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Date:   Fri, 17 Jan 2020 15:39:20 +0530
From:   gautamramk@...il.com
To:     netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     "Mohit P. Tahiliani" <tahiliani@...k.edu.in>,
        Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@...atatu.com>,
        "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Dave Taht <dave.taht@...il.com>,
        Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>,
        Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        Stephen Hemminger <stephen@...workplumber.org>,
        Leslie Monis <lesliemonis@...il.com>,
        "Sachin D . Patil" <sdp.sachin@...il.com>,
        "V . Saicharan" <vsaicharan1998@...il.com>,
        Mohit Bhasi <mohitbhasi1998@...il.com>,
        Gautam Ramakrishnan <gautamramk@...il.com>
Subject: [PATCH net-next v4 1/2] net: sched: pie: refactor code

From: "Mohit P. Tahiliani" <tahiliani@...k.edu.in>

This patch is a precursor for the addition of the Flow Queue Proportional
Integral Controller Enhanced (FQ-PIE) qdisc. The patch removes structures
and small inline functions common to both PIE and FQ-PIE and moves it to
the header file include/net/pie.h. It also exports symbols from sch_pie.c
that are to be reused in sch_fq_pie.c.

Signed-off-by: Mohit P. Tahiliani <tahiliani@...k.edu.in>
Signed-off-by: Sachin D. Patil <sdp.sachin@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: V. Saicharan <vsaicharan1998@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Mohit Bhasi <mohitbhasi1998@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Leslie Monis <lesliemonis@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Gautam Ramakrishnan <gautamramk@...il.com>
---
 include/net/pie.h   | 136 ++++++++++++++++++++
 net/sched/sch_pie.c | 302 ++++++++++++++++----------------------------
 2 files changed, 248 insertions(+), 190 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/net/pie.h

