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Date:   Tue, 21 May 2019 20:14:21 -0700
From:   Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
To:     <davem@...emloft.net>
CC:     <daniel@...earbox.net>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 bpf-next 3/3] selftests/bpf: add pyperf scale test

Add a snippet of pyperf bpf program used to collect python stack traces
as a scale test for the verifier.

At 189 loop iterations llvm 9.0 starts ignoring '#pragma unroll'
and generates partially unrolled loop instead.
Hence use 50, 100, and 180 loop iterations to stress test.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>
---
 .../bpf/prog_tests/bpf_verif_scale.c          |  31 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf.h    | 268 ++++++++++++++++++
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf100.c |   4 +
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf180.c |   4 +
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf50.c  |   4 +
 5 files changed, 298 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf.h
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf100.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf180.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf50.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/bpf_verif_scale.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/bpf_verif_scale.c
index b74e2f6e96d0..ce03289c9077 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/bpf_verif_scale.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/bpf_verif_scale.c
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ static int libbpf_debug_print(enum libbpf_print_level level,
 	return vfprintf(stderr, "%s", args);
 }
 
-static int check_load(const char *file)
+static int check_load(const char *file, enum bpf_prog_type type)
 {
 	struct bpf_prog_load_attr attr;
 	struct bpf_object *obj = NULL;
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ static int check_load(const char *file)
 
 	memset(&attr, 0, sizeof(struct bpf_prog_load_attr));
 	attr.file = file;
-	attr.prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_SCHED_CLS;
+	attr.prog_type = type;
 	attr.log_level = 4;
 	err = bpf_prog_load_xattr(&attr, &obj, &prog_fd);
 	bpf_object__close(obj);
@@ -31,19 +31,24 @@ static int check_load(const char *file)
 
 void test_bpf_verif_scale(void)
 {
-	const char *file1 = "./test_verif_scale1.o";
-	const char *file2 = "./test_verif_scale2.o";
-	const char *file3 = "./test_verif_scale3.o";
-	int err;
+	const char *scale[] = {
+		"./test_verif_scale1.o", "./test_verif_scale2.o", "./test_verif_scale3.o"
+	};
+	const char *pyperf[] = {
+		"./pyperf50.o",	"./pyperf100.o", "./pyperf180.o"
+	};
+	int err, i;
 
 	if (verifier_stats)
 		libbpf_set_print(libbpf_debug_print);
 
