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Date:   Thu, 17 Jan 2019 16:34:45 +0100
From:   Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
To:     ast@...nel.org
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org, Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Subject: [PATCH bpf] bpf: fix inner map masking to prevent oob under speculation

During review I noticed that inner meta map setup for map in
map is buggy in that it does not propagate all needed data
from the reference map which the verifier is later accessing.

In particular one such case is index masking to prevent out of
bounds access under speculative execution due to missing the
map's unpriv_array/index_mask field propagation. Fix this such
that the verifier is generating the correct code for inlined
lookups in case of unpriviledged use.

Before patch (test_verifier's 'map in map access' dump):

  # bpftool prog dump xla id 3
     0: (62) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = 0
     1: (bf) r2 = r10
     2: (07) r2 += -4
     3: (18) r1 = map[id:4]
     5: (07) r1 += 272                |
     6: (61) r0 = *(u32 *)(r2 +0)     |
     7: (35) if r0 >= 0x1 goto pc+6   | Inlined map in map lookup
     8: (54) (u32) r0 &= (u32) 0      | with index masking for
     9: (67) r0 <<= 3                 | map->unpriv_array.
    10: (0f) r0 += r1                 |
    11: (79) r0 = *(u64 *)(r0 +0)     |
    12: (15) if r0 == 0x0 goto pc+1   |
    13: (05) goto pc+1                |
    14: (b7) r0 = 0                   |
    15: (15) if r0 == 0x0 goto pc+11
    16: (62) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = 0
    17: (bf) r2 = r10
    18: (07) r2 += -4
    19: (bf) r1 = r0
    20: (07) r1 += 272                |
    21: (61) r0 = *(u32 *)(r2 +0)     | Index masking missing (!)
    22: (35) if r0 >= 0x1 goto pc+3   | for inner map despite
    23: (67) r0 <<= 3                 | map->unpriv_array set.
    24: (0f) r0 += r1                 |
    25: (05) goto pc+1                |
    26: (b7) r0 = 0                   |
    27: (b7) r0 = 0
    28: (95) exit

After patch:

  # bpftool prog dump xla id 1
     0: (62) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = 0
     1: (bf) r2 = r10
     2: (07) r2 += -4
     3: (18) r1 = map[id:2]
     5: (07) r1 += 272                |
     6: (61) r0 = *(u32 *)(r2 +0)     |
     7: (35) if r0 >= 0x1 goto pc+6   | Same inlined map in map lookup
     8: (54) (u32) r0 &= (u32) 0      | with index masking due to
     9: (67) r0 <<= 3                 | map->unpriv_array.
    10: (0f) r0 += r1                 |
    11: (79) r0 = *(u64 *)(r0 +0)     |
    12: (15) if r0 == 0x0 goto pc+1   |
    13: (05) goto pc+1                |
    14: (b7) r0 = 0                   |
    15: (15) if r0 == 0x0 goto pc+12
    16: (62) *(u32 *)(r10 -4) = 0
    17: (bf) r2 = r10
    18: (07) r2 += -4
    19: (bf) r1 = r0
    20: (07) r1 += 272                |
    21: (61) r0 = *(u32 *)(r2 +0)     |
    22: (35) if r0 >= 0x1 goto pc+4   | Now fixed inlined inner map
    23: (54) (u32) r0 &= (u32) 0      | lookup with proper index masking
    24: (67) r0 <<= 3                 | for map->unpriv_array.
    25: (0f) r0 += r1                 |
    26: (05) goto pc+1                |
    27: (b7) r0 = 0                   |
    28: (b7) r0 = 0
    29: (95) exit

Fixes: b2157399cc98 ("bpf: prevent out-of-bounds speculation")
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
---
 kernel/bpf/map_in_map.c | 17 +++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/map_in_map.c b/kernel/bpf/map_in_map.c
index 99d243e..52378d3 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/map_in_map.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/map_in_map.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
 struct bpf_map *bpf_map_meta_alloc(int inner_map_ufd)
 {
 	struct bpf_map *inner_map, *inner_map_meta;
+	u32 inner_map_meta_size;
 	struct fd f;
 
 	f = fdget(inner_map_ufd);
@@ -36,7 +37,12 @@ struct bpf_map *bpf_map_meta_alloc(int inner_map_ufd)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 	}
 
-	inner_map_meta = kzalloc(sizeof(*inner_map_meta), GFP_USER);
+	inner_map_meta_size = sizeof(*inner_map_meta);
+	/* In some cases verifier needs to access beyond just base map. */
+	if (inner_map->ops == &array_map_ops)
+		inner_map_meta_size = sizeof(struct bpf_array);
+
+	inner_map_meta = kzalloc(inner_map_meta_size, GFP_USER);
 	if (!inner_map_meta) {
 		fdput(f);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
@@ -46,9 +52,16 @@ struct bpf_map *bpf_map_meta_alloc(int inner_map_ufd)
 	inner_map_meta->key_size = inner_map->key_size;
 	inner_map_meta->value_size = inner_map->value_size;
 	inner_map_meta->map_flags = inner_map->map_flags;
-	inner_map_meta->ops = inner_map->ops;
 	inner_map_meta->max_entries = inner_map->max_entries;
 
+	/* Misc members not needed in bpf_map_meta_equal() check. */
+	inner_map_meta->ops = inner_map->ops;
+	if (inner_map->ops == &array_map_ops) {
+		inner_map_meta->unpriv_array = inner_map->unpriv_array;
+		container_of(inner_map_meta, struct bpf_array, map)->index_mask =
+		     container_of(inner_map, struct bpf_array, map)->index_mask;
+	}
+
 	fdput(f);
 	return inner_map_meta;
 }
-- 
2.9.5

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