diff --git a/include/net/pie.h b/include/net/pie.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..22bd680f4d37
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/net/pie.h
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+#ifndef __NET_SCHED_PIE_H
+#define __NET_SCHED_PIE_H
+
+#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <net/inet_ecn.h>
+#include <net/pkt_sched.h>
+
+#define PIE_SCALE 8
+#define MAX_PROB U64_MAX
+#define DQCOUNT_INVALID -1
+#define DTIME_INVALID U64_MAX
+#define QUEUE_THRESHOLD (1 << 14)
+
+/**
+ * struct pie_params - contains pie parameters
+ * @target: target delay in pschedtime
+ * @tudpate: interval at which drop probability is calculated
+ * @limit: total number of packets that can be in the queue
+ * @alpha: parameter to control drop probability
+ * @beta: parameter to control drop probability
+ * @ecn: whether to enable ECN marking of packets
+ * @bytemode: whether to scale drop prob based on pkt size
+ * @dq_rate_estimator: whether to use little's law for qdelay calculation
+ */
+struct pie_params {
+	psched_time_t target;
+	u32 tupdate;
+	u32 limit;
+	u32 alpha;
+	u32 beta;
+	u8 ecn;
+	u8 bytemode;
+	u8 dq_rate_estimator;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pie_vars - contains pie variables
+ * @burst_time: burst time allowance
+ * @qdelay: current queue delay
+ * @qdelay_old: queue delay in previous qdelay calculation
+ * @dq_tstamp: last instance at which dq rate was calculated
+ * @prob: drop probability
+ * @dq_count: number of bytes dequeued in a measurement cycle
+ * @accu_prob: accumulated drop probability
+ * @avg_dq_rate: calculated average dq rate
+ * @qlen_old: queue length during previous qdelay calculation
+ * @accu_prob_overflow: whether accu_prob overflowed
+ */
+struct pie_vars {
+	psched_time_t burst_time;
+	psched_time_t qdelay;
+	psched_time_t qdelay_old;
+	psched_time_t dq_tstamp;
+	u64 prob;
+	u64 dq_count;
+	u64 accu_prob;
+	u32 avg_dq_rate;
+	u32 qlen_old;
+	u8 accu_prob_overflows;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pie_stats - contains pie stats
+ * @packets_in: total number of packets enqueued
+ * @dropped: packets dropped due to pie action
+ * @overlimit: packets dropped due to lack of space in queue
+ * @maxq: maximum queue size
+ * @ecn_mark: packets marked with ECN
+ */
+struct pie_stats {
+	u32 packets_in;
+	u32 dropped;
+	u32 overlimit;
+	u32 maxq;
+	u32 ecn_mark;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pie_skb_cb - contains private skb vars
+ * @enqueue_time: timestamp when the packet is enqueued
+ */
+struct pie_skb_cb {
+	psched_time_t enqueue_time;
+};
+
+static inline void pie_params_init(struct pie_params *params)
+{
+	params->target = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(15 * NSEC_PER_MSEC);	/* 15 ms */
+	params->tupdate = usecs_to_jiffies(15 * USEC_PER_MSEC);	/* 15 ms */
+	params->limit = 1000; /* in packets */
+	params->alpha = 2;
+	params->beta = 20;
+	params->ecn = false;
+	params->bytemode = false;
+	params->dq_rate_estimator = false;
+}
+
+static inline void pie_vars_init(struct pie_vars *vars)
+{
+	vars->burst_time = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(150 * NSEC_PER_MSEC); /* 150 ms */
+	vars->dq_count = DQCOUNT_INVALID;
+	vars->dq_tstamp = DTIME_INVALID;
+	vars->accu_prob = 0;
+	vars->avg_dq_rate = 0;
+	vars->accu_prob_overflows = 0;
+}
+
+static inline struct pie_skb_cb *get_pie_cb(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	qdisc_cb_private_validate(skb, sizeof(struct pie_skb_cb));
+	return (struct pie_skb_cb *)qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->data;
+}
+
+static inline psched_time_t pie_get_enqueue_time(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	return get_pie_cb(skb)->enqueue_time;
+}
+
+static inline void pie_set_enqueue_time(struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+	get_pie_cb(skb)->enqueue_time = psched_get_time();
+}
+
+bool pie_drop_early(struct Qdisc *sch, struct pie_params *params,
+		    struct pie_vars *vars, u32 backlog, u32 packet_size);
+
+void pie_process_dequeue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct pie_params *params,
+			 struct pie_vars *vars, u32 backlog);
+
+void pie_calculate_probability(struct pie_params *params, struct pie_vars *vars,
+			       u32 backlog);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/net/sched/sch_pie.c b/net/sched/sch_pie.c
index b0b0dc46af61..c238b3233f96 100644
--- a/net/sched/sch_pie.c
+++ b/net/sched/sch_pie.c
@@ -19,47 +19,7 @@
 #include <linux/skbuff.h>
 #include <net/pkt_sched.h>
 #include <net/inet_ecn.h>
-
-#define QUEUE_THRESHOLD 16384
-#define DQCOUNT_INVALID -1
-#define DTIME_INVALID 0xffffffffffffffff
-#define MAX_PROB 0xffffffffffffffff
-#define PIE_SCALE 8
-
-/* parameters used */
-struct pie_params {
-	psched_time_t target;	/* user specified target delay in pschedtime */
-	u32 tupdate;		/* timer frequency (in jiffies) */
-	u32 limit;		/* number of packets that can be enqueued */
-	u32 alpha;		/* alpha and beta are between 0 and 32 */
-	u32 beta;		/* and are used for shift relative to 1 */
-	bool ecn;		/* true if ecn is enabled */
-	bool bytemode;		/* to scale drop early prob based on pkt size */
-	u8 dq_rate_estimator;	/* to calculate delay using Little's law */
-};
-
-/* variables used */
-struct pie_vars {
-	u64 prob;		/* probability but scaled by u64 limit. */
-	psched_time_t burst_time;
-	psched_time_t qdelay;
-	psched_time_t qdelay_old;
-	u64 dq_count;		/* measured in bytes */
-	psched_time_t dq_tstamp;	/* drain rate */
-	u64 accu_prob;		/* accumulated drop probability */
-	u32 avg_dq_rate;	/* bytes per pschedtime tick,scaled */
-	u32 qlen_old;		/* in bytes */
-	u8 accu_prob_overflows;	/* overflows of accu_prob */
-};
-
-/* statistics gathering */
-struct pie_stats {
-	u32 packets_in;		/* total number of packets enqueued */
-	u32 dropped;		/* packets dropped due to pie_action */
-	u32 overlimit;		/* dropped due to lack of space in queue */
-	u32 maxq;		/* maximum queue size */
-	u32 ecn_mark;		/* packets marked with ECN */
-};
+#include <net/pie.h>
 
