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Date:   Wed, 13 Jun 2018 10:50:09 -0700
From:   John Fastabend <>
Subject: [bpf PATCH 3/6] bpf: sockhash fix omitted bucket lock in sock_close

First in tcp_close, reduce scope of sk_callback_lock() the lock is
only needed for protecting smap_release_sock() the ingress and cork
lists are protected by sock lock. Having the lock in wider scope is
harmless but may confuse the reader who may infer it is in fact

Next, in sock_hash_delete_elem() the pattern is as follows,

     l = lookup_elem_raw()
     if (l)
         .... destroy psock ...

The ordering is necessary because we only know the {p}sock after
dereferencing the hash table which we can't do unless we have the
bucket lock held. Once we have the bucket lock and the psock element
it is deleted from the hashmap to ensure any other path doing a lookup
will fail. Finally, the refcnt is decremented and if zero the psock
is destroyed.

In parallel with the above (or free'ing the map) a tcp close event
may trigger tcp_close(). Which at the moment omits the bucket lock
altogether (oops!) where the flow looks like this,

     for each psock->maps // list of maps this sock is part of
         .... destroy psock ...

Obviously, and demonstrated by syzbot, this is broken because
we can have multiple threads deleting entries via hlist_del_rcu().

To fix this we might be tempted to wrap the hlist operation in a
bucket lock but that would create a lock inversion problem. In
summary to follow locking rules maps needs the sk_callback_lock but we
need the bucket lock to do the hlist_del_rcu. To resolve the lock
inversion problem note that when bpf_tcp_close is called no updates
can happen in parallel, due to ESTABLISH state check in update logic,
so pop the head of the list repeatedly and remove the reference until
no more are left. If a delete happens in parallel from the BPF API
that is OK as well because it will do a similar action, lookup the
sock in the map/hash, delete it from the map/hash, and dec the refcnt.
We check for this case before doing a destroy on the psock to ensure
we don't have two threads tearing down a psock. The new logic is
as follows,

  e = psock_map_pop(psock->maps) // done with sk_callback_lock
  bucket_lock() // lock hash list bucket
  l = lookup_elem_raw(head, hash, key, key_size);
  if (l) {
     //only get here if elmnt was not already removed
     ... destroy psock...

And finally for all the above to work add missing sk_callback_lock
around smap_list_remove in sock_hash_ctx_update_elem(). Otherwise
delete and update may corrupt maps list.

(As an aside the sk_callback_lock serves two purposes. The
 first, is to update the sock callbacks sk_data_ready, sk_write_space,
 etc. The second is to protect the psock 'maps' list. The 'maps' list
 is used to (as shown above) to delete all map/hash references to a
 sock when the sock is closed)

(If we did not have the ESTABLISHED state guarantee from tcp_close
 then we could not ensure completion because updates could happen
 forever and pin thread in delete loop.)

