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Date:   Thu, 05 Mar 2020 11:37:11 +0100
From:   Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com>
Cc:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>, bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        Kernel Team <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next 0/3] Introduce pinnable bpf_link kernel abstraction

Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com> writes:

> On Wed, Mar 04, 2020 at 08:47:44AM +0100, Toke Høiland-Jørgensen wrote:
>> >
>> >> And what about the case where the link fd is pinned on a bpffs that is
>> >> no longer available? I.e., if a netdevice with an XDP program moves
>> >> namespaces and no longer has access to the original bpffs, that XDP
>> >> program would essentially become immutable?
>> >
>> > 'immutable' will not be possible.
>> > I'm not clear to me how bpffs is going to disappear. What do you mean
>> > exactly?
>> 
>> # stat /sys/fs/bpf | grep Device
>> Device: 1fh/31d	Inode: 1013963     Links: 2
>> # mkdir /sys/fs/bpf/test; ls /sys/fs/bpf
>> test
>> # ip netns add test
>> # ip netns exec test stat /sys/fs/bpf/test
>> stat: cannot stat '/sys/fs/bpf/test': No such file or directory
>> # ip netns exec test stat /sys/fs/bpf | grep Device
>> Device: 3fh/63d	Inode: 12242       Links: 2
>> 
>> It's a different bpffs instance inside the netns, so it won't have
>> access to anything pinned in the outer one...
>
> Toke, please get your facts straight.
>
>> # stat /sys/fs/bpf | grep Device
>> Device: 1fh/31d	Inode: 1013963     Links: 2
>
> Inode != 1 means that this is not bpffs.
> I guess this is still sysfs.

Yes, my bad; I was confused because I was misremembering when 'ip'
mounts a new bpffs: I thought it was on every ns change, but it's only
when loading a BPF program, and I was in a hurry so I didn't check
properly; sorry about that.

Anyway, what I was trying to express:

> Still that doesn't mean that pinned link is 'immutable'.

I don't mean 'immutable' in the sense that it cannot be removed ever.
Just that we may end up in a situation where an application can see a
netdev with an XDP program attached, has the right privileges to modify
it, but can't because it can't find the pinned bpf_link. Right? Or am I
misunderstanding your proposal?

Amending my example from before, this could happen by:

1. Someone attaches a program to eth0, and pins the bpf_link to
   /sys/fs/bpf/myprog

2. eth0 is moved to a different namespace which mounts a new sysfs at
   /sys

3. Inside that namespace, /sys/fs/bpf/myprog is no longer accessible, so
   xdp-loader can't get access to the original bpf_link; but the XDP
   program is still attached to eth0.

If this happens, and the bpf_link locks the program in place, doesn't
that mean that anything inside executed inside that namespace will be
unable to remove the XDP program? Thus making it 'immutable' from their
PoV.

-Toke

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