 /* private data for the Qdisc */
 struct pie_sched_data {
@@ -70,108 +30,65 @@ struct pie_sched_data {
 	struct Qdisc *sch;
 };
 
-static void pie_params_init(struct pie_params *params)
-{
-	params->alpha = 2;
-	params->beta = 20;
-	params->tupdate = usecs_to_jiffies(15 * USEC_PER_MSEC);	/* 15 ms */
-	params->limit = 1000;	/* default of 1000 packets */
-	params->target = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(15 * NSEC_PER_MSEC);	/* 15 ms */
-	params->ecn = false;
-	params->bytemode = false;
-	params->dq_rate_estimator = false;
-}
-
-/* private skb vars */
-struct pie_skb_cb {
-	psched_time_t enqueue_time;
-};
-
-static struct pie_skb_cb *get_pie_cb(const struct sk_buff *skb)
-{
-	qdisc_cb_private_validate(skb, sizeof(struct pie_skb_cb));
-	return (struct pie_skb_cb *)qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->data;
-}
-
-static psched_time_t pie_get_enqueue_time(const struct sk_buff *skb)
+bool pie_drop_early(struct Qdisc *sch, struct pie_params *params,
+		    struct pie_vars *vars, u32 backlog, u32 packet_size)
 {
-	return get_pie_cb(skb)->enqueue_time;
-}
-
-static void pie_set_enqueue_time(struct sk_buff *skb)
-{
-	get_pie_cb(skb)->enqueue_time = psched_get_time();
-}
-
-static void pie_vars_init(struct pie_vars *vars)
-{
-	vars->dq_count = DQCOUNT_INVALID;
-	vars->dq_tstamp = DTIME_INVALID;
-	vars->accu_prob = 0;
-	vars->avg_dq_rate = 0;
-	/* default of 150 ms in pschedtime */
-	vars->burst_time = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(150 * NSEC_PER_MSEC);
-	vars->accu_prob_overflows = 0;
-}
-
-static bool drop_early(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 packet_size)
-{
-	struct pie_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
 	u64 rnd;
-	u64 local_prob = q->vars.prob;
-	u32 mtu = psched_mtu(qdisc_dev(sch));
+	u64 local_prob = vars->prob;
+	u32 mtu = psched_mtu(qdisc_dev(sch)); /* device MTU */
 
 	/* If there is still burst allowance left skip random early drop */
-	if (q->vars.burst_time > 0)
+	if (vars->burst_time > 0)
 		return false;
 
 	/* If current delay is less than half of target, and
 	 * if drop prob is low already, disable early_drop
 	 */
-	if ((q->vars.qdelay < q->params.target / 2) &&
-	    (q->vars.prob < MAX_PROB / 5))
+	if ((vars->qdelay < params->target / 2) &&
+	    (vars->prob < MAX_PROB / 5))
 		return false;
 
-	/* If we have fewer than 2 mtu-sized packets, disable drop_early,
+	/* If we have fewer than 2 mtu-sized packets, disable pie_drop_early,
 	 * similar to min_th in RED
 	 */
-	if (sch->qstats.backlog < 2 * mtu)
+	if (backlog < 2 * mtu)
 		return false;
 
