
 {
-	unsigned long olen = tnode_child_length(oldtnode);
-	struct tnode *tp = node_parent(oldtnode);
-	struct tnode *tn;
-	unsigned long i;
+	struct tnode *inode, *node0, *node1, *tn, *tp;
+	unsigned long i, j, k;
 	t_key m;
 
 	pr_debug("In inflate\n");
@@ -448,43 +444,13 @@ static int inflate(struct trie *t, struct tnode *oldtnode)
 	if (!tn)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	/*
-	 * Preallocate and store tnodes before the actual work so we
-	 * don't get into an inconsistent state if memory allocation
-	 * fails. In case of failure we return the oldnode and  inflate
-	 * of tnode is ignored.
+	/* Assemble all of the pointers in our cluster, in this case that
+	 * represents all of the pointers out of our allocated nodes that
+	 * point to existing tnodes and the links between our allocated
+	 * nodes.
 	 */
-	for (i = 0, m = 1u << tn->pos; i < olen; i++) {
-		struct tnode *inode = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, i);
-
-		if (tnode_full(oldtnode, inode) && (inode->bits > 1)) {
-			struct tnode *left, *right;
-
-			left = tnode_new(inode->key & ~m, inode->pos,
-					 inode->bits - 1);
-			if (!left)
-				goto nomem;
-			tnode_free_append(tn, left);
-
-			right = tnode_new(inode->key | m, inode->pos,
-					  inode->bits - 1);
-
-			if (!right)
-				goto nomem;
-			tnode_free_append(tn, right);
-
-			put_child(tn, 2*i, left);
-			put_child(tn, 2*i+1, right);
-		}
-	}
-
-	/* prepare oldtnode to be freed */
-	tnode_free_init(oldtnode);
-
-	for (i = 0; i < olen; i++) {
-		struct tnode *inode = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, i);
-		struct tnode *left, *right;
-		unsigned long size, j;
+	for (i = tnode_child_length(oldtnode), m = 1u << tn->pos; i;) {
+		inode = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, --i);
 
 		/* An empty child */
 		if (inode == NULL)
@@ -496,65 +462,99 @@ static int inflate(struct trie *t, struct tnode *oldtnode)
 			continue;
 		}
 
-		/* drop the node in the old tnode free list */
-		tnode_free_append(oldtnode, inode);
-
 		/* An internal node with two children */
 		if (inode->bits == 1) {
-			put_child(tn, 2*i, rtnl_dereference(inode->child[0]));
-			put_child(tn, 2*i+1, rtnl_dereference(inode->child[1]));
+			put_child(tn, 2 * i + 1, tnode_get_child(inode, 1));
+			put_child(tn, 2 * i, tnode_get_child(inode, 0));
 			continue;
 		}
 
-		/* An internal node with more than two children */
-
 		/* We will replace this node 'inode' with two new
-		 * ones, 'left' and 'right', each with half of the
+		 * ones, 'node0' and 'node1', each with half of the
 		 * original children. The two new nodes will have
 		 * a position one bit further down the key and this
 		 * means that the "significant" part of their keys
 		 * (see the discussion near the top of this file)
 		 * will differ by one bit, which will be "0" in
-		 * left's key and "1" in right's key. Since we are
+		 * node0's key and "1" in node1's key. Since we are
 		 * moving the key position by one step, the bit that
 		 * we are moving away from - the bit at position
-		 * (inode->pos) - is the one that will differ between
-		 * left and right. So... we synthesize that bit in the
-		 * two  new keys.
-		 * The mask 'm' below will be a single "one" bit at
-		 * the position (inode->pos)
+		 * (tn->pos) - is the one that will differ between
+		 * node0 and node1. So... we synthesize that bit in the
+		 * two new keys.
 		 */
+		node1 = tnode_new(inode->key | m, inode->pos, inode->bits - 1);
+		if (!node1)
+			goto nomem;
+		tnode_free_append(tn, node1);
+
+		node0 = tnode_new(inode->key & ~m, inode->pos, inode->bits - 1);
+		if (!node0)
+			goto nomem;
+		tnode_free_append(tn, node0);
+
+		/* populate child pointers in new nodes */
+		for (k = tnode_child_length(inode), j = k / 2; j;) {
+			put_child(node1, --j, tnode_get_child(inode, --k));
+			put_child(node0, j, tnode_get_child(inode, j));
+			put_child(node1, --j, tnode_get_child(inode, --k));
+			put_child(node0, j, tnode_get_child(inode, j));
+		}
 
-		/* Use the old key, but set the new significant
-		 *   bit to zero.
-		 */
+		/* link new nodes to parent */
+		NODE_INIT_PARENT(node1, tn);
+		NODE_INIT_PARENT(node0, tn);
+
+		/* link parent to nodes */
+		put_child(tn, 2 * i + 1, node1);
+		put_child(tn, 2 * i, node0);
+	}
 
-		left = tnode_get_child(tn, 2*i);
-		put_child(tn, 2*i, NULL);
+	/* setup the parent pointer into and out of this node */
+	tp = node_parent(oldtnode);
+	NODE_INIT_PARENT(tn, tp);
+	put_child_root(tp, t, tn->key, tn);
+
+	/* prepare oldtnode to be freed */
+	tnode_free_init(oldtnode);
 
-		BUG_ON(!left);
+	/* update all child nodes parent pointers to route to us */
+	for (i = tnode_child_length(oldtnode); i;) {
+		inode = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, --i);
+
+		/* A leaf or an internal node with skipped bits */
+		if (!tnode_full(oldtnode, inode)) {
+			node_set_parent(inode, tn);
+			continue;
+		}
 
