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Date:	Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:49:59 -0400
From:	Chuck Ebbert <cebbert.lkml@...il.com>
To:	Shaun Crampton <Shaun.Crampton@...aswitch.com>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	Peter White <Peter.White@...aswitch.com>,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: ip_rcv_finish() NULL pointer and possibly related Oopses

On Wed, 26 Aug 2015 08:46:59 +0000
Shaun Crampton <Shaun.Crampton@...aswitch.com> wrote:

> Testing our app at scale on Google¹s GCE, running ~1000 CoreOS hosts: over
> approximately 1 hour, I see about 1 in 50 hosts hit one of the Oopses
> below and then reboot (I¹m not sure if the different oopses are related to
> each other).
> 
> The app is Project Calico, which is a datacenter networking fabric.
> calico-felix, the process named below, is our per-host agent.  The
> per-host agent is responsible for reading the network information from a
> central server and applying "ip route² and "iptables" updates to the
> kernel.  We¹re running on CoreOS, with about 100  docker containers/veths
> pairs running on each host.  calico-felix is running inside one of those
> containers. We also run the BIRD BGP stack to redistribute routes around
> the datacenter.  The errors happen more frequently while Calico is under
> load.
> 
> I¹m not sure where to go from here.  I can reproduce these issues easily
> at that scale but I haven¹t managed to boil it down to a small-scale repro
> scenario for further investigation (yet).
> 

What in the world is going on with those call traces? E.g.:

> [ 4513.712008]  <IRQ>
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff81486751>] ? ip_rcv_finish+0x81/0x360
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff814870e4>] ip_rcv+0x2a4/0x400
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff814866d0>] ? inet_del_offload+0x40/0x40
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff814491b3>] __netif_receive_skb_core+0x6c3/0x9a0
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff8143b667>] ? build_skb+0x17/0x90
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff814494a8>] __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff81449523>] netif_receive_skb_internal+0x33/0xa0
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff814495ac>] netif_receive_skb_sk+0x1c/0x70
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffffa00f772b>] 0xffffffffa00f772b
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff814491b3>] ? __netif_receive_skb_core+0x6c3/0x9a0
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffffa00f7d81>] 0xffffffffa00f7d81
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff81449979>] net_rx_action+0x159/0x340
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff810715f4>] __do_softirq+0xf4/0x290
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff810719fd>] irq_exit+0xad/0xc0
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff815528ba>] do_IRQ+0x5a/0xf0
> [ 4513.712008]  [<ffffffff815507ae>] common_interrupt+0x6e/0x6e
> [ 4513.712008]  <EOI>

There are two functions in the call trace that the kernel knows
nothing about. How did they get in there?

And there is really executable code in there, as can be seen from a
later trace:

> [ 4123.003006]  <IRQ>
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8147d477>] nf_iterate+0x57/0x80
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8147d537>] nf_hook_slow+0x97/0x100
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81486e32>] ip_local_deliver+0x92/0xa0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81486a30>] ? ip_rcv_finish+0x360/0x360
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81486751>] ip_rcv_finish+0x81/0x360
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814870e4>] ip_rcv+0x2a4/0x400
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814866d0>] ? inet_del_offload+0x40/0x40
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814491b3>] __netif_receive_skb_core+0x6c3/0x9a0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8143b667>] ? build_skb+0x17/0x90
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814494a8>] __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81449523>] netif_receive_skb_internal+0x33/0xa0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814495ac>] netif_receive_skb_sk+0x1c/0x70
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffffa00d472b>] 0xffffffffa00d472b
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffffa00d4d81>] 0xffffffffa00d4d81
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81449979>] net_rx_action+0x159/0x340
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff810715f4>] __do_softirq+0xf4/0x290
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff810719fd>] irq_exit+0xad/0xc0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff815528ba>] do_IRQ+0x5a/0xf0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff815507ae>] common_interrupt+0x6e/0x6e
> [ 4123.003006]  <EOI>
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81483a3d>] ? __ip_route_output_key+0x31d/0x860
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814e2e95>] ? xfrm_lookup_route+0x5/0x70
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81484224>] ? ip_route_output_flow+0x54/0x60
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8148ca6a>] ip_queue_xmit+0x36a/0x3d0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814a4799>] tcp_transmit_skb+0x4b9/0x990
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814a4d85>] tcp_write_xmit+0x115/0xe90
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814a5d72>] __tcp_push_pending_frames+0x32/0xd0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8149443f>] tcp_push+0xef/0x120
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81497cb5>] tcp_sendmsg+0xc5/0xb20
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff810d74c9>] ? lock_hrtimer_base.isra.22+0x29/0x50
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff814c2d04>] inet_sendmsg+0x64/0xa0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff811e94b5>] ? __fget_light+0x25/0x70
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8142d74d>] sock_sendmsg+0x3d/0x50
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8142dc12>] SYSC_sendto+0x102/0x1a0
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8110f864>] ? __audit_syscall_entry+0xb4/0x110
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff810224fc>] ? do_audit_syscall_entry+0x6c/0x70
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff81023cf3>] ?
> syscall_trace_enter_phase1+0x103/0x160
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8142e75e>] SyS_sendto+0xe/0x10
> [ 4123.003006]  [<ffffffff8154fc6e>] system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x71
> [ 4123.003006] Code: <48> 8b 88 40 03 00 00 e8 1d dd dd ff 5d c3 0f 1f 00
> 41 83 b9 80 00 
> [ 4123.003006] RIP  [<ffffffffa0233027>] 0xffffffffa0233027
> [ 4123.003006]  RSP <ffff88021fc03b58>

Presumably the same two functions as before (loaded at a different
base address but same offsets, 0xd81 and 0x72b). And then nf_iterate
call into another unknown function, and there really is code there
and it's consistent with the oops. And the kernel thinks it's
outside of any normal text section, so it does not try to dump any
code from before the instruction pointer.

   0:	48 8b 88 40 03 00 00 	mov    0x340(%rax),%rcx
   7:	e8 1d dd dd ff       	callq  0xffffffffffdddd29
   c:	5d                   	pop    %rbp
   d:	c3                   	retq   

Did you write your own module loader or something?


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