 	/* If bytemode is turned on, use packet size to compute new
 	 * probablity. Smaller packets will have lower drop prob in this case
 	 */
-	if (q->params.bytemode && packet_size <= mtu)
+	if (params->bytemode && packet_size <= mtu)
 		local_prob = (u64)packet_size * div_u64(local_prob, mtu);
 	else
-		local_prob = q->vars.prob;
+		local_prob = vars->prob;
 
 	if (local_prob == 0) {
-		q->vars.accu_prob = 0;
-		q->vars.accu_prob_overflows = 0;
+		vars->accu_prob = 0;
+		vars->accu_prob_overflows = 0;
 	}
 
-	if (local_prob > MAX_PROB - q->vars.accu_prob)
-		q->vars.accu_prob_overflows++;
+	if (local_prob > MAX_PROB - vars->accu_prob)
+		vars->accu_prob_overflows++;
 
-	q->vars.accu_prob += local_prob;
+	vars->accu_prob += local_prob;
 
-	if (q->vars.accu_prob_overflows == 0 &&
-	    q->vars.accu_prob < (MAX_PROB / 100) * 85)
+	if (vars->accu_prob_overflows == 0 &&
+	    vars->accu_prob < (MAX_PROB / 100) * 85)
 		return false;
-	if (q->vars.accu_prob_overflows == 8 &&
-	    q->vars.accu_prob >= MAX_PROB / 2)
+	if (vars->accu_prob_overflows == 8 &&
+	    vars->accu_prob >= MAX_PROB / 2)
 		return true;
 
 	prandom_bytes(&rnd, 8);
 	if (rnd < local_prob) {
-		q->vars.accu_prob = 0;
-		q->vars.accu_prob_overflows = 0;
+		vars->accu_prob = 0;
+		vars->accu_prob_overflows = 0;
 		return true;
 	}
 
 	return false;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pie_drop_early);
 
 static int pie_qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch,
 			     struct sk_buff **to_free)
@@ -184,7 +101,8 @@ static int pie_qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	if (!drop_early(sch, skb->len)) {
+	if (!pie_drop_early(sch, &q->params, &q->vars, sch->qstats.backlog,
+			    skb->len)) {
 		enqueue = true;
 	} else if (q->params.ecn && (q->vars.prob <= MAX_PROB / 10) &&
 		   INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) {
@@ -216,14 +134,14 @@ static int pie_qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch,
 }
 
 static const struct nla_policy pie_policy[TCA_PIE_MAX + 1] = {
-	[TCA_PIE_TARGET] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_LIMIT] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_TUPDATE] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_ALPHA] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_BETA] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_ECN] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_BYTEMODE] = {.type = NLA_U32},
-	[TCA_PIE_DQ_RATE_ESTIMATOR] = {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_TARGET]		= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_LIMIT]			= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_TUPDATE]		= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_ALPHA]			= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_BETA]			= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_ECN]			= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_BYTEMODE]		= {.type = NLA_U32},
+	[TCA_PIE_DQ_RATE_ESTIMATOR]	= {.type = NLA_U32},
 };
 
 static int pie_change(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt,
@@ -296,26 +214,26 @@ static int pie_change(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void pie_process_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
+void pie_process_dequeue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct pie_params *params,
+			 struct pie_vars *vars, u32 backlog)
 {
-	struct pie_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
-	int qlen = sch->qstats.backlog;	/* current queue size in bytes */
 	psched_time_t now = psched_get_time();
+	u32 qlen = backlog;	/* current queue size in bytes */
 	u32 dtime = 0;
 
 	/* If dq_rate_estimator is disabled, calculate qdelay using the
 	 * packet timestamp.
 	 */
-	if (!q->params.dq_rate_estimator) {
-		q->vars.qdelay = now - pie_get_enqueue_time(skb);
+	if (!params->dq_rate_estimator) {
+		vars->qdelay = now - pie_get_enqueue_time(skb);
 
-		if (q->vars.dq_tstamp != DTIME_INVALID)
-			dtime = now - q->vars.dq_tstamp;
+		if (vars->dq_tstamp != DTIME_INVALID)
+			dtime = now - vars->dq_tstamp;
 
