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Date:   Wed, 8 May 2019 12:28:42 +0800
From:   Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
To:     "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@...hat.com>
Cc:     kvm@...r.kernel.org, virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@...senpartnership.com>,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Darren Hart <dvhart@...radead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC] vhost: don't use kmap() to log dirty pages


On 2019/5/8 下午12:12, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Mon, May 06, 2019 at 10:23:29PM -0400, Jason Wang wrote:
>> Vhost log dirty pages directly to a userspace bitmap through GUP and
>> kmap_atomic() since kernel doesn't have a set_bit_to_user()
>> helper. This will cause issues for the arch that has virtually tagged
>> caches. The way to fix is to keep using userspace virtual address.
>>
>> Fortunately, futex has a cmpxchg to userspace memory helper
>> futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(). So switch to use it to exchange the
>> userspace bitmap with zero, set the bit and then write it back through
>> put_user().
>>
>> Note: there're archs (few non popular ones) that don't implement
>> futex helper, we can't log dirty pages. We can fix them on top or
>> simply disable LOG_ALL features of vhost.
> Or implement futex_atomic_cmpxchg using kmap if they don't have
> virtually tagged caches.


Yes, this might work.


>
>> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>
>> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com>
>> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>
>> Fixes: 3a4d5c94e9593 ("vhost_net: a kernel-level virtio server")
>> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/vhost/vhost.c | 27 +++++++++++++++------------
>>   1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
>> index 351af88..9c94c41 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
>> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
>>   #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
>>   #include <linux/interval_tree_generic.h>
>>   #include <linux/nospec.h>
>> +#include <asm/futex.h>
>>   
>>   #include "vhost.h"
>>   
>> @@ -1692,25 +1693,27 @@ long vhost_dev_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int ioctl, void __user *argp)
>>   }
>>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_ioctl);
>>   
>> -/* TODO: This is really inefficient.  We need something like get_user()
>> - * (instruction directly accesses the data, with an exception table entry
>> - * returning -EFAULT). See Documentation/x86/exception-tables.txt.
>> - */
>> -static int set_bit_to_user(int nr, void __user *addr)
>> +static int set_bit_to_user(int nr, u32 __user *addr)
>>   {
>>   	unsigned long log = (unsigned long)addr;
>>   	struct page *page;
>> -	void *base;
>> -	int bit = nr + (log % PAGE_SIZE) * 8;
>> +	u32 old_log;
>>   	int r;
>>   
>>   	r = get_user_pages_fast(log, 1, 1, &page);
>>   	if (r < 0)
>>   		return r;
>>   	BUG_ON(r != 1);
>> -	base = kmap_atomic(page);
>> -	set_bit(bit, base);
>> -	kunmap_atomic(base);
>> +
>> +	r = futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(&old_log, addr, 0, 0);
>> +	if (r < 0)
>> +		return r;
> So I think this is a great idea!
>
> However one issue here is that futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic will fail if the
> page is swapped out. I suspect we need a variant that blocks the thread
> instead.


I guess not since the patch still try to pin the page before.

Thanks


>
>> +
>> +	old_log |= 1 << nr;
>> +	r = put_user(old_log, addr);
>> +	if (r < 0)
>> +		return r;
>> +
>>   	set_page_dirty_lock(page);
>>   	put_page(page);
>>   	return 0;
>> @@ -1727,8 +1730,8 @@ static int log_write(void __user *log_base,
>>   	write_length += write_address % VHOST_PAGE_SIZE;
>>   	for (;;) {
>>   		u64 base = (u64)(unsigned long)log_base;
>> -		u64 log = base + write_page / 8;
>> -		int bit = write_page % 8;
>> +		u64 log = base + write_page / 32;
>> +		int bit = write_page % 32;
>>   		if ((u64)(unsigned long)log != log)
>>   			return -EFAULT;
>>   		r = set_bit_to_user(bit, (void __user *)(unsigned long)log);
>> -- 
>> 1.8.3.1

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