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Date:	Tue, 01 Dec 2015 20:08:51 -0800
From:	Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
To:	Cong Wang <cwang@...pensource.com>
Cc:	pageexec@...email.hu, Daniele Fucini <dfucini@...il.com>,
	netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@...atatu.com>,
	David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>, spender@...ecurity.net,
	re.emese@...il.com
Subject: [PATCH net] net_sched: fix qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() races

From: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>

qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() suffers from two problems on multiqueue
devices.

One problem is that it updates sch->q.qlen and sch->qstats.drops
on the mq/mqprio root qdisc, while it should not : Daniele
reported underflows errors : 
[  681.774821] PAX: sch->q.qlen: 0 n: 1
[  681.774825] PAX: size overflow detected in function qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen net/sched/sch_api.c:769 cicus.693_49 min, count: 72, decl: qlen; num: 0; context: sk_buff_head;
[  681.774954] CPU: 2 PID: 19 Comm: ksoftirqd/2 Tainted: G           O    4.2.6.201511282239-1-grsec #1
[  681.774955] Hardware name: ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. X302LJ/X302LJ, BIOS X302LJ.202 03/05/2015
[  681.774956]  ffffffffa9a04863 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffffffa990ff7c
[  681.774959]  ffffc90000d3bc38 ffffffffa95d2810 0000000000000007 ffffffffa991002b
[  681.774960]  ffffc90000d3bc68 ffffffffa91a44f4 0000000000000001 0000000000000001
[  681.774962] Call Trace:
[  681.774967]  [<ffffffffa95d2810>] dump_stack+0x4c/0x7f
[  681.774970]  [<ffffffffa91a44f4>] report_size_overflow+0x34/0x50
[  681.774972]  [<ffffffffa94d17e2>] qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen+0x152/0x160
[  681.774976]  [<ffffffffc02694b1>] fq_codel_dequeue+0x7b1/0x820 [sch_fq_codel]
[  681.774978]  [<ffffffffc02680a0>] ? qdisc_peek_dequeued+0xa0/0xa0 [sch_fq_codel]
[  681.774980]  [<ffffffffa94cd92d>] __qdisc_run+0x4d/0x1d0
[  681.774983]  [<ffffffffa949b2b2>] net_tx_action+0xc2/0x160
[  681.774985]  [<ffffffffa90664c1>] __do_softirq+0xf1/0x200
[  681.774987]  [<ffffffffa90665ee>] run_ksoftirqd+0x1e/0x30
[  681.774989]  [<ffffffffa90896b0>] smpboot_thread_fn+0x150/0x260
[  681.774991]  [<ffffffffa9089560>] ? sort_range+0x40/0x40
[  681.774992]  [<ffffffffa9085fe4>] kthread+0xe4/0x100
[  681.774994]  [<ffffffffa9085f00>] ? kthread_worker_fn+0x170/0x170
[  681.774995]  [<ffffffffa95d8d1e>] ret_from_fork+0x3e/0x70

mq/mqprio have their own ways to report qlen/drops by folding stats on
all their queues, with appropriate locking.

A second problem is that qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() calls qdisc_lookup()
without proper locking : concurrent qdisc updates could corrupt the list
that qdisc_match_from_root() parses to find a qdisc given its handle.

Fix first problem adding a TCQ_F_NOPARENT qdisc flag that
qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() can use to abort its tree traversal,
as soon as it meets a mq/mqprio qdisc children.

Second problem can be fixed by RCU protection.
Qdisc are already freed after RCU grace period, so qdisc_list_add() and
qdisc_list_del() simply have to use appropriate rcu list variants.

A future patch will add a per struct netdev_queue list anchor, so that
qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() can have more efficient lookups.

Reported-by: Daniele Fucini <dfucini@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>
Cc: Cong Wang <cwang@...pensource.com>
Cc: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@...atatu.com>
---
 include/net/sch_generic.h |    3 +++
 net/sched/sch_api.c       |   27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
 net/sched/sch_generic.c   |    2 +-
 net/sched/sch_mq.c        |    4 ++--
 net/sched/sch_mqprio.c    |    4 ++--
 5 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/net/sch_generic.h b/include/net/sch_generic.h
index 4c79ce8c1f92..b2a8e6338576 100644
--- a/include/net/sch_generic.h
+++ b/include/net/sch_generic.h
@@ -61,6 +61,9 @@ struct Qdisc {
 				      */
 #define TCQ_F_WARN_NONWC	(1 << 16)
 #define TCQ_F_CPUSTATS		0x20 /* run using percpu statistics */
+#define TCQ_F_NOPARENT		0x40 /* root of its hierarchy :
+				      * qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() should stop.
+				      */
 	u32			limit;
 	const struct Qdisc_ops	*ops;
 	struct qdisc_size_table	__rcu *stab;
diff --git a/net/sched/sch_api.c b/net/sched/sch_api.c
index f43c8f33f09e..7ec667dd4ce1 100644
--- a/net/sched/sch_api.c
+++ b/net/sched/sch_api.c
@@ -253,7 +253,8 @@ int qdisc_set_default(const char *name)
 }
 
