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Date:	Tue, 3 Feb 2015 18:54:19 +0800
From:	shengyong <shengyong1@...wei.com>
To:	Steffen Klassert <steffen.klassert@...unet.com>
CC:	<davem@...emloft.net>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	<yangyingliang@...wei.com>, <hannes@...hat.com>
Subject: Re: Question: should local address be expired when updating PMTU?



在 2015/2/3 17:28, Steffen Klassert 写道:
> On Mon, Feb 02, 2015 at 04:20:24PM +0800, shengyong wrote:
>> Hi, David Miller
>> Since commit 81aded246 (ipv6: Handle PMTU in ICMP error handlers), the entries
>> in neigh table may get expired. But in the situation:
>>
>>           Host only
>>     PC <------------> Virtual Machine
>>
>> a packet is sent from PC to VM, and the packet looks like:
>> -----------------------------------
>> | IPv6 (src=PC-addr, dst=VM-addr) |
>> |---------------------------------|
>> |     ICMPv6 (Packet Too Big)     |
>> |---------------------------------|
>> | IPv6 (src=VM-addr, dst=VM-addr) |
>> |---------------------------------|
>> | ICMPv6 (Neighbor Advertisement) |
>> -----------------------------------
>>
>> Then the local addr on VM will be updated with an expire value. After the
>> lifetime of the local addr is expired, the VM is unreachable from PC.
>>
>> 	# ip -6 route list table local
>> 	local fe80::1 dev lo  metric 0 *expire 596*
> 
> We first need to find out why you receive this Packet Too Big message,
The packet is sent by a commercial-off-the-shelf testcase, and I can reproduce the
situation by using scapy and creating a packet as the following:

	$ cat packet-too-big.py
	#!/usr/bin/python
	
	from scapy.all import *

	# fe80::800:27ff:fe00:0 is linklocal addr of PC
	# fe80::a00:27ff:fe1a:e2a0 is linklocal addr of VM
	base=IPv6(src='fe80::800:27ff:fe00:0',dst='fe80::a00:27ff:fe1a:e2a0')
	pkt_too_big=ICMPv6PacketTooBig(mtu=1024)
	ext_base=IPv6(src='fe80::a00:27ff:fe1a:e2a0',dst='fe80::a00:27ff:fe1a:e2a0',plen=24)
	ext_nd_na=ICMPv6ND_NA()
	
	packet=base/pkt_too_big/ext_base/ext_nd_na
	send(packet)

> can you capture this packet somehow? 
I captured the packet in wireshark, it is exact the packet created by the script.
> Then we have to see why this loopback
> route gets a pmtu update from that packet.
I tried to print info when the VM receives pkt-too-big packet. The calling stack is
icmpv6_rcv->icmpv6_notify->icmpv6_err->ip6_update_pmtu->ip6_rt_update_pmtu->rt6_update_expires.
In ip6_update_pmtu, ip6_route_output looks up the route table, and returns the dst_entry of the
linklocal addr. Then it is set to expire.
> Is the destination address
> of the Packet Too Big message really fe80::1?
In fact, if the dst of the above `ext_base' is the local addr of the VM, the local addr on VM
will be expired.

thx,
Sheng

> 
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