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Date:	Sun, 6 Dec 2015 16:33:07 -0600
From:	Larry Finger <>
To:	Peter Wu <>
Cc:	Chaoming Li <>,
	Kalle Valo <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH] rtlwifi: fix gigantic memleak in rtl_usb

On 12/06/2015 03:39 PM, Peter Wu wrote:
> On Sun, Dec 06, 2015 at 02:18:36PM -0600, Larry Finger wrote:
>> On 12/06/2015 11:57 AM, Peter Wu wrote:
>>> Free skb for received frames with a wrong checksum.
>>> While using the rtl8192cu driver in monitor mode, somehow 5G of memory
>>> was permanently lost (observable via the Available column in `free -m`).
>>> Test scenario:
>>>      ip link set down wlan1
>>>      iw wlan1 set type monitor
>>>      ip link set up wlan1
>>>      iw wlan1 set channel 11
>>> Then stream a video on a smartphone on channel 11. Without this patch
>>> the memory usage grows linearly with the number of received packets:
>>>      grep MemAvailable /proc/meminfo
>>>      ip -s link show dev wlan1
>>> Signed-off-by: Peter Wu <>
>>> ---
>>> Hi,
>>> This issue has existed since the introduction of this driver in v2.6.x,
>>> using kmemleak I was about to figure out the source. There is also a
>>> _rtl_usb_rx_process_agg that has similarly looking code, but that one is
>>> unaffected. The pci code already frees the skb and is unaffected too.
>>> Tested with kernel v4.3, this patch is simply rebased on v4.4-rc3 (due
>>> to changed paths).
>>> Kind regards,
>>> Peter
>>> ---
>>>   drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/usb.c | 2 ++
>>>   1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
>>> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/usb.c b/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/usb.c
>>> index 2721cf8..aac1ed3 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/usb.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/usb.c
>>> @@ -531,6 +531,8 @@ static void _rtl_usb_rx_process_noagg(struct ieee80211_hw *hw,
>>>   			ieee80211_rx(hw, skb);
>>>   		else
>>>   			dev_kfree_skb_any(skb);
>>> +	} else {
>>> +		dev_kfree_skb_any(skb);
>>>   	}
>>>   }
>> Thanks for finding and fixing this memory leak.
>> The patch is OK, but the commit message and subject are not. I do not like
>> the use of the word "gigantic" in the subject. A better subject would be:
>> "rtlwifi: Fix memory leak for USB device while in monitor mode".
>> The commit message should say that a memory leak was observed, and found
>> with kmemleak. If you were simply reportimg the bug, then the steps needed
>> to reproduce it would be important, but as you have a fix, those steps are
>> extraneous. You should also include a "Cc: Stable <"
>> line. When the patch is picked up for stable kernels, it will be necessary
>> to rebase the patch to compensate for the directory change.
> I have done some additional testing using QEMU and USB passthrough and
> can report that the leak is not limited to monitor mode. The commit
> message is adjusted for that. This issue is pretty bad, I previously hit
> 5GB within an hour with low traffic, this VM with 256M RAM panics after
> 5 minutes in managed mode. (Remote denial of service, heh.)
> Originally I had the Cc: stable line added, but the SubmittingPatches
> document seems to discourage that for networking. Added it again.
> Here is the updated patch, hopefully addressing your concerns. Feel free
> to modify it as you find appropriate.
> Peter
> --
>>>From a2c5fec1789bef48671d643ea7ecd0244d1e0246 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Peter Wu <>
> Date: Sun, 6 Dec 2015 17:59:41 +0100
> Subject: [PATCH] rtlwifi: fix memory leak for USB device
> Free skb for received frames with a wrong checksum. This can happen
> pretty rapidly, exhausting all memory.
> This fixes a memleak (detected with kmemleak). Originally found while
> using monitor mode, but it also appears during managed mode (once the
> link is up).
> Cc:
> Signed-off-by: Peter Wu <>
> ---

This version is better, but you submitted it incorrectly. Sen it as [PATCH V2] 
and cut out all extraneous messaging.


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