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Date:	Sat, 05 Sep 2015 09:13:02 +0200
From:	"Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk.manpages@...il.com>
To:	Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Tycho Andersen <tycho.andersen@...onical.com>,
	Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>
CC:	mtk.manpages@...il.com, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
	Will Drewry <wad@...omium.org>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
	Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@...allels.com>,
	"Serge E. Hallyn" <serge.hallyn@...ntu.com>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Network Development <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 5/6] seccomp: add a way to attach a filter via eBPF fd

On 09/04/2015 10:41 PM, Kees Cook wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 4, 2015 at 9:04 AM, Tycho Andersen
> <tycho.andersen@...onical.com> wrote:
>> This is the final bit needed to support seccomp filters created via the bpf
>> syscall.

Hmm. Thanks Kees, for CCinf linux-api@. That really should have been done at
the outset.

Tycho, where's the man-pages patch describing this new kernel-userspace
API feature? :-)

>> One concern with this patch is exactly what the interface should look like
>> for users, since seccomp()'s second argument is a pointer, we could ask
>> people to pass a pointer to the fd, but implies we might write to it which
>> seems impolite. Right now we cast the pointer (and force the user to cast
>> it), which generates ugly warnings. I'm not sure what the right answer is
>> here.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Tycho Andersen <tycho.andersen@...onical.com>
>> CC: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
>> CC: Will Drewry <wad@...omium.org>
>> CC: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>
>> CC: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>
>> CC: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@...allels.com>
>> CC: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@...ntu.com>
>> CC: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
>> CC: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
>> ---
>>  include/linux/seccomp.h      |  3 +-
>>  include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h |  1 +
>>  kernel/seccomp.c             | 70 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>>  3 files changed, 61 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/seccomp.h b/include/linux/seccomp.h
>> index d1a86ed..a725dd5 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/seccomp.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/seccomp.h
>> @@ -3,7 +3,8 @@
>>
>>  #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h>
>>
>> -#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK       (SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC)
>> +#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK       (\
>> +       SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_EBPF)
>>
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
>>
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h b/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h
>> index 0f238a4..c29a423 100644
>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/seccomp.h
>> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
>>
>>  /* Valid flags for SECCOMP_SET_MODE_FILTER */
>>  #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC      1
>> +#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_EBPF       (1 << 1)
>>
>>  /*
>>   * All BPF programs must return a 32-bit value.
>> diff --git a/kernel/seccomp.c b/kernel/seccomp.c
>> index a2c5b32..9c6bea6 100644
>> --- a/kernel/seccomp.c
>> +++ b/kernel/seccomp.c
>> @@ -355,17 +355,6 @@ static struct seccomp_filter *seccomp_prepare_filter(struct sock_fprog *fprog)
>>
>>         BUG_ON(INT_MAX / fprog->len < sizeof(struct sock_filter));
>>
>> -       /*
>> -        * Installing a seccomp filter requires that the task has
>> -        * CAP_SYS_ADMIN in its namespace or be running with no_new_privs.
>> -        * This avoids scenarios where unprivileged tasks can affect the
>> -        * behavior of privileged children.
>> -        */
>> -       if (!task_no_new_privs(current) &&
>> -           security_capable_noaudit(current_cred(), current_user_ns(),
>> -                                    CAP_SYS_ADMIN) != 0)
>> -               return ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
>> -
>>         /* Allocate a new seccomp_filter */
>>         sfilter = kzalloc(sizeof(*sfilter), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN);
>>         if (!sfilter)
>> @@ -509,6 +498,48 @@ static void seccomp_send_sigsys(int syscall, int reason)
>>         info.si_syscall = syscall;
>>         force_sig_info(SIGSYS, &info, current);
>>  }
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL
>> +static struct seccomp_filter *seccomp_prepare_ebpf(const char __user *filter)
>> +{
>> +       /* XXX: this cast generates a warning. should we make people pass in
>> +        * &fd, or is there some nicer way of doing this?
>> +        */
>> +       u32 fd = (u32) filter;
> 
> I think this is probably the right way to do it, modulo getting the
> warning fixed. Let me invoke the great linux-api subscribers to get
> some more opinions.

Sigh. It's sad, but the using a cast does seem the simplest option.
But, how about another idea...

> tl;dr: adding SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_EBPF to the flags changes the
> pointer argument into an fd argument. Is this sane, should it be a
> pointer to an fd, or should it not be a flag at all, creating a new
> seccomp command instead (SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER_EBPF)?

What about

    seccomp(SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER_EBPF, flags, structp)

Where structp is a pointer to something like

struct seccomp_ebpf {
    int size;      /* Size of this whole struct */
    int fd;
}

'size' allows for future expansion of the struct (in case we want to 
expand it later), and placing 'fd' inside a struct avoids unpleasant
implication that would be made by passing a pointer to an fd as the
third argument.

Cheers,

Michael


> -Kees
> 
>> +       struct seccomp_filter *ret;
>> +       struct bpf_prog *prog;
>> +
>> +       prog = bpf_prog_get(fd);
>> +       if (IS_ERR(prog))
>> +               return (struct seccomp_filter *) prog;
>> +
>> +       if (prog->type != BPF_PROG_TYPE_SECCOMP) {
>> +               bpf_prog_put(prog);
>> +               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>> +       }
>> +
>> +       ret = kzalloc(sizeof(*ret), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN);
>> +       if (!ret) {
>> +               bpf_prog_put(prog);
>> +               return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> +       }
>> +
>> +       ret->prog = prog;
>> +       atomic_set(&ret->usage, 1);
>> +
>> +       /* Intentionally don't bpf_prog_put() here, because the underlying prog
>> +        * is refcounted too and we're holding a reference from the struct
>> +        * seccomp_filter object.
>> +        */
>> +
>> +       return ret;
>> +}
>> +#else
>> +static struct seccomp_filter *seccomp_prepare_ebpf(const char __user *filter)
>> +{
>> +       return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>> +}
>> +#endif
>>  #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */
>>
>>  /*
>> @@ -775,8 +806,23 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
>>         if (flags & ~SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK)
>>                 return -EINVAL;
>>
>> +       /*
>> +        * Installing a seccomp filter requires that the task has
>> +        * CAP_SYS_ADMIN in its namespace or be running with no_new_privs.
>> +        * This avoids scenarios where unprivileged tasks can affect the
>> +        * behavior of privileged children.
>> +        */
>> +       if (!task_no_new_privs(current) &&
>> +           security_capable_noaudit(current_cred(), current_user_ns(),
>> +                                    CAP_SYS_ADMIN) != 0)
>> +               return -EACCES;
>> +
>>         /* Prepare the new filter before holding any locks. */
>> -       prepared = seccomp_prepare_user_filter(filter);
>> +       if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_EBPF)
>> +               prepared = seccomp_prepare_ebpf(filter);
>> +       else
>> +               prepared = seccomp_prepare_user_filter(filter);
>> +
>>         if (IS_ERR(prepared))
>>                 return PTR_ERR(prepared);
>>
>> --
>> 2.1.4
>>
> 
> 
> 


-- 
Michael Kerrisk
Linux man-pages maintainer; http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/
Linux/UNIX System Programming Training: http://man7.org/training/
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