-		q->vars.dq_tstamp = now;
+		vars->dq_tstamp = now;
 
 		if (qlen == 0)
-			q->vars.qdelay = 0;
+			vars->qdelay = 0;
 
 		if (dtime == 0)
 			return;
@@ -327,39 +245,39 @@ static void pie_process_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
 	 * we have enough packets to calculate the drain rate. Save
 	 * current time as dq_tstamp and start measurement cycle.
 	 */
-	if (qlen >= QUEUE_THRESHOLD && q->vars.dq_count == DQCOUNT_INVALID) {
-		q->vars.dq_tstamp = psched_get_time();
-		q->vars.dq_count = 0;
+	if (qlen >= QUEUE_THRESHOLD && vars->dq_count == DQCOUNT_INVALID) {
+		vars->dq_tstamp = psched_get_time();
+		vars->dq_count = 0;
 	}
 
-	/* Calculate the average drain rate from this value.  If queue length
-	 * has receded to a small value viz., <= QUEUE_THRESHOLD bytes,reset
+	/* Calculate the average drain rate from this value. If queue length
+	 * has receded to a small value viz., <= QUEUE_THRESHOLD bytes, reset
 	 * the dq_count to -1 as we don't have enough packets to calculate the
-	 * drain rate anymore The following if block is entered only when we
+	 * drain rate anymore. The following if block is entered only when we
 	 * have a substantial queue built up (QUEUE_THRESHOLD bytes or more)
 	 * and we calculate the drain rate for the threshold here.  dq_count is
 	 * in bytes, time difference in psched_time, hence rate is in
 	 * bytes/psched_time.
 	 */
-	if (q->vars.dq_count != DQCOUNT_INVALID) {
-		q->vars.dq_count += skb->len;
+	if (vars->dq_count != DQCOUNT_INVALID) {
+		vars->dq_count += skb->len;
 
-		if (q->vars.dq_count >= QUEUE_THRESHOLD) {
-			u32 count = q->vars.dq_count << PIE_SCALE;
+		if (vars->dq_count >= QUEUE_THRESHOLD) {
+			u32 count = vars->dq_count << PIE_SCALE;
 
-			dtime = now - q->vars.dq_tstamp;
+			dtime = now - vars->dq_tstamp;
 
 			if (dtime == 0)
 				return;
 
 			count = count / dtime;
 
-			if (q->vars.avg_dq_rate == 0)
-				q->vars.avg_dq_rate = count;
+			if (vars->avg_dq_rate == 0)
+				vars->avg_dq_rate = count;
 			else
-				q->vars.avg_dq_rate =
-				    (q->vars.avg_dq_rate -
-				     (q->vars.avg_dq_rate >> 3)) + (count >> 3);
+				vars->avg_dq_rate =
+				    (vars->avg_dq_rate -
+				     (vars->avg_dq_rate >> 3)) + (count >> 3);
 
 			/* If the queue has receded below the threshold, we hold
 			 * on to the last drain rate calculated, else we reset
@@ -367,10 +285,10 @@ static void pie_process_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
 			 * packet is dequeued
 			 */
 			if (qlen < QUEUE_THRESHOLD) {
-				q->vars.dq_count = DQCOUNT_INVALID;
+				vars->dq_count = DQCOUNT_INVALID;
 			} else {
-				q->vars.dq_count = 0;
-				q->vars.dq_tstamp = psched_get_time();
+				vars->dq_count = 0;
+				vars->dq_tstamp = psched_get_time();
 			}
 
 			goto burst_allowance_reduction;
@@ -380,41 +298,43 @@ static void pie_process_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
 	return;
 
 burst_allowance_reduction:
-	if (q->vars.burst_time > 0) {
-		if (q->vars.burst_time > dtime)
-			q->vars.burst_time -= dtime;
+	if (vars->burst_time > 0) {
+		if (vars->burst_time > dtime)
+			vars->burst_time -= dtime;
 		else
-			q->vars.burst_time = 0;
+			vars->burst_time = 0;
 	}
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pie_process_dequeue);
 
