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Date:   Thu, 16 May 2019 15:52:58 -0700
From:   Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com>
To:     Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@...ronome.com>
Cc:     Boris Pismenny <borisp@...lanox.com>,
        "davem@...emloft.net" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "oss-drivers@...ronome.com" <oss-drivers@...ronome.com>,
        "davejwatson@...com" <davejwatson@...com>,
        "john.fastabend@...il.com" <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        "vakul.garg@....com" <vakul.garg@....com>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Tariq Toukan <tariqt@...lanox.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net 3/3] Documentation: add TLS offload documentation

On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 02:39:03PM -0700, Jakub Kicinski wrote:
> On Thu, 16 May 2019 12:32:59 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> > On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 11:42:03AM -0700, Jakub Kicinski wrote:
> > > On Thu, 16 May 2019 11:13:47 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> > > > On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 10:57 AM Jakub Kicinski wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > >   The preferred method of reporting the Layer 4 (TCP) checksum offload
> > > > >   for packets decrypted by the device is to update the checksum field
> > > > >   to the correct value for clear text and report CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY
> > > > >   or CHECKSUM_COMPLETE computed over clear text. However, the exact
> > > > >   semantics of RX checksum offload when NIC performs data modification
> > > > >   are not clear and subject to change.
> > > >
> > > > when host is consuming the tcp stream I don't see the value of
> > > > tcp checksum on top tls.
> > > > In that sense CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is fine and no
> > > > need to update checksum field.
> > > > Even in case of sockmap and tcp stream redirect it is still fine.
> > > > Only the tcp payload being redirected to a different tcp socket
> > > > and the headers are gone.
> > > > So imo in all cases CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is fine
> > > > even without adjustment to checksum field.
> > >
> > > No question that CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY currently works.
> > > But it's not "entirely" correct without the header fixup?
> > > Device modifies the data - it should fix up the checksum.
> >
> > I think it's an interesting angle to discuss.
> > Though ktls in hw is done per packet many key fields of ip/tcp headers
> > are fully processed.
> 
> Checksum has been validated, 5-tuple extracted and sequence number
> confirmed.  That's not that much, aRFS will do most of it.
> 
> > socket is selected and payload is decrypted.
> 
> To be clear socket is not assigned to the skb by the offload today.

but it can cause issues...
if anything after driver tweaks ip header the decrypted payload will go
into wrong socket ?

> I only realized it after replying to your other statements but the key
> is that the device and the kernel are still tightly coupled by the
> decrypted bit set in the descriptor and then the skb.  So there is no
> wire-level middlebox going on here.
> 
> > imo it is better to state that such headers have been 'consumed' by hw.
> > Where 'consumed' would mean that hw did what network layering suppose to do
> > and the stack should not look at them (because they can contain garbage).
> > (in that sense it's fine to keep csum unadjusted. imo it's ok to zero-out IP too)
> > Such decrypted skb is essentially a wrapper of payload plus
> > left-over headers passed to the stack.
> 
> Expressing that cleanly in terms of sk_buff fields seems hard.  We
> could add another checksum bit to denote CHECKSUM_BROKEN_BUT_OKAY,
> if we really need it (today as stated for TCP streams UNNECESSARY
> works with mangled csums).

I'm not proposing any new skb fields.
Only to document what fields were consumed by hw and should not be
touched by the stack before skb reaches the user.
If it helps I'm proposing a pseudo flag on a tcp socket that it's
being ktls offloaded and care should be taken.

> 
> > I think it makes sense to clarify which headers have been consumed/processed.
> > Like: IP4/6+protocol+port+csum - processed, whereas
> > tcp bits, dscp, ecn are still valid and have to be processed by the stack.
> 
> Invalidating the 5 tuple on the packet seems like a step backward,
> the stack would no longer have the ability to match the packets based
> on header fields for firewalling, accounting, whatnot.

good point. IP needs to be preserved for lookup purpose,
but not for rewriting.
The fields that were not 'consumed' during ktls offload
can be mangled by the stack.

> 
> > > I was trying (unsuccessfully) to hint at the fact that it's okay
> > > today to leave the checksum be, but at the same time if someone
> > > is designing new HW or has the ability to fix this up in microcode
> > > I think the TCP csum should be fixed..
> >
> > I don't think so. hw should work together with the stack
> > instead of being 'inline transparent decryption box'.
> 
> I'd rather not extend socket handling into the firmware.  I'm hoping
> that a narrower interface (checksum bit + decrypted bit) will give more
> independence to the stack, and I see no negative implications for the
> the firmware (negative in the sense we don't have to trust and be bound
> by it).
> 
> > If hw decrypts stuff and adjusts csum it would imply that stack
> > will see completely valid headers. It would also imply that
> > the stack must check csum.
> 
> What's wrong with the checksum being fixed up after data gets processed?
> It's not that the stack _must_ check the checksum, it's that the stack
> _may_ reasonably look at that field - CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY.

because it makes an illusion that the stack sees a valid tcp stream.
But it is not. Arbitrary changes no longer allowed.
The set of decrypted skbs must belong only to the socket that has ktls on
and being offloaded.

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