 /* We know handle. Find qdisc among all qdisc's attached to device
-   (root qdisc, all its children, children of children etc.)
+ * (root qdisc, all its children, children of children etc.)
+ * Note: caller either uses rtnl or rcu_read_lock()
  */
 
 static struct Qdisc *qdisc_match_from_root(struct Qdisc *root, u32 handle)
@@ -264,7 +265,7 @@ static struct Qdisc *qdisc_match_from_root(struct Qdisc *root, u32 handle)
 	    root->handle == handle)
 		return root;
 
-	list_for_each_entry(q, &root->list, list) {
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(q, &root->list, list) {
 		if (q->handle == handle)
 			return q;
 	}
@@ -277,15 +278,18 @@ void qdisc_list_add(struct Qdisc *q)
 		struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_dev(q)->qdisc;
 
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(root == &noop_qdisc);
-		list_add_tail(&q->list, &root->list);
+		ASSERT_RTNL();
+		list_add_tail_rcu(&q->list, &root->list);
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(qdisc_list_add);
 
 void qdisc_list_del(struct Qdisc *q)
 {
-	if ((q->parent != TC_H_ROOT) && !(q->flags & TCQ_F_INGRESS))
-		list_del(&q->list);
+	if ((q->parent != TC_H_ROOT) && !(q->flags & TCQ_F_INGRESS)) {
+		ASSERT_RTNL();
+		list_del_rcu(&q->list);
+	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(qdisc_list_del);
 
@@ -750,14 +754,18 @@ void qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int n)
 	if (n == 0)
 		return;
 	drops = max_t(int, n, 0);
+	rcu_read_lock();
 	while ((parentid = sch->parent)) {
 		if (TC_H_MAJ(parentid) == TC_H_MAJ(TC_H_INGRESS))
-			return;
+			break;
 
+		if (sch->flags & TCQ_F_NOPARENT)
+			break;
+		/* TODO: perform the search on a per txq basis */
 		sch = qdisc_lookup(qdisc_dev(sch), TC_H_MAJ(parentid));
 		if (sch == NULL) {
-			WARN_ON(parentid != TC_H_ROOT);
-			return;
+			WARN_ON_ONCE(parentid != TC_H_ROOT);
+			break;
 		}
 		cops = sch->ops->cl_ops;
 		if (cops->qlen_notify) {
@@ -768,6 +776,7 @@ void qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int n)
 		sch->q.qlen -= n;
 		__qdisc_qstats_drop(sch, drops);
 	}
+	rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen);
 
@@ -941,7 +950,7 @@ qdisc_create(struct net_device *dev, struct netdev_queue *dev_queue,
 		}
 		lockdep_set_class(qdisc_lock(sch), &qdisc_tx_lock);
 		if (!netif_is_multiqueue(dev))
-			sch->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE;
+			sch->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE | TCQ_F_NOPARENT;
 	}
 
 	sch->handle = handle;
diff --git a/net/sched/sch_generic.c b/net/sched/sch_generic.c
index cb5d4ad32946..e82a1ad80aa5 100644
--- a/net/sched/sch_generic.c
+++ b/net/sched/sch_generic.c
@@ -737,7 +737,7 @@ static void attach_one_default_qdisc(struct net_device *dev,
 		return;
 	}
 	if (!netif_is_multiqueue(dev))
-		qdisc->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE;
+		qdisc->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE | TCQ_F_NOPARENT;
 	dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping = qdisc;
 }
 
diff --git a/net/sched/sch_mq.c b/net/sched/sch_mq.c
index f3cbaecd283a..3e82f047caaf 100644
--- a/net/sched/sch_mq.c
+++ b/net/sched/sch_mq.c
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ static int mq_init(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt)
 		if (qdisc == NULL)
 			goto err;
 		priv->qdiscs[ntx] = qdisc;
-		qdisc->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE;
+		qdisc->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE | TCQ_F_NOPARENT;
 	}
 
 	sch->flags |= TCQ_F_MQROOT;
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ static int mq_graft(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long cl, struct Qdisc *new,
 
 	*old = dev_graft_qdisc(dev_queue, new);
 	if (new)
-		new->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE;
+		new->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE | TCQ_F_NOPARENT;
 	if (dev->flags & IFF_UP)
 		dev_activate(dev);
 	return 0;
diff --git a/net/sched/sch_mqprio.c b/net/sched/sch_mqprio.c
index 3811a745452c..ad70ecf57ce7 100644
--- a/net/sched/sch_mqprio.c
+++ b/net/sched/sch_mqprio.c
@@ -132,7 +132,7 @@ static int mqprio_init(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt)
 			goto err;
 		}
 		priv->qdiscs[i] = qdisc;
-		qdisc->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE;
+		qdisc->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE | TCQ_F_NOPARENT;
 	}
 
 	/* If the mqprio options indicate that hardware should own
@@ -209,7 +209,7 @@ static int mqprio_graft(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long cl, struct Qdisc *new,
 	*old = dev_graft_qdisc(dev_queue, new);
 
 	if (new)
-		new->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE;
+		new->flags |= TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE | TCQ_F_NOPARENT;
 
 	if (dev->flags & IFF_UP)
 		dev_activate(dev);


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