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Date:   Mon, 2 Dec 2019 09:30:36 +0000
From:   Maxim Mikityanskiy <maximmi@...lanox.com>
To:     Magnus Karlsson <magnus.karlsson@...el.com>
CC:     "bjorn.topel@...el.com" <bjorn.topel@...el.com>,
        "ast@...nel.org" <ast@...nel.org>,
        "daniel@...earbox.net" <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "jonathan.lemon@...il.com" <jonathan.lemon@...il.com>,
        "bpf@...r.kernel.org" <bpf@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf] xsk: add missing memory barrier in xskq_has_addrs()

On 2019-11-29 11:51, Magnus Karlsson wrote:
> The rings in AF_XDP between user space and kernel space have the
> following semantics:
> 
> producer                         consumer
> 
> if (LOAD ->consumer) {           LOAD ->producer
>                     (A)           smp_rmb()       (C)
>     STORE $data                   LOAD $data
>     smp_wmb()       (B)           smp_mb()        (D)
>     STORE ->producer              STORE ->consumer
> }
> 
> The consumer function xskq_has_addrs() below loads the producer
> pointer and updates the locally cached copy of it. However, it does
> not issue the smp_rmb() operation required by the lockless ring. This
> would have been ok had the function not updated the locally cached
> copy, as that could not have resulted in new data being read from the
> ring. But as it updates the local producer pointer, a subsequent peek
> operation, such as xskq_peek_addr(), might load data from the ring
> without issuing the required smp_rmb() memory barrier.

Thanks for paying attention to it, but I don't think it can really 
happen. xskq_has_addrs only updates prod_tail, but xskq_peek_addr 
doesn't use prod_tail, it reads from cons_tail to cons_head, and every 
cons_head update has the necessary smp_rmb.

Actually, the same thing happens with xskq_nb_avail. In xskq_full_desc, 
we don't have any barrier after xskq_nb_avail, and xskq_peek_desc can be 
called after xskq_full_desc, but it's absolutely fine, because 
xskq_nb_avail doesn't touch cons_head. The same happens with 
xskq_has_addrs and xskq_peek_addr.

So, I don't think this change is required. Please correct me if I'm wrong.

> static inline bool xskq_has_addrs(struct xsk_queue *q, u32 cnt)
> {
>          u32 entries = q->prod_tail - q->cons_tail;
> 
>          if (entries >= cnt)
>                  return true;
> 
>          /* Refresh the local pointer. */
>          q->prod_tail = READ_ONCE(q->ring->producer);
> 	*** MISSING MEMORY BARRIER ***
>          entries = q->prod_tail - q->cons_tail;
> 
>          return entries >= cnt;
> }
> 
> Fix this by adding the missing memory barrier at the indicated point
> above.
> 
> Fixes: d57d76428ae9 ("Add API to check for available entries in FQ")
> Signed-off-by: Magnus Karlsson <magnus.karlsson@...el.com>
> ---
>   net/xdp/xsk_queue.h | 1 +
>   1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
> 
> diff --git a/net/xdp/xsk_queue.h b/net/xdp/xsk_queue.h
> index eddae46..b5492c3 100644
> --- a/net/xdp/xsk_queue.h
> +++ b/net/xdp/xsk_queue.h
> @@ -127,6 +127,7 @@ static inline bool xskq_has_addrs(struct xsk_queue *q, u32 cnt)
>   
>   	/* Refresh the local pointer. */
>   	q->prod_tail = READ_ONCE(q->ring->producer);
> +	smp_rmb(); /* C, matches B */
>   	entries = q->prod_tail - q->cons_tail;
>   
>   	return entries >= cnt;
> 

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