-static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
+void pie_calculate_probability(struct pie_params *params, struct pie_vars *vars,
+			       u32 backlog)
 {
-	struct pie_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
-	u32 qlen = sch->qstats.backlog;	/* queue size in bytes */
-	psched_time_t qdelay = 0;	/* in pschedtime */
-	psched_time_t qdelay_old = 0;	/* in pschedtime */
-	s64 delta = 0;		/* determines the change in probability */
+	psched_time_t qdelay = 0;
+	psched_time_t qdelay_old = 0;
+	s64 delta = 0; /* determines the change in probability */
 	u64 oldprob;
-	u64 alpha, beta;
+	u64 alpha;
+	u64 beta;
 	u32 power;
-	bool update_prob = true;
+	u32 qlen = backlog; /* queue size in bytes */
+	u8  update_prob = true;
 
-	if (q->params.dq_rate_estimator) {
-		qdelay_old = q->vars.qdelay;
-		q->vars.qdelay_old = q->vars.qdelay;
+	if (params->dq_rate_estimator) {
+		qdelay_old = vars->qdelay;
+		vars->qdelay_old = vars->qdelay;
 
-		if (q->vars.avg_dq_rate > 0)
-			qdelay = (qlen << PIE_SCALE) / q->vars.avg_dq_rate;
+		if (vars->avg_dq_rate > 0)
+			qdelay = (qlen << PIE_SCALE) / vars->avg_dq_rate;
 		else
 			qdelay = 0;
 	} else {
-		qdelay = q->vars.qdelay;
-		qdelay_old = q->vars.qdelay_old;
+		qdelay = vars->qdelay;
+		qdelay_old = vars->qdelay_old;
 	}
 
-	/* If qdelay is zero and qlen is not, it means qlen is very small, less
-	 * than dequeue_rate, so we do not update probabilty in this round
+	/* If qdelay is zero and qlen is not, it means qlen is very small,
+	 * so we do not update probabilty in this round.
 	 */
 	if (qdelay == 0 && qlen != 0)
 		update_prob = false;
@@ -426,18 +346,18 @@ static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
 	 * probability. alpha/beta are updated locally below by scaling down
 	 * by 16 to come to 0-2 range.
 	 */
-	alpha = ((u64)q->params.alpha * (MAX_PROB / PSCHED_TICKS_PER_SEC)) >> 4;
-	beta = ((u64)q->params.beta * (MAX_PROB / PSCHED_TICKS_PER_SEC)) >> 4;
+	alpha = ((u64)params->alpha * (MAX_PROB / PSCHED_TICKS_PER_SEC)) >> 4;
+	beta = ((u64)params->beta * (MAX_PROB / PSCHED_TICKS_PER_SEC)) >> 4;
 
 	/* We scale alpha and beta differently depending on how heavy the
 	 * congestion is. Please see RFC 8033 for details.
 	 */
-	if (q->vars.prob < MAX_PROB / 10) {
+	if (vars->prob < MAX_PROB / 10) {
 		alpha >>= 1;
 		beta >>= 1;
 
 		power = 100;
-		while (q->vars.prob < div_u64(MAX_PROB, power) &&
+		while (vars->prob < div_u64(MAX_PROB, power) &&
 		       power <= 1000000) {
 			alpha >>= 2;
 			beta >>= 2;
@@ -446,14 +366,14 @@ static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
 	}
 
 	/* alpha and beta should be between 0 and 32, in multiples of 1/16 */
-	delta += alpha * (u64)(qdelay - q->params.target);
+	delta += alpha * (u64)(qdelay - params->target);
 	delta += beta * (u64)(qdelay - qdelay_old);
 
-	oldprob = q->vars.prob;
+	oldprob = vars->prob;
 
 	/* to ensure we increase probability in steps of no more than 2% */
 	if (delta > (s64)(MAX_PROB / (100 / 2)) &&
-	    q->vars.prob >= MAX_PROB / 10)
+	    vars->prob >= MAX_PROB / 10)
 		delta = (MAX_PROB / 100) * 2;
 
 	/* Non-linear drop:
@@ -464,12 +384,12 @@ static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
 	if (qdelay > (PSCHED_NS2TICKS(250 * NSEC_PER_MSEC)))
 		delta += MAX_PROB / (100 / 2);
 