Fixes: 81110384441a ("bpf: sockmap, add hash map support")
Signed-off-by: John Fastabend <>
 kernel/bpf/sockmap.c |  112 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
 1 file changed, 80 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c b/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c
index e5bab52..2e848cd 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c
@@ -258,16 +258,54 @@ static void bpf_tcp_release(struct sock *sk)
+static struct htab_elem *lookup_elem_raw(struct hlist_head *head,
+					 u32 hash, void *key, u32 key_size)
+	struct htab_elem *l;
+	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(l, head, hash_node) {
+		if (l->hash == hash && !memcmp(&l->key, key, key_size))
+			return l;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+static inline struct bucket *__select_bucket(struct bpf_htab *htab, u32 hash)
+	return &htab->buckets[hash & (htab->n_buckets - 1)];
+static inline struct hlist_head *select_bucket(struct bpf_htab *htab, u32 hash)
+	return &__select_bucket(htab, hash)->head;
 static void free_htab_elem(struct bpf_htab *htab, struct htab_elem *l)
 	kfree_rcu(l, rcu);
+struct smap_psock_map_entry *psock_map_pop(struct sock *sk,
+					   struct smap_psock *psock)
+	struct smap_psock_map_entry *e;
+	write_lock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock);
+	e = list_first_entry_or_null(&psock->maps,
+				     struct smap_psock_map_entry,
+				     list);
+	if (e)
+		list_del(&e->list);
+	write_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock);
+	return e;
 static void bpf_tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout)
 	void (*close_fun)(struct sock *sk, long timeout);
-	struct smap_psock_map_entry *e, *tmp;
+	struct smap_psock_map_entry *e;
 	struct sk_msg_buff *md, *mtmp;
 	struct smap_psock *psock;
 	struct sock *osk;
@@ -286,7 +324,6 @@ static void bpf_tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout)
 	close_fun = psock->save_close;
-	write_lock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock);
 	if (psock->cork) {
 		free_start_sg(psock->sock, psock->cork);
@@ -299,20 +336,48 @@ static void bpf_tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout)
-	list_for_each_entry_safe(e, tmp, &psock->maps, list) {
+	/* Sock is in TCP_CLOSE state so any concurrent adds or updates will be
+	 * blocked by ESTABLISHED check. However, tcp_close() + delete + free
+	 * can all run at the same time. If a tcp_close + delete happens each
+	 * code path will remove the entry for the map/hash before deleting it.
+	 * In the map case a xchg and then check to verify we have a sk protects
+	 * two paths from tearing down the same object. For hash map we lock the
+	 * bucket and remove the object from the hash map before destroying to
+	 * ensure that only one reference exists. By pulling object off the head
+	 * of the list with (with sk_callback_lock) if multiple deleters are
+	 * running we avoid duplicate references.
+	 */
+	e = psock_map_pop(sk, psock);
+	while (e) {
 		if (e->entry) {
 			osk = cmpxchg(e->entry, sk, NULL);
 			if (osk == sk) {
-				list_del(&e->list);
 				smap_release_sock(psock, sk);
 		} else {
-			hlist_del_rcu(&e->hash_link->hash_node);
-			smap_release_sock(psock, e->hash_link->sk);
-			free_htab_elem(e->htab, e->hash_link);
+			struct htab_elem *link = e->hash_link;
+			struct hlist_head *head;
+			struct htab_elem *l;
+			struct bucket *b;
+			b = __select_bucket(e->htab, link->hash);
+			head = &b->head;
+			raw_spin_lock_bh(&b->lock);
+			l = lookup_elem_raw(head,
+					    link->hash, link->key,
+					    e->htab->elem_size);
+			/* If another thread deleted this object skip deletion.
+			 * The refcnt on psock may or may not be zero.
+			 */
+			if (l) {
+				hlist_del_rcu(&e->hash_link->hash_node);
+				smap_release_sock(psock, e->hash_link->sk);
+				free_htab_elem(e->htab, e->hash_link);
+			}
+			raw_spin_unlock_bh(&b->lock);
+		e = psock_map_pop(sk, psock);
-	write_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock);
 	close_fun(sk, timeout);
@@ -2085,16 +2150,6 @@ static struct bpf_map *sock_hash_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
-static inline struct bucket *__select_bucket(struct bpf_htab *htab, u32 hash)
-	return &htab->buckets[hash & (htab->n_buckets - 1)];
-static inline struct hlist_head *select_bucket(struct bpf_htab *htab, u32 hash)
-	return &__select_bucket(htab, hash)->head;
 static void sock_hash_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 	struct bpf_htab *htab = container_of(map, struct bpf_htab, map);
@@ -2111,10 +2166,13 @@ static void sock_hash_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 	for (i = 0; i < htab->n_buckets; i++) {
-		struct hlist_head *head = select_bucket(htab, i);
+		struct bucket *b = __select_bucket(htab, i);
+		struct hlist_head *head;
 		struct hlist_node *n;
 		struct htab_elem *l;
+		raw_spin_lock_bh(&b->lock);
+		head = &b->head;
 		hlist_for_each_entry_safe(l, n, head, hash_node) {
 			struct sock *sock = l->sk;
 			struct smap_psock *psock;
@@ -2134,6 +2192,7 @@ static void sock_hash_free(struct bpf_map *map)
+		raw_spin_unlock_bh(&b->lock);
@@ -2164,19 +2223,6 @@ static struct htab_elem *alloc_sock_hash_elem(struct bpf_htab *htab,
 	return l_new;
-static struct htab_elem *lookup_elem_raw(struct hlist_head *head,
-					 u32 hash, void *key, u32 key_size)
-	struct htab_elem *l;
-	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(l, head, hash_node) {
-		if (l->hash == hash && !memcmp(&l->key, key, key_size))
-			return l;
-	}
-	return NULL;
 static inline u32 htab_map_hash(const void *key, u32 key_len)
 	return jhash(key, key_len, 0);
@@ -2308,8 +2354,10 @@ static int sock_hash_ctx_update_elem(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops,
 		psock = smap_psock_sk(l_old->sk);
+		write_lock_bh(&l_old->sk->sk_callback_lock);
 		smap_list_remove(psock, NULL, l_old);
 		smap_release_sock(psock, l_old->sk);
+		write_unlock_bh(&l_old->sk->sk_callback_lock);
 		free_htab_elem(htab, l_old);

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