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Date:   Fri, 17 Jan 2020 17:32:35 +0800
From:   Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
To:     Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@...lanox.com>
Cc:     "mst@...hat.com" <mst@...hat.com>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "kvm@...r.kernel.org" <kvm@...r.kernel.org>,
        "virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org" 
        <virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "tiwei.bie@...el.com" <tiwei.bie@...el.com>,
        "maxime.coquelin@...hat.com" <maxime.coquelin@...hat.com>,
        "cunming.liang@...el.com" <cunming.liang@...el.com>,
        "zhihong.wang@...el.com" <zhihong.wang@...el.com>,
        "rob.miller@...adcom.com" <rob.miller@...adcom.com>,
        "xiao.w.wang@...el.com" <xiao.w.wang@...el.com>,
        "haotian.wang@...ive.com" <haotian.wang@...ive.com>,
        "lingshan.zhu@...el.com" <lingshan.zhu@...el.com>,
        "eperezma@...hat.com" <eperezma@...hat.com>,
        "lulu@...hat.com" <lulu@...hat.com>,
        Parav Pandit <parav@...lanox.com>,
        "kevin.tian@...el.com" <kevin.tian@...el.com>,
        "stefanha@...hat.com" <stefanha@...hat.com>,
        "rdunlap@...radead.org" <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        "hch@...radead.org" <hch@...radead.org>,
        "aadam@...hat.com" <aadam@...hat.com>,
        "jakub.kicinski@...ronome.com" <jakub.kicinski@...ronome.com>,
        Jiri Pirko <jiri@...lanox.com>,
        Shahaf Shuler <shahafs@...lanox.com>,
        "hanand@...inx.com" <hanand@...inx.com>,
        "mhabets@...arflare.com" <mhabets@...arflare.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/5] virtio: introduce a vDPA based transport


On 2020/1/16 下午11:38, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 16, 2020 at 08:42:30PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_vdpa.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_vdpa.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..86936e5e7ec3
>> +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_vdpa.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,400 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
>> +/*
>> + * VIRTIO based driver for vDPA device
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (c) 2020, Red Hat. All rights reserved.
>> + *     Author: Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
>> + *
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +#include <linux/uuid.h>
>> +#include <linux/virtio.h>
>> +#include <linux/vdpa.h>
>> +#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
>> +#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
>> +
>> +#define MOD_VERSION  "0.1"
>> +#define MOD_AUTHOR   "Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>"
>> +#define MOD_DESC     "vDPA bus driver for virtio devices"
>> +#define MOD_LICENSE  "GPL v2"
>> +
>> +#define to_virtio_vdpa_device(dev) \
>> +	container_of(dev, struct virtio_vdpa_device, vdev)
> Should be a static function


Ok.


>
>> +struct virtio_vdpa_device {
>> +	struct virtio_device vdev;
>> +	struct vdpa_device *vdpa;
>> +	u64 features;
>> +
>> +	/* The lock to protect virtqueue list */
>> +	spinlock_t lock;
>> +	/* List of virtio_vdpa_vq_info */
>> +	struct list_head virtqueues;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct virtio_vdpa_vq_info {
>> +	/* the actual virtqueue */
>> +	struct virtqueue *vq;
>> +
>> +	/* the list node for the virtqueues list */
>> +	struct list_head node;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct vdpa_device *vd_get_vdpa(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>> +{
>> +	struct virtio_vdpa_device *vd_dev = to_virtio_vdpa_device(vdev);
>> +	struct vdpa_device *vdpa = vd_dev->vdpa;
>> +
>> +	return vdpa;
> Bit of a long way to say
>
>    return to_virtio_vdpa_device(vdev)->vdpa
>
> ?


Right.


>
>> +err_vq:
>> +	vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
>> +error_new_virtqueue:
>> +	ops->set_vq_ready(vdpa, index, 0);
>> +	WARN_ON(ops->get_vq_ready(vdpa, index));
> A warn_on during error unwind? Sketchy, deserves a comment I think


Yes, it's a hint of bug in the vDPA driver. Will add a comment.


>
>> +static void virtio_vdpa_release_dev(struct device *_d)
>> +{
>> +	struct virtio_device *vdev =
>> +	       container_of(_d, struct virtio_device, dev);
>> +	struct virtio_vdpa_device *vd_dev =
>> +	       container_of(vdev, struct virtio_vdpa_device, vdev);
>> +	struct vdpa_device *vdpa = vd_dev->vdpa;
>> +
>> +	devm_kfree(&vdpa->dev, vd_dev);
>> +}
> It is unusual for the release function to not be owned by the
> subsystem, through the class.


