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Date:   Tue, 05 Feb 2019 00:55:39 +0100
From:   Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@...il.com>
To:     Andrew Lunn <andrew@...n.ch>
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org, Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@...il.com>,
        Vivien Didelot <vivien.didelot@...il.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1] net: dsa: qca8k: implement DT-based ports <-> phy translation

Hello Andrew and Florian.

I concated both replies into this post.

On Monday, February 4, 2019 11:26:41 PM CET Andrew Lunn wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 04, 2019 at 10:35:55PM +0100, Christian Lamparter wrote:
> > The QCA8337 enumerates 5 PHYs on the MDC/MDIO access: PHY0-PHY4.
> > Based on the System Block Diagram in Section 1.2 of the
> > QCA8337's datasheet. These PHYs are internally connected
> > to MACs of PORT 1 - PORT 5.
> 
> Hi Christian
> 
> Is the off-by-one the problem here?
> 
Yes, this was triggered by a MII_PHYSID1 and MII_PHYSID2 read for a 
non-existent PHY at address >0x5< coming from dsa_register_switch()
during boot.

I added a WARN_ON to qca8k_phy_read() to see from where the reads are
coming from:

[    6.218168] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 21 at qca8k_phy_read+0x3c/0x68
[    6.224062] Modules linked in:
[    6.227107] CPU: 0 PID: 21 Comm: kworker/0:1 Tainted: G        W         4.19.16 #0
[    6.234732] Workqueue: events deferred_probe_work_func
[    6.239849] NIP:  c0308528 LR: c0308528 CTR: c0257d30
[    6.244878] REGS: cf485b80 TRAP: 0700   Tainted: G        W          (4.19.16)
[    6.252064] MSR:  00029000 <CE,EE,ME>  CR: 28002222  XER: 00000000
[    6.258224]
[    6.258224] GPR00: c0308528 cf485c30 cf47c000 00000005 00000000 00000215 c09d61e4 c09d3de0
[    6.258224] GPR08: 00021000 c09bfb00 c09bfb00 00000007 24002444 00000000 c003f81c cf466060
[    6.258224] GPR16: ffffffff cf633f60 cf633f6c 00000001 cf633f40 c0589f7c 006080c0 c09bede8
[    6.258224] GPR24: cf633f40 00000000 00000000 fffff000 00000003 cdf21790 00000003 00000005
[    6.292952] NIP [c0308528] qca8k_phy_read+0x3c/0x68
[    6.297808] LR [c0308528] qca8k_phy_read+0x3c/0x68
[    6.302574] Call Trace:
[    6.305013] [cf485c30] [c0308528] qca8k_phy_read+0x3c/0x68 (unreliable)
[    6.311602] [cf485c50] [c0300530] mdiobus_read+0x6c/0x9c
[    6.316894] [cf485c70] [c02ffdcc] get_phy_device+0x188/0x204
[    6.322527] [cf485cd0] [c0300740] mdiobus_scan+0x20/0x160
[    6.327901] [cf485d00] [c0300a3c] __mdiobus_register+0x1bc/0x2a8
[    6.333884] [cf485d30] [c047e690] dsa_register_switch+0x6a0/0x904
[    6.339954] [cf485db0] [c0300dd8] mdio_probe+0x40/0x88
[    6.345070] [cf485dc0] [c026947c] really_probe+0x168/0x300
[    6.350530] [cf485df0] [c0269b44] driver_probe_device+0x410/0x460
[    6.356594] [cf485e10] [c02672cc] bus_for_each_drv+0x5c/0xc0
[    6.362229] [cf485e40] [c0269270] __device_attach+0xa8/0x144
[    6.367862] [cf485e70] [c0268430] bus_probe_device+0x3c/0xc0
[    6.373495] [cf485e90] [c02689dc] deferred_probe_work_func+0x70/0xac
[    6.379821] [cf485eb0] [c003a2c4] process_one_work+0x25c/0x3b0
[    6.385633] [cf485ed0] [c003a708] worker_thread+0x2f0/0x434
[    6.391180] [cf485f10] [c003f950] kthread+0x134/0x138
[    6.396209] [cf485f40] [c000d23c] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x14/0x1c
[    6.402357] Instruction dump:
[    6.405313] 93c10018 7cbe2b78 93e1001c 7c9f2378 93a10014 83a30018 4bfffe4d 3d20c058
[    6.413027] 7c651b78 7fe4fb78 3869c970 4bd4e35d <0fe00000> 80010024 7fc5f378 807d0004
[    6.420916] ---[ end trace 00aeb6767b21cd36 ]---

If I disable port@5 (see qca8k.txt example)
<https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/master/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/dsa/qca8k.txt#L103>

then problem went away (but of course, this makes the WAN port useless).