-	err = check_load(file1);
-	err |= check_load(file2);
-	err |= check_load(file3);
-	if (!err)
-		printf("test_verif_scale:OK\n");
-	else
-		printf("test_verif_scale:FAIL\n");
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(scale); i++) {
+		err = check_load(scale[i], BPF_PROG_TYPE_SCHED_CLS);
+		printf("test_scale:%s:%s\n", scale[i], err ? "FAIL" : "OK");
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pyperf); i++) {
+		err = check_load(pyperf[i], BPF_PROG_TYPE_RAW_TRACEPOINT);
+		printf("test_scale:%s:%s\n", pyperf[i], err ? "FAIL" : "OK");
+	}
 }
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf.h b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0cc5e4ee90bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,268 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (c) 2019 Facebook
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+
+#define FUNCTION_NAME_LEN 64
+#define FILE_NAME_LEN 128
+#define TASK_COMM_LEN 16
+
+typedef struct {
+	int PyThreadState_frame;
+	int PyThreadState_thread;
+	int PyFrameObject_back;
+	int PyFrameObject_code;
+	int PyFrameObject_lineno;
+	int PyCodeObject_filename;
+	int PyCodeObject_name;
+	int String_data;
+	int String_size;
+} OffsetConfig;
+
+typedef struct {
+	uintptr_t current_state_addr;
+	uintptr_t tls_key_addr;
+	OffsetConfig offsets;
+	bool use_tls;
+} PidData;
+
+typedef struct {
+	uint32_t success;
+} Stats;
+
+typedef struct {
+	char name[FUNCTION_NAME_LEN];
+	char file[FILE_NAME_LEN];
+} Symbol;
+
+typedef struct {
+	uint32_t pid;
+	uint32_t tid;
+	char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN];
+	int32_t kernel_stack_id;
+	int32_t user_stack_id;
+	bool thread_current;
+	bool pthread_match;
+	bool stack_complete;
+	int16_t stack_len;
+	int32_t stack[STACK_MAX_LEN];
+
+	int has_meta;
+	int metadata;
+	char dummy_safeguard;
+} Event;
+
+
+struct bpf_elf_map {
+	__u32 type;
+	__u32 size_key;
+	__u32 size_value;
+	__u32 max_elem;
+	__u32 flags;
+};
+
+typedef int pid_t;
+
+typedef struct {
+	void* f_back; // PyFrameObject.f_back, previous frame
+	void* f_code; // PyFrameObject.f_code, pointer to PyCodeObject
+	void* co_filename; // PyCodeObject.co_filename
+	void* co_name; // PyCodeObject.co_name
+} FrameData;
+
+static inline __attribute__((__always_inline__)) void*
+get_thread_state(void* tls_base, PidData* pidData)
+{
+	void* thread_state;
+	int key;
+
+	bpf_probe_read(&key, sizeof(key), (void*)(long)pidData->tls_key_addr);
+	bpf_probe_read(&thread_state, sizeof(thread_state),
+		       tls_base + 0x310 + key * 0x10 + 0x08);
+	return thread_state;
+}
+
+static inline __attribute__((__always_inline__)) bool
+get_frame_data(void* frame_ptr, PidData* pidData, FrameData* frame, Symbol* symbol)
+{
+	// read data from PyFrameObject
+	bpf_probe_read(&frame->f_back,
+		       sizeof(frame->f_back),
+		       frame_ptr + pidData->offsets.PyFrameObject_back);
+	bpf_probe_read(&frame->f_code,
+		       sizeof(frame->f_code),
+		       frame_ptr + pidData->offsets.PyFrameObject_code);
+
+	// read data from PyCodeObject
+	if (!frame->f_code)
+		return false;
+	bpf_probe_read(&frame->co_filename,
+		       sizeof(frame->co_filename),
+		       frame->f_code + pidData->offsets.PyCodeObject_filename);
+	bpf_probe_read(&frame->co_name,
+		       sizeof(frame->co_name),
+		       frame->f_code + pidData->offsets.PyCodeObject_name);
+	// read actual names into symbol
+	if (frame->co_filename)
+		bpf_probe_read_str(&symbol->file,
+				   sizeof(symbol->file),
+				   frame->co_filename + pidData->offsets.String_data);
+	if (frame->co_name)
+		bpf_probe_read_str(&symbol->name,
+				   sizeof(symbol->name),
+				   frame->co_name + pidData->offsets.String_data);
+	return true;
+}
+
+struct bpf_elf_map SEC("maps") pidmap = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+	.size_key = sizeof(int),
+	.size_value = sizeof(PidData),
+	.max_elem = 1,
+};
+
+struct bpf_elf_map SEC("maps") eventmap = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+	.size_key = sizeof(int),
+	.size_value = sizeof(Event),
+	.max_elem = 1,
+};
+
+struct bpf_elf_map SEC("maps") symbolmap = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+	.size_key = sizeof(Symbol),
+	.size_value = sizeof(int),
+	.max_elem = 1,
+};
+
+struct bpf_elf_map SEC("maps") statsmap = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+	.size_key = sizeof(Stats),
+	.size_value = sizeof(int),
+	.max_elem = 1,
+};
+
+struct bpf_elf_map SEC("maps") perfmap = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY,
+	.size_key = sizeof(int),
+	.size_value = sizeof(int),
+	.max_elem = 32,
+};
+
