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Date:   Wed, 15 Jan 2020 14:58:40 +0800
From:   "Pengcheng Yang" <yangpc@...gsu.com>
To:     "'Yuchung Cheng'" <ycheng@...gle.com>,
        "'Eric Dumazet'" <edumazet@...gle.com>
Cc:     "'David Miller'" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "'Alexey Kuznetsov'" <kuznet@....inr.ac.ru>,
        "'Hideaki YOSHIFUJI'" <yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org>,
        "'Alexei Starovoitov'" <ast@...nel.org>,
        "'Daniel Borkmann'" <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        "'Martin KaFai Lau'" <kafai@...com>,
        "'Song Liu'" <songliubraving@...com>,
        "'Yonghong Song'" <yhs@...com>, <andriin@...com>,
        "'netdev'" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "'LKML'" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH] tcp: fix marked lost packets not being retransmitted

On Wed, Jan 15, 2020 at 2:40 AM Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@...gle.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Jan 14, 2020 at 8:06 AM Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>
> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Jan 14, 2020 at 1:24 AM Pengcheng Yang <yangpc@...gsu.com>
> wrote:
> > >
> > > When the packet pointed to by retransmit_skb_hint is unlinked by ACK,
> > > retransmit_skb_hint will be set to NULL in tcp_clean_rtx_queue().
> > > If packet loss is detected at this time, retransmit_skb_hint will be set
> > > to point to the current packet loss in tcp_verify_retransmit_hint(),
> > > then the packets that were previously marked lost but not retransmitted
> > > due to the restriction of cwnd will be skipped and cannot be
> > > retransmitted.
> >
> >
> > "cannot be retransmittted"  sounds quite alarming.
> >
> > You meant they will eventually be retransmitted, or that the flow is
> > completely frozen at this point ?
> He probably means those lost packets will be skipped until a timeout
> that reset hint pointer. nice fix this would save some RTOs.

Yes, I mean those packets will not be retransmitted until RTO.
I'm sorry I didn't describe it clearly.

> 
> >
> > Thanks for the fix and test !
> >
> > (Not sure why you CC all these people having little TCP expertise btw)

Maybe I should CC fewer people :)

> >
> > > To fix this, when retransmit_skb_hint is NULL, retransmit_skb_hint can
> > > be reset only after all marked lost packets are retransmitted
> > > (retrans_out >= lost_out), otherwise we need to traverse from
> > > tcp_rtx_queue_head in tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue().
> > >
> > > Packetdrill to demonstrate:
> > >
> > > // Disable RACK and set max_reordering to keep things simple
> > >     0 `sysctl -q net.ipv4.tcp_recovery=0`
> > >    +0 `sysctl -q net.ipv4.tcp_max_reordering=3`
> > >
> > > // Establish a connection
> > >    +0 socket(..., SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP) = 3
> > >    +0 setsockopt(3, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, [1], 4) = 0
> > >    +0 bind(3, ..., ...) = 0
> > >    +0 listen(3, 1) = 0
> > >
> > >   +.1 < S 0:0(0) win 32792 <mss 1000,sackOK,nop,nop,nop,wscale 7>
> > >    +0 > S. 0:0(0) ack 1 <...>
> > >  +.01 < . 1:1(0) ack 1 win 257
> > >    +0 accept(3, ..., ...) = 4
> > >
> > > // Send 8 data segments
> > >    +0 write(4, ..., 8000) = 8000
> > >    +0 > P. 1:8001(8000) ack 1
> > >
> > > // Enter recovery and 1:3001 is marked lost
> > >  +.01 < . 1:1(0) ack 1 win 257 <sack 3001:4001,nop,nop>
> > >    +0 < . 1:1(0) ack 1 win 257 <sack 5001:6001 3001:4001,nop,nop>
> > >    +0 < . 1:1(0) ack 1 win 257 <sack 5001:7001 3001:4001,nop,nop>
> > >
> > > // Retransmit 1:1001, now retransmit_skb_hint points to 1001:2001
> > >    +0 > . 1:1001(1000) ack 1
> > >
> > > // 1001:2001 was ACKed causing retransmit_skb_hint to be set to NULL
> > >  +.01 < . 1:1(0) ack 2001 win 257 <sack 5001:8001 3001:4001,nop,nop>
> > > // Now retransmit_skb_hint points to 4001:5001 which is now marked lost
> > >
> > > // BUG: 2001:3001 was not retransmitted
> > >    +0 > . 2001:3001(1000) ack 1
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Pengcheng Yang <yangpc@...gsu.com>
> > > ---
> > >  net/ipv4/tcp_input.c | 7 ++++---
> > >  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
> > > index 0238b55..5347ab2 100644
> > > --- a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
> > > +++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
> > > @@ -915,9 +915,10 @@ static void tcp_check_sack_reordering(struct sock
> *sk, const u32 low_seq,
> > >  /* This must be called before lost_out is incremented */
> > >  static void tcp_verify_retransmit_hint(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff
> *skb)
> > >  {
> > > -       if (!tp->retransmit_skb_hint ||
> > > -           before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq,
> > > -                  TCP_SKB_CB(tp->retransmit_skb_hint)->seq))
> > > +       if ((!tp->retransmit_skb_hint && tp->retrans_out >= tp->lost_out)
> ||
> > > +           (tp->retransmit_skb_hint &&
> > > +            before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq,
> > > +                   TCP_SKB_CB(tp->retransmit_skb_hint)->seq)))
> > >                 tp->retransmit_skb_hint = skb;
> > >  }
> > >
> > > --
> > > 1.8.3.1
> > >

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