-	q->vars.prob += delta;
+	vars->prob += delta;
 
 	if (delta > 0) {
 		/* prevent overflow */
-		if (q->vars.prob < oldprob) {
-			q->vars.prob = MAX_PROB;
+		if (vars->prob < oldprob) {
+			vars->prob = MAX_PROB;
 			/* Prevent normalization error. If probability is at
 			 * maximum value already, we normalize it here, and
 			 * skip the check to do a non-linear drop in the next
@@ -479,8 +399,8 @@ static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
 		}
 	} else {
 		/* prevent underflow */
-		if (q->vars.prob > oldprob)
-			q->vars.prob = 0;
+		if (vars->prob > oldprob)
+			vars->prob = 0;
 	}
 
 	/* Non-linear drop in probability: Reduce drop probability quickly if
@@ -489,10 +409,10 @@ static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
 
 	if (qdelay == 0 && qdelay_old == 0 && update_prob)
 		/* Reduce drop probability to 98.4% */
-		q->vars.prob -= q->vars.prob / 64u;
+		vars->prob -= vars->prob / 64;
 
-	q->vars.qdelay = qdelay;
-	q->vars.qlen_old = qlen;
+	vars->qdelay = qdelay;
+	vars->qlen_old = qlen;
 
 	/* We restart the measurement cycle if the following conditions are met
 	 * 1. If the delay has been low for 2 consecutive Tupdate periods
@@ -500,16 +420,17 @@ static void calculate_probability(struct Qdisc *sch)
 	 * 3. If average dq_rate_estimator is enabled, we have atleast one
 	 *    estimate for the avg_dq_rate ie., is a non-zero value
 	 */
-	if ((q->vars.qdelay < q->params.target / 2) &&
-	    (q->vars.qdelay_old < q->params.target / 2) &&
-	    q->vars.prob == 0 &&
-	    (!q->params.dq_rate_estimator || q->vars.avg_dq_rate > 0)) {
-		pie_vars_init(&q->vars);
+	if ((vars->qdelay < params->target / 2) &&
+	    (vars->qdelay_old < params->target / 2) &&
+	    vars->prob == 0 &&
+	    (!params->dq_rate_estimator || vars->avg_dq_rate > 0)) {
+		pie_vars_init(vars);
 	}
 
-	if (!q->params.dq_rate_estimator)
-		q->vars.qdelay_old = qdelay;
+	if (!params->dq_rate_estimator)
+		vars->qdelay_old = qdelay;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pie_calculate_probability);
 
 static void pie_timer(struct timer_list *t)
 {
@@ -518,7 +439,7 @@ static void pie_timer(struct timer_list *t)
 	spinlock_t *root_lock = qdisc_lock(qdisc_root_sleeping(sch));
 
 	spin_lock(root_lock);
-	calculate_probability(sch);
+	pie_calculate_probability(&q->params, &q->vars, sch->qstats.backlog);
 
 	/* reset the timer to fire after 'tupdate'. tupdate is in jiffies. */
 	if (q->params.tupdate)
@@ -607,12 +528,13 @@ static int pie_dump_stats(struct Qdisc *sch, struct gnet_dump *d)
 
 static struct sk_buff *pie_qdisc_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch)
 {
+	struct pie_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
 	struct sk_buff *skb = qdisc_dequeue_head(sch);
 
 	if (!skb)
 		return NULL;
 
-	pie_process_dequeue(sch, skb);
+	pie_process_dequeue(skb, &q->params, &q->vars, sch->qstats.backlog);
 	return skb;
 }
 
@@ -633,7 +555,7 @@ static void pie_destroy(struct Qdisc *sch)
 }
 
 static struct Qdisc_ops pie_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
-	.id = "pie",
+	.id		= "pie",
 	.priv_size	= sizeof(struct pie_sched_data),
 	.enqueue	= pie_qdisc_enqueue,
 	.dequeue	= pie_qdisc_dequeue,
-- 
2.17.1

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