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Date:   Sun, 24 Feb 2019 00:42:35 +0100
From:   Andrew Lunn <>
To:     Heiner Kallweit <>
Cc:     Russell King - ARM Linux admin <>,
        Florian Fainelli <>,
        "" <>
Subject: Re: No traffic with Marvell switch and latest linux-next

> it took me quite some time to debug this issue ..
> At first a bisect pointed to one of my commits:
> 5502b218e001 ("net: phy: use phy_resolve_aneg_linkmode in genphy_read_status")
> Further digging lead me to some suspicious dsa code:
> In dsa_port_fixed_link_register_of() there's a call to genphy_read_status().
> At the time of the call phydev->advertising is empty, therefore the fixed phy
> settings are overwritten with defaults (10/half) what breaks the system.
> Worth to be mentioned is that for the PHY these two flags are set:
> - is_pseudo_fixed_link (that's ok)
> - autoneg -> I'm not sure this is correct.
> It seems that you once added the code in question:
> 39b0c705195e ("net: dsa: Allow configuration of CPU & DSA port speeds/duplex")

Hi Heiner

For Ethernet switches, you can have device trees like this:

                       switch0: switch@0 {
                                compatible = "marvell,mv88e6085";
                                pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_gpio_switch0>;
                                pinctrl-names = "default";
                                reg = <0>;
                                dsa,member = <0 0>;
                                interrupt-parent = <&gpio0>;
                                interrupts = <27 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_LOW>;
                                #interrupt-cells = <2>;
                                eeprom-length = <512>;

                                ports {
                                        #address-cells = <1>;
                                        #size-cells = <0>;

                                        port@0 {
                                                reg = <0>;
                                                label = "lan0";
                                                phy-handle = <&switch0phy0>;

                                        switch0port5: port@5 {
                                                reg = <5>;
                                                label = "dsa";
                                                phy-mode = "rgmii-txid";
                                                link = <&switch1port6
                                                fixed-link {
                                                        speed = <1000>;

This is a DSA port. It is used to connect two Ethernet switches
together. In this case, the MACs are connected back to back. There are
no PHYs involved. These ports don't have a netdev associated with
them, since they are just pipes between switches, not user interfaces.

If i remember correctly, the code you are looking at was to deal with
the "rgmii-txid". Without the TXID, i could not get frames to pass
between the ports.

There is a second use case as well. The Vybrid FEC ethernet controller
is a Fast Ethernet port. The switch ports are 1G. DSA drivers set the
port connecting to the SoC to its highest speed. Again, there is no
netdev associated to the switch port, and generally the MAC ports are
connected back to back. This 100 vs 1000 does not work for the
Vybrid. So we add a fixed PHY to the CPU port.

                                        port@6 {
                                                reg = <6>;
                                                label = "cpu";
                                                ethernet = <&fec1>;

                                                fixed-link {
                                                        speed = <100>;

And there is a third use case:

                                       port@4 {
                                                reg = <4>;
                                                label = "optical4";

                                                fixed-link {
                                                        speed = <1000>;
                                                        link-gpios = <&gpio6 3

We have a GPIO which tells us if the link it up, because there is not
a PHY here, but an optical module. The GPIO tells us about loss of
signal. Unfortunately we cannot use the SFP driver here, because of a
hardware issue.

In all cases end up in the same code. We want to tell the MAC to
configure RGMII delays, or to configure the port speed, or to have the
correct initial link state. The adjust_link() call can do this, if
passed a phydev. And we have a phydev for the fixed-link PHY. However,
since it has never been attached to a netdev, phy_start() called, etc,
the state information is maybe not correct. So we call config_init()
and read_status(), so phydev should reflect the state of the
fixed-link PHY. And a fixed-link PHY is always c22, and it can be
driven by genphy. Take a look at drivers/net/phy/swphy.c which is the
core of the simulation, and fixed_phy.c

> I did what I like to do most and removed some code.
> W/o the calls to genphy_config_init() and genphy_read_status() it works again.
> Do these calls have some purpose here with a fixed link?

Maybe with all the core changes, these calls are no longer needed? We
just need to ensure the state in phydev reflects the state of the
fixed link, i.e. in this case 100 Full.

Looking forward, at some point we are going to have to make fixed-link
support higher speeds. That probably means we need a swphy-c45 which
emulates the standard registers for 2.5G, 5G and 10G. At that point
genphy will not work...


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