-		right = tnode_get_child(tn, 2*i+1);
-		put_child(tn, 2*i+1, NULL);
+		/* drop the node in the old tnode free list */
+		tnode_free_append(oldtnode, inode);
 
-		BUG_ON(!right);
+		/* fetch new nodes */
+		node1 = tnode_get_child(tn, 2 * i + 1);
+		node0 = tnode_get_child(tn, 2 * i);
 
-		size = tnode_child_length(left);
-		for (j = 0; j < size; j++) {
-			put_child(left, j, rtnl_dereference(inode->child[j]));
-			put_child(right, j, rtnl_dereference(inode->child[j + size]));
+		/* bits == 1 then node0 and node1 represent inode's children */
+		if (inode->bits == 1) {
+			node_set_parent(node1, tn);
+			node_set_parent(node0, tn);
+			continue;
 		}
 
-		put_child(tn, 2 * i, left);
-		put_child(tn, 2 * i + 1, right);
+		/* update parent pointers in child node's children */
+		for (k = tnode_child_length(inode), j = k / 2; j;) {
+			node_set_parent(tnode_get_child(inode, --k), node1);
+			node_set_parent(tnode_get_child(inode, --j), node0);
+			node_set_parent(tnode_get_child(inode, --k), node1);
+			node_set_parent(tnode_get_child(inode, --j), node0);
+		}
 
 		/* resize child nodes */
-		resize(t, left);
-		resize(t, right);
+		resize(t, node1);
+		resize(t, node0);
 	}
 
-	put_child_root(tp, t, tn->key, tn);
-
 	/* we completed without error, prepare to free old node */
 	tnode_free(oldtnode);
 	return 0;
@@ -566,10 +566,8 @@ nomem:
 
 static int halve(struct trie *t, struct tnode *oldtnode)
 {
-	unsigned long olen = tnode_child_length(oldtnode);
-	struct tnode *tp = node_parent(oldtnode);
-	struct tnode *tn, *left, *right;
-	int i;
+	struct tnode *tn, *tp, *inode, *node0, *node1;
+	unsigned long i;
 
 	pr_debug("In halve\n");
 
@@ -577,68 +575,64 @@ static int halve(struct trie *t, struct tnode *oldtnode)
 	if (!tn)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	/*
-	 * Preallocate and store tnodes before the actual work so we
-	 * don't get into an inconsistent state if memory allocation
-	 * fails. In case of failure we return the oldnode and halve
-	 * of tnode is ignored.
+	/* Assemble all of the pointers in our cluster, in this case that
+	 * represents all of the pointers out of our allocated nodes that
+	 * point to existing tnodes and the links between our allocated
+	 * nodes.
 	 */
+	for (i = tnode_child_length(oldtnode); i;) {
+		node1 = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, --i);
+		node0 = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, --i);
 
-	for (i = 0; i < olen; i += 2) {
-		left = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, i);
-		right = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, i+1);
+		/* At least one of the children is empty */
+		if (!node1 || !node0) {
+			put_child(tn, i / 2, node1 ? : node0);
+			continue;
+		}
 
 		/* Two nonempty children */
-		if (left && right) {
-			struct tnode *newn;
-
-			newn = tnode_new(left->key, oldtnode->pos, 1);
-			if (!newn) {
-				tnode_free(tn);
-				return -ENOMEM;
-			}
-			tnode_free_append(tn, newn);
-
-			put_child(tn, i/2, newn);
+		inode = tnode_new(node0->key, oldtnode->pos, 1);
+		if (!inode) {
+			tnode_free(tn);
+			return -ENOMEM;
 		}
+		tnode_free_append(tn, inode);
 
+		/* initialize pointers out of node */
+		put_child(inode, 1, node1);
+		put_child(inode, 0, node0);
+		NODE_INIT_PARENT(inode, tn);
+
+		/* link parent to node */
+		put_child(tn, i / 2, inode);
 	}
 
+	/* setup the parent pointer out of and back into this node */
+	tp = node_parent(oldtnode);
+	NODE_INIT_PARENT(tn, tp);
+	put_child_root(tp, t, tn->key, tn);
+
 	/* prepare oldtnode to be freed */
 	tnode_free_init(oldtnode);
 
-	for (i = 0; i < olen; i += 2) {
-		struct tnode *newBinNode;
-
-		left = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, i);
-		right = tnode_get_child(oldtnode, i+1);
-
-		/* At least one of the children is empty */
-		if (left == NULL) {
-			if (right == NULL)    /* Both are empty */
-				continue;
-			put_child(tn, i/2, right);
-			continue;
-		}
+	/* update all of the child parent pointers */
+	for (i = tnode_child_length(tn); i;) {
+		inode = tnode_get_child(tn, --i);
 
-		if (right == NULL) {
-			put_child(tn, i/2, left);
+		/* only new tnodes will be considered "full" nodes */
+		if (!tnode_full(tn, inode)) {
+			node_set_parent(inode, tn);
 			continue;
 		}
 
 		/* Two nonempty children */
-		newBinNode = tnode_get_child(tn, i/2);
-		put_child(newBinNode, 0, left);
-		put_child(newBinNode, 1, right);
-
-		put_child(tn, i / 2, newBinNode);
+		node_set_parent(tnode_get_child(inode, 1), inode);
+		node_set_parent(tnode_get_child(inode, 0), inode);
 
 		/* resize child node */
-		resize(t, newBinNode);
+		resize(t, inode);
 	}
 
-	put_child_root(tp, t, tn->key, tn);
-
 	/* all pointers should be clean so we are done */
 	tnode_free(oldtnode);
 

--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe netdev" in
the body of a message to majordomo@...r.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

Powered by blists - more mailing lists