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Date:   Tue, 28 Mar 2017 13:49:49 +0200
From:   Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@...hat.com>
To:     Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@...il.com>
Cc:     Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-mm <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        Mel Gorman <mgorman@...hsingularity.net>,
        Tariq Toukan <tariqt@...lanox.com>,
        Tariq Toukan <ttoukan.linux@...il.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>, brouer@...hat.com
Subject: Re: Bisected softirq accounting issue in v4.11-rc1~170^2~28

On Tue, 28 Mar 2017 18:34:52 +0800
Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@...il.com> wrote:

> 2017-03-28 16:14 GMT+08:00 Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@...hat.com>:
> >
> > (While evaluating some changes to the page allocator) I ran into an
> > issue with ksoftirqd getting too much CPU sched time.
> >
> > I bisected the problem to
> >  a499a5a14dbd ("sched/cputime: Increment kcpustat directly on irqtime account")
> >
> >  a499a5a14dbd1d0315a96fc62a8798059325e9e6 is the first bad commit
> >  commit a499a5a14dbd1d0315a96fc62a8798059325e9e6
> >  Author: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>
> >  Date:   Tue Jan 31 04:09:32 2017 +0100
> >
> >     sched/cputime: Increment kcpustat directly on irqtime account
> >
> >     The irqtime is accounted is nsecs and stored in
> >     cpu_irq_time.hardirq_time and cpu_irq_time.softirq_time. Once the
> >     accumulated amount reaches a new jiffy, this one gets accounted to the
> >     kcpustat.
> >
> >     This was necessary when kcpustat was stored in cputime_t, which could at
> >     worst have jiffies granularity. But now kcpustat is stored in nsecs
> >     so this whole discretization game with temporary irqtime storage has
> >     become unnecessary.
> >
> >     We can now directly account the irqtime to the kcpustat.
> >
> >     Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>
> >     Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>
> >     Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@...el.com>
> >     Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@...ibm.com>
> >     Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
> >     Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@...ibm.com>
> >     Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>
> >     Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>
> >     Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
> >     Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>
> >     Cc: Stanislaw Gruszka <sgruszka@...hat.com>
> >     Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
> >     Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>
> >     Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@...mail.com>
> >     Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1485832191-26889-17-git-send-email-fweisbec@gmail.com
> >     Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
> >
> > The reproducer is running a userspace udp_sink[1] program, and taskset
> > pinning the process to the same CPU as softirq RX is running on, and
> > starting a UDP flood with pktgen (tool part of kernel tree:
> > samples/pktgen/pktgen_sample03_burst_single_flow.sh).
> >
> > [1] udp_sink
> >  https://github.com/netoptimizer/network-testing/blob/master/src/udp_sink.c
> >
> > The expected results (after commit 4cd13c21b207 ("softirq: Let
> > ksoftirqd do its job")) is that the scheduler split the CPU time 50/50
> > between udp_sink and ksoftirqd.
> >
> > After this commit, the udp_sink program does not get any sched CPU
> > time, and no packets are delivered to userspace.  (All packets are
> > dropped by softirq due to a full socket queue, nstat UdpRcvbufErrors).
> >
> > A related symptom is that ksoftirqd no longer get accounted in top.
> >
> > $ grep CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING .config
> > CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING=y
> >
> > Full .config uploaded here[2]:
> >  [2] http://people.netfilter.org/hawk/kconfig/config02-bisect-softirq-a499a5a14dbd  
> 
> void irqtime_account_irq(struct task_struct *curr)
> {
>     struct irqtime *irqtime = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_irqtime);
>     u64 *cpustat = kcpustat_this_cpu->cpustat;
>     s64 delta;
>     int cpu;
> 
>     if (!sched_clock_irqtime)
>         return;
> 
>     cpu = smp_processor_id();
>     delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu) - irqtime->irq_start_time;
> 
> sched_clock_cpu(cpu) should be converted from cputime to ns. However,
> cputime_to_nsecs() API is removed by
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/1/22/230 for generic usage, so could you
> try the below patch just for testing?

Sure... it didn't solve the problem :-(


> diff --git a/include/linux/sched/cputime.h b/include/linux/sched/cputime.h
> index 4c5b973..166efba 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched/cputime.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched/cputime.h
> @@ -7,14 +7,14 @@
>   * cputime accounting APIs:
>   */
> 
> -#ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE
> -#include <asm/cputime.h>
> +#define cputime_div(__ct, divisor) div_u64((__force u64)__ct, divisor)
> +#define cputime_to_usecs(__ct) \
> +    cputime_div(__ct, NSEC_PER_USEC)
> 
>  #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs
>  # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct)    \
>      (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC)
>  #endif
> -#endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */
> 
>  #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN
>  extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t,
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/cputime.c b/kernel/sched/cputime.c
> index f3778e2b..68064d1 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/cputime.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/cputime.c
> @@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ void irqtime_account_irq(struct task_struct *curr)
>          return;
> 
>      cpu = smp_processor_id();
> -    delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu) - irqtime->irq_start_time;
> +    delta = cputime_to_nsecs(sched_clock_cpu(cpu)) - irqtime->irq_start_time;
>      irqtime->irq_start_time += delta;
> 
>      u64_stats_update_begin(&irqtime->sync);


-- 
Best regards,
  Jesper Dangaard Brouer
  MSc.CS, Principal Kernel Engineer at Red Hat
  LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/brouer

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