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Date:   Sat,  4 Mar 2017 04:23:20 +0100
From:   Daniel Borkmann <>
        Daniel Borkmann <>
Subject: [PATCH net] bpf: disable broken write protection on i386

Since d2852a224050 ("arch: add ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY config") and
9d876e79df6a ("bpf: fix unlocking of jited image when module ronx
not set") that uses the former, Fengguang reported random corruptions
on his i386 test machine [1]. On i386 there is no JIT available,
and since his kernel config doesn't have kernel modules enabled,
there was also no DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX enabled before which would
set interpreted bpf_prog image as read-only like we do in various
other cases for quite some time now, e.g. x86_64, arm64, etc. Thus,
the difference with above commits was that we now used set_memory_ro()
and set_memory_rw() on i386, which resulted in these issues. When
reproducing this with Fengguang's config and qemu image, I changed
lib/test_bpf.c to be run during boot instead of relying on trinity
to fiddle with cBPF.

The issues I saw with the BPF test suite when set_memory_ro() and
set_memory_rw() is used to write protect image on i386 is that after
a number of tests I noticed a corruption happening in bpf_prog_realloc().
Specifically, fp_old's content gets corrupted right *after* the
(unrelated) __vmalloc() call and contains only zeroes right after
the call instead of the original prog data. fp_old should have been
freed later on via __bpf_prog_free() *after* we copied all the data
over to the newly allocated fp. Result looks like:

  [   13.107240] test_bpf: #249 JMP_JSET_X: if (0x3 & 0x2) return 1 jited:0 17 PASS
  [   13.108182] test_bpf: #250 JMP_JSET_X: if (0x3 & 0xffffffff) return 1 jited:0 17 PASS
  [   13.109206] test_bpf: #251 JMP_JA: Jump, gap, jump, ... jited:0 16 PASS
  [   13.110493] test_bpf: #252 BPF_MAXINSNS: Maximum possible literals jited:0 12 PASS
  [   13.111885] test_bpf: #253 BPF_MAXINSNS: Single literal jited:0 8 PASS
  [   13.112804] test_bpf: #254 BPF_MAXINSNS: Run/add until end jited:0 6341 PASS
  [   13.177195] test_bpf: #255 BPF_MAXINSNS: Too many instructions PASS
  [   13.177689] test_bpf: #256 BPF_MAXINSNS: Very long jump jited:0 9 PASS
  [   13.178611] test_bpf: #257 BPF_MAXINSNS: Ctx heavy transformations
  [   13.178713] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000034
  [   13.179740] IP: bpf_prog_realloc+0x5b/0x90
  [   13.180017] *pde = 00000000
  [   13.180017]
  [   13.180017] Oops: 0002 [#1] DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
  [   13.180017] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper Not tainted 4.10.0-57268-gd627975-dirty #50
  [   13.180017] task: 401ec000 task.stack: 401f2000
  [   13.180017] EIP: bpf_prog_realloc+0x5b/0x90
  [   13.180017] EFLAGS: 00210246 CPU: 0
  [   13.180017] EAX: 00000000 EBX: 57ae1000 ECX: 00000000 EDX: 57ae1000
  [   13.180017] ESI: 00000019 EDI: 57b07000 EBP: 401f3e74 ESP: 401f3e68
  [   13.180017]  DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 0000 GS: 0000 SS: 0068
  [   13.180017] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 00000034 CR3: 12cb1000 CR4: 00000610
  [   13.180017] DR0: 00000000 DR1: 00000000 DR2: 00000000 DR3: 00000000
  [   13.180017] DR6: fffe0ff0 DR7: 00000400
  [   13.180017] Call Trace:
  [   13.180017]  bpf_prepare_filter+0x317/0x3a0
  [   13.180017]  bpf_prog_create+0x65/0xa0
  [   13.180017]  test_bpf_init+0x1ca/0x628
  [   13.180017]  ? test_hexdump_init+0xb5/0xb5
  [   13.180017]  do_one_initcall+0x7c/0x11c

When using trinity from Fengguang's reproducer, the corruptions were
at inconsistent places, presumably from code dealing with allocations
and seeing similar effects as mentioned above.

Not using set_memory_ro() and set_memory_rw() lets the test suite
run just fine as expected, thus it looks like using set_memory_*()
on i386 seems broken and mentioned commits just uncovered it. Also,
for checking, I enabled DEBUG_RODATA_TEST for that kernel.

Latter shows that memory protecting the kernel seems not working either
on i386 (!). Test suite output:

  [   12.692836] Write protecting the kernel text: 13416k
  [   12.693309] Write protecting the kernel read-only data: 5292k
  [   12.693802] rodata_test: test data was not read only

Work-around to not enable ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY for i386 is not optimal
as it doesn't fix the issue in presumably broken set_memory_*(), but
it at least avoids people avoid having to deal with random corruptions
that are hard to track down for the time being until a real fix can
be found.


Reported-by: Fengguang Wu <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
Cc: Laura Abbott <>
Cc: Kees Cook <>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <>
 [ Sending to -net as bpf related, but I don't mind to route it
   elsewhere, too. ]

 arch/x86/Kconfig | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index cc98d5a..626dc6a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ config X86
 	select ARCH_HAS_KCOV			if X86_64
 	select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API		if X86_64
+	select ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY		if X86_64

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