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Date:   Mon, 27 Feb 2017 06:06:39 -0800
From:   Eric Dumazet <>
To:     David Miller <>
Cc:     netdev <>,
        Tariq Toukan <>,
        Saeed Mahameed <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net] net: solve a NAPI race

On Sun, 2017-02-26 at 19:31 -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> From: Eric Dumazet <>
> While playing with mlx4 hardware timestamping of RX packets, I found
> that some packets were received by TCP stack with a ~200 ms delay...
> Since the timestamp was provided by the NIC, and my probe was added
> in tcp_v4_rcv() while in BH handler, I was confident it was not
> a sender issue, or a drop in the network.
> This would happen with a very low probability, but hurting RPC
> workloads.
> A NAPI driver normally arms the IRQ after the napi_complete_done(),
> after NAPI_STATE_SCHED is cleared, so that the hard irq handler can grab
> it.
> Problem is that if another point in the stack grabs NAPI_STATE_SCHED bit
> while IRQ are not disabled, we might have later an IRQ firing and
> finding this bit set, right before napi_complete_done() clears it.
> This can happen with busy polling users, or if gro_flush_timeout is
> used. But some other uses of napi_schedule() in drivers can cause this
> as well.
> This patch adds a new NAPI_STATE_MISSED bit, that napi_schedule_prep()
> can set if it could not grab NAPI_STATE_SCHED
> Then napi_complete_done() properly reschedules the napi to make sure
> we do not miss something.
> Since we manipulate multiple bits at once, use cmpxchg() like in
> sk_busy_loop() to provide proper transactions.
> Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <>
> ---
>  include/linux/netdevice.h |   29 +++++++----------------
>  net/core/dev.c            |   44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  2 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

I will send a v2 of this patch.

Points trying to grab NAPI_STATE_SCHED not from the device driver IRQ
handler should not set NAPI_STATE_MISSED if they fail, otherwise this
adds extra work for no purpose.

One of this point is napi_watchdog() which can fire pretty often.

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