When I looked more into it, I started to notice that the mdiobus_scan
started from address >1< (not 0). It was skipping PHY0 (which does exist!)
and then the extract from qca8k.txt suddenly made sense:

|The integrated switch subnode should be specified according to the binding
|described in dsa/dsa.txt. As the QCA8K switches do not have a N:N mapping of
|port and PHY id, each subnode describing a port needs to have a valid phandle
|referencing the internal PHY connected to it. The CPU port of this switch is
|always port 0.

>From what I can tell, the slave mdio port-numbers (i.e 0 - 5/6 on the qca8k)
are being used directly as phy-addresses on the slave-bus. And since the port0
is a cpu port it gets skipped when the ds->phy_mii_mask is created in
dsa_switch_setup():

| ds->phys_mii_mask |= dsa_user_ports(ds);  // 0x3E

<https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.0-rc5/source/net/dsa/dsa2.c#L350>

However, ds->phys_mii_mask is used to calculate the slave's phy_mask in
dsa_slave_mii_bus_init()

|ds->slave_mii_bus->phy_mask = ~ds->phys_mii_mask; // ~0x3E

<https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/master/net/dsa/slave.c#L61>

which is then later used by __mdiobus_register() to scan for the
supposedly existing PHY at 0x1 - 0x5.

|	for (i = 0; i < PHY_MAX_ADDR; i++) {
|		if ((bus->phy_mask & (1 << i)) == 0) {
|			struct phy_device *phydev;
|
|			phydev = mdiobus_scan(bus, i);
|			if (IS_ERR(phydev) && (PTR_ERR(phydev) != -ENODEV)) {
|				err = PTR_ERR(phydev);
|				goto error;
|			}
|		}
|	}

So, I'm looking for a way to get this "-1" somewhere and this version
was the best justification I came up with. Because as Florian said,
this is supposed to work for different drivers as well.

---

On Monday, February 4, 2019 11:11:41 PM CET Florian Fainelli wrote:
> On 2/4/19 1:35 PM, Christian Lamparter wrote:
> > The QCA8337 enumerates 5 PHYs on the MDC/MDIO access: PHY0-PHY4.
> > Based on the System Block Diagram in Section 1.2 of the
> > QCA8337's datasheet. These PHYs are internally connected
> > to MACs of PORT 1 - PORT 5. However, neither qca8k's slave
> > mdio access functions qca8k_phy_read()/qca8k_phy_write()
> > nor the dsa framework is set up for that.
> > 
> > This version of the patch uses the existing phy-handle
> > properties of each specified DSA Port in the DT to map
> > each PORT/MAC to its exposed PHY on the MDIO bus. This
> > is supported by the current binding document qca8k.txt
> > as well.
> 
> I don't think you should have to do any of this translation, because you
> can do a couple of things with DSA/Device Tree:
> 
> - you can not provide a phy-handle property at all, in which case, the
> core DSA layer assumes that the PHY is part of the switch's internal
> MDIO bus which is implictly created by dsa_slave_mii_bus_create()
> 
> - you can specify a phy-handle property and then the PHY device tree
> node can be placed pretty much anywhere in Device Tree, including on a
> separate MDIO bus Device Tre node which is "external" to the switch
> 
> In either case, the PHY device's MDIO bus parent and its address are
> taken care of by drivers/of/of_mdio.c. You can look at mx88e6xxx for how
> it deals with its internal vs. external MDIO bus controller and that
> driver is used on a wide variety of cconfiguration.

Hm, this sounds to me like the qca8k driver might be cheating a bit. Though,
I can't really tell, I found "stub" translation routines in the mv88e6060
driver called mv88e6060_port_to_phy_addr(). But it just checks the range.
I think the issue here is that qca8k_phy_read/write don't actually operate
on the "internal" mdio-bus of the switch. Instead the mdiobus_read/write
in qca8k_phy_read/write operates on the provided mdio-bus (by the 
ethernet-mac or gpio-mdio, etc...). But let's see what else can be done 
(maybe qca8k_phy_read/write() is just wrong and should be dropped?).

Regards,
Christian


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