+struct bpf_elf_map SEC("maps") stackmap = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_STACK_TRACE,
+	.size_key = sizeof(int),
+	.size_value = sizeof(long long) * 127,
+	.max_elem = 1000,
+};
+
+static inline __attribute__((__always_inline__)) int __on_event(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+{
+	uint64_t pid_tgid = bpf_get_current_pid_tgid();
+	pid_t pid = (pid_t)(pid_tgid >> 32);
+	PidData* pidData = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&pidmap, &pid);
+	if (!pidData)
+		return 0;
+
+	int zero = 0;
+	Event* event = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&eventmap, &zero);
+	if (!event)
+		return 0;
+
+	event->pid = pid;
+
+	event->tid = (pid_t)pid_tgid;
+	bpf_get_current_comm(&event->comm, sizeof(event->comm));
+
+	event->user_stack_id = bpf_get_stackid(ctx, &stackmap, BPF_F_USER_STACK);
+	event->kernel_stack_id = bpf_get_stackid(ctx, &stackmap, 0);
+
+	void* thread_state_current = (void*)0;
+	bpf_probe_read(&thread_state_current,
+		       sizeof(thread_state_current),
+		       (void*)(long)pidData->current_state_addr);
+
+	struct task_struct* task = (struct task_struct*)bpf_get_current_task();
+	void* tls_base = (void*)task;
+
+	void* thread_state = pidData->use_tls ? get_thread_state(tls_base, pidData)
+		: thread_state_current;
+	event->thread_current = thread_state == thread_state_current;
+
+	if (pidData->use_tls) {
+		uint64_t pthread_created;
+		uint64_t pthread_self;
+		bpf_probe_read(&pthread_self, sizeof(pthread_self), tls_base + 0x10);
+
+		bpf_probe_read(&pthread_created,
+			       sizeof(pthread_created),
+			       thread_state + pidData->offsets.PyThreadState_thread);
+		event->pthread_match = pthread_created == pthread_self;
+	} else {
+		event->pthread_match = 1;
+	}
+
+	if (event->pthread_match || !pidData->use_tls) {
+		void* frame_ptr;
+		FrameData frame;
+		Symbol sym = {};
+		int cur_cpu = bpf_get_smp_processor_id();
+
+		bpf_probe_read(&frame_ptr,
+			       sizeof(frame_ptr),
+			       thread_state + pidData->offsets.PyThreadState_frame);
+
+		int32_t* symbol_counter = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&symbolmap, &sym);
+		if (symbol_counter == NULL)
+			return 0;
+#pragma unroll
+		/* Unwind python stack */
+		for (int i = 0; i < STACK_MAX_LEN; ++i) {
+			if (frame_ptr && get_frame_data(frame_ptr, pidData, &frame, &sym)) {
+				int32_t new_symbol_id = *symbol_counter * 64 + cur_cpu;
+				int32_t *symbol_id = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&symbolmap, &sym);
+				if (!symbol_id) {
+					bpf_map_update_elem(&symbolmap, &sym, &zero, 0);
+					symbol_id = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&symbolmap, &sym);
+					if (!symbol_id)
+						return 0;
+				}
+				if (*symbol_id == new_symbol_id)
+					(*symbol_counter)++;
+				event->stack[i] = *symbol_id;
+				event->stack_len = i + 1;
+				frame_ptr = frame.f_back;
+			}
+		}
+		event->stack_complete = frame_ptr == NULL;
+	} else {
+		event->stack_complete = 1;
+	}
+
+	Stats* stats = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&statsmap, &zero);
+	if (stats)
+		stats->success++;
+
+	event->has_meta = 0;
+	bpf_perf_event_output(ctx, &perfmap, 0, event, offsetof(Event, metadata));
+	return 0;
+}
+
+SEC("raw_tracepoint/kfree_skb")
+int on_event(struct pt_regs* ctx)
+{
+	int i, ret = 0;
+	ret |= __on_event(ctx);
+	ret |= __on_event(ctx);
+	ret |= __on_event(ctx);
+	ret |= __on_event(ctx);
+	ret |= __on_event(ctx);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf100.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf100.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..29786325db54
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf100.c
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (c) 2019 Facebook
+#define STACK_MAX_LEN 100
+#include "pyperf.h"
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf180.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf180.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c39f559d3100
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf180.c
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (c) 2019 Facebook
+#define STACK_MAX_LEN 180
+#include "pyperf.h"
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf50.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf50.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ef7ce340a292
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/pyperf50.c
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (c) 2019 Facebook
+#define STACK_MAX_LEN 50
+#include "pyperf.h"
-- 
2.20.0

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