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Date:   Sat, 25 May 2019 11:57:53 -0700
From:   Yonghong Song <>
To:     <>, <>
CC:     Alexei Starovoitov <>,
        Daniel Borkmann <>, <>,
        Yonghong Song <>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next] bpf: check signal validity in nmi for bpf_send_signal() helper

Commit 8b401f9ed244 ("bpf: implement bpf_send_signal() helper")
introduced bpf_send_signal() helper. If the context is nmi,
the sending signal work needs to be deferred to irq_work.
If the signal is invalid, the error will appear in irq_work
and it won't be propagated to user.

This patch did an early check in the helper itself to
notify user invalid signal, as suggested by Daniel.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <>
 kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index 70029eafc71f..fe73926a07cd 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -600,6 +600,12 @@ BPF_CALL_1(bpf_send_signal, u32, sig)
 		return -EPERM;
 	if (in_nmi()) {
+		/* Do an early check on signal validity. Otherwise,
+		 * the error is lost in deferred irq_work.
+		 */
+		if (unlikely(!valid_signal(sig)))
+			return -EINVAL;
 		work = this_cpu_ptr(&send_signal_work);
 		if (work->irq_work.flags & IRQ_WORK_BUSY)
 			return -EBUSY;

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