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Date:   Thu, 14 Feb 2019 09:13:28 -0800 (PST)
From:   David Miller <>
Subject: Re: [RESEND PATCH net] mm: page_alloc: fix ref bias in
 page_frag_alloc() for 1-byte allocs

From: Jann Horn <>
Date: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 22:45:59 +0100

> The basic idea behind ->pagecnt_bias is: If we pre-allocate the maximum
> number of references that we might need to create in the fastpath later,
> the bump-allocation fastpath only has to modify the non-atomic bias value
> that tracks the number of extra references we hold instead of the atomic
> refcount. The maximum number of allocations we can serve (under the
> assumption that no allocation is made with size 0) is nc->size, so that's
> the bias used.
> However, even when all memory in the allocation has been given away, a
> reference to the page is still held; and in the `offset < 0` slowpath, the
> page may be reused if everyone else has dropped their references.
> This means that the necessary number of references is actually
> `nc->size+1`.
> Luckily, from a quick grep, it looks like the only path that can call
> page_frag_alloc(fragsz=1) is TAP with the IFF_NAPI_FRAGS flag, which
> requires CAP_NET_ADMIN in the init namespace and is only intended to be
> used for kernel testing and fuzzing.
> To test for this issue, put a `WARN_ON(page_ref_count(page) == 0)` in the
> `offset < 0` path, below the virt_to_page() call, and then repeatedly call
> writev() on a TAP device with IFF_TAP|IFF_NO_PI|IFF_NAPI_FRAGS|IFF_NAPI,
> with a vector consisting of 15 elements containing 1 byte each.
> Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <>

Applied and queued up for -stable.

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