This is how virtio_pci and virtio_mmio work now. Virtio devices may have 
different transports which require different release functions. I think 
this is the reason why virtio


> I'm not sure there are enough module ref
> counts to ensure that this function is not unloaded?


Let me double check this.


>
> Usually to make this all work sanely the subsytem provides some
> allocation function
>
>   vdpa_dev = vdpa_alloc_dev(parent, ops, sizeof(struct virtio_vdpa_device))
>   struct virtio_vdpa_device *priv = vdpa_priv(vdpa_dev)
>
> Then the subsystem naturally owns all the memory.
>
> Otherwise it gets tricky to ensure that the module doesn't unload
> before all the krefs are put.


I see.


>
>> +
>> +static int virtio_vdpa_probe(struct device *dev)
>> +{
>> +	struct vdpa_device *vdpa = dev_to_vdpa(dev);
> The probe function for a class should accept the classes type already,
> no casting.


Right.


>
>> +	const struct vdpa_config_ops *ops = vdpa->config;
>> +	struct virtio_vdpa_device *vd_dev;
>> +	int rc;
>> +
>> +	vd_dev = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*vd_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +	if (!vd_dev)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
> This is not right, the struct device lifetime is controled by a kref,
> not via devm. If you want to use a devm unwind then the unwind is
> put_device, not devm_kfree.


I'm not sure I get the point here. The lifetime is bound to underlying 
vDPA device and devres allow to be freed before the vpda device is 
released. But I agree using devres of underlying vdpa device looks wired.


>
> In this simple situation I don't see a reason to use devm.
>
>> +	vd_dev->vdev.dev.parent = &vdpa->dev;
>> +	vd_dev->vdev.dev.release = virtio_vdpa_release_dev;
>> +	vd_dev->vdev.config = &virtio_vdpa_config_ops;
>> +	vd_dev->vdpa = vdpa;
>> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vd_dev->virtqueues);
>> +	spin_lock_init(&vd_dev->lock);
>> +
>> +	vd_dev->vdev.id.device = ops->get_device_id(vdpa);
>> +	if (vd_dev->vdev.id.device == 0)
>> +		return -ENODEV;
>> +
>> +	vd_dev->vdev.id.vendor = ops->get_vendor_id(vdpa);
>> +	rc = register_virtio_device(&vd_dev->vdev);
>> +	if (rc)
>> +		put_device(dev);
> And a ugly unwind like this is why you want to have device_initialize()
> exposed to the driver,


In this context, which "driver" did you mean here? (Note, virtio-vdpa is 
the driver for vDPA bus here).


>   so there is a clear pairing that calling
> device_initialize() must be followed by put_device. This should also
> use the goto unwind style
>
>> +	else
>> +		dev_set_drvdata(dev, vd_dev);
>> +
>> +	return rc;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void virtio_vdpa_remove(struct device *dev)
>> +{
> Remove should also already accept the right type


Yes.


>
>> +	struct virtio_vdpa_device *vd_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
>> +
>> +	unregister_virtio_device(&vd_dev->vdev);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct vdpa_driver virtio_vdpa_driver = {
>> +	.drv = {
>> +		.name	= "virtio_vdpa",
>> +	},
>> +	.probe	= virtio_vdpa_probe,
>> +	.remove = virtio_vdpa_remove,
>> +};
> Still a little unclear on binding, is this supposed to bind to all
> vdpa devices?


Yes, it expected to drive all vDPA devices.


>
> Where is the various THIS_MODULE's I expect to see in a scheme like
> this?
>
> All function pointers must be protected by a held module reference
> count, ie the above probe/remove and all the pointers in ops.


Will double check, since I don't see this in other virtio transport 
drivers (PCI or MMIO).


>
>> +static int __init virtio_vdpa_init(void)
>> +{
>> +	return register_vdpa_driver(&virtio_vdpa_driver);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __exit virtio_vdpa_exit(void)
>> +{
>> +	unregister_vdpa_driver(&virtio_vdpa_driver);
>> +}
>> +
>> +module_init(virtio_vdpa_init)
>> +module_exit(virtio_vdpa_exit)
> Best to provide the usual 'module_pci_driver' like scheme for this
> boiler plate.


Ok.


>
>> +MODULE_VERSION(MOD_VERSION);
>> +MODULE_LICENSE(MOD_LICENSE);
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR(MOD_AUTHOR);
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION(MOD_DESC);
> Why the indirection with 2nd defines?


Will fix.

Thanks


>
> Jason
>

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