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Date:   Wed, 16 Jan 2019 17:16:31 -0800
From:   Alexei Starovoitov <>
To:     Daniel Borkmann <>
Cc:     Alexei Starovoitov <>,,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next 1/9] bpf: introduce bpf_spin_lock

On Thu, Jan 17, 2019 at 01:21:32AM +0100, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
> On 01/17/2019 12:30 AM, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> > On Thu, Jan 17, 2019 at 12:16:44AM +0100, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
> >> On 01/16/2019 11:48 PM, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
> >>> On 01/16/2019 06:08 AM, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> >> [...]
> >>>> @@ -6096,6 +6226,11 @@ static int do_check(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
> >>>>  					return -EINVAL;
> >>>>  				}
> >>>>  
> >>>> +				if (env->cur_state->active_spin_lock) {
> >>>> +					verbose(env, "bpf_spin_unlock is missing\n");
> >>>> +					return -EINVAL;
> >>>> +				}
> >>>> +
> >>>>  				if (state->curframe) {
> >>>>  					/* exit from nested function */
> >>>>  					env->prev_insn_idx = env->insn_idx;
> >>>
> >>> I think if I'm not mistaken there should still be a possibility for causing a
> >>> deadlock, namely if in the middle of the critical section I'm using an LD_ABS
> >>> or LD_IND instruction with oob index such that I cause an implicit return 0
> >>> while lock is held. At least I don't see this being caught, probably also for
> >>> such case a test_verifier snippet would be good.
> >>>
> >>> Wouldn't we also need to mark queued spinlock functions as notrace such that
> >>> e.g. from kprobe one cannot attach to these causing a deadlock?
> >>
> >> I think there may be another problem: haven't verified, but it might be possible
> >> at least from reading the code that I have two programs which share a common
> >> array/hash with spin_lock in BTF provided. Program A is properly using spin_lock
> >> as in one of your examples. Program B is using map in map with inner map being
> >> that same map using spin_lock. When we return that fake inner_map_meta as
> >> reg->map_ptr then we can bypass any read/write restrictions into spin_lock area
> >> which is normally prevented by verifier. Meaning, map in map needs to be made
> >> aware of spin_lock case as well.
> > 
> > 2nd great catch. thanks!
> > Indeed inner_map_meta doesn't preserve all the fields from struct bpf_map.
> > It seems long term we'll be able to support spin_lock in inner map too,
> > but for now I'll disable it.
> There's also one more potential issue in pruning I _think_. In regsafe() we
> make the basic assumption that for PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE id has been zeroed which
> is true up to here, and as such we prune state not taking id into account.
> The only other case we have is PTR_TO_SOCKET{,_OR_NULL} which only allows
> for exact matches. Potentially there could be a case where you have two map
> pointers from different branches but with same basic map properties read/
> writing map data, and in first run for PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE w/o spin_lock path
> it was considered safe such that we would get a match in regsafe() as well
> and could potentially prune the access? I guess definitely worth adding such
> test case to test_verifier to make sure.

Hmm. Something to think about for sure.
I belive if (old->active_spin_lock != cur->active_spin_lock) check
protects from all cases where spin_lock-ed paths are mixed with non-spin.
Like going through non-locked ld/st of map_value in the first pass through
the prog and then jumping half way into that pass after taking spin_lock
to trigger regsafe().
I cannot quite see how to construct such test without triggering
old->active_spin_lock != cur->active_spin_lock
before reaching regsafe().
But I will keep thinking.
If you have more concrete description for the test please suggest.

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