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Date:   Thu, 9 Apr 2020 06:44:59 +0200
From:   Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>
To:     Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@...aro.org>
Cc:     Johannes Berg <johannes@...solutions.net>,
        linux-wireless <linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org>,
        Krishna Chaitanya <chaitanya.mgit@...il.com>,
        "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>, kuba@...nel.org,
        Kalle Valo <kvalo@...eaurora.org>,
        netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Matthias-Peter Schöpfer 
        <matthias.schoepfer@...inx.io>,
        "Berg Philipp (HAU-EDS)" <Philipp.Berg@...bherr.com>,
        "Weitner Michael (HAU-EDS)" <Michael.Weitner@...bherr.com>,
        Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@...aro.org>,
        Loic Poulain <loic.poulain@...aro.org>, stable@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] mac80211: fix race in ieee80211_register_hw()

On Thu, Apr 9, 2020 at 6:43 AM Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@...aro.org> wrote:
>
> Hi Johannes,
>
> On Wed, 8 Apr 2020 at 00:55, Krishna Chaitanya <chaitanya.mgit@...il.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Apr 7, 2020 at 3:41 PM Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@...aro.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > A race condition leading to a kernel crash is observed during invocation
> > > of ieee80211_register_hw() on a dragonboard410c device having wcn36xx
> > > driver built as a loadable module along with a wifi manager in user-space
> > > waiting for a wifi device (wlanX) to be active.
> > >
> > > Sequence diagram for a particular kernel crash scenario:
> > >
> > >     user-space  ieee80211_register_hw()  ieee80211_tasklet_handler()
> > >     ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |<---phy0----wiphy_register()          |
> > >        |-----iwd if_add---->|                 |
> > just a nitpick, a better one would be (iwd: if_add + ap_start) since
> > we need to have 'iwctl ap start'
> > to trigger the interrupts.
> > >        |                    |<---IRQ----(RX packet)
> > >        |              Kernel crash            |
> > >        |              due to unallocated      |
> > >        |              workqueue.              |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |       alloc_ordered_workqueue()      |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |              Misc wiphy init.        |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |            ieee80211_if_add()        |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >
> > > As evident from above sequence diagram, this race condition isn't specific
> > > to a particular wifi driver but rather the initialization sequence in
> > > ieee80211_register_hw() needs to be fixed. So re-order the initialization
> > > sequence and the updated sequence diagram would look like:
> > >
> > >     user-space  ieee80211_register_hw()  ieee80211_tasklet_handler()
> > >     ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |       alloc_ordered_workqueue()      |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |              Misc wiphy init.        |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |<---phy0----wiphy_register()          |
> > >        |-----iwd if_add---->|                 |
> > same as above.
> > >        |                    |<---IRQ----(RX packet)
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >        |            ieee80211_if_add()        |
> > >        |                    |                 |
> > >
> > > Cc: <stable@...r.kernel.org>
> > > Signed-off-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@...aro.org>
> > > ---
> > >
>
> In case we don't have any further comments, could you fix this nitpick
> from Chaitanya while applying or would you like me to respin and send
> v3?
>

Hi Sumit,

when you send out a v3, feel free to add...

   Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>

Thanks.

Regards,
- Sedat -

> -Sumit
>
> > > Changes in v2:
> > > - Move rtnl_unlock() just after ieee80211_init_rate_ctrl_alg().
> > > - Update sequence diagrams in commit message for more clarification.
> > >
> > >  net/mac80211/main.c | 22 +++++++++++++---------
> > >  1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/net/mac80211/main.c b/net/mac80211/main.c
> > > index 4c2b5ba..d497129 100644
> > > --- a/net/mac80211/main.c
> > > +++ b/net/mac80211/main.c
> > > @@ -1051,7 +1051,7 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >                 local->hw.wiphy->signal_type = CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_UNSPEC;
> > >                 if (hw->max_signal <= 0) {
> > >                         result = -EINVAL;
> > > -                       goto fail_wiphy_register;
> > > +                       goto fail_workqueue;
> > >                 }
> > >         }
> > >
> > > @@ -1113,7 +1113,7 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >
> > >         result = ieee80211_init_cipher_suites(local);
> > >         if (result < 0)
> > > -               goto fail_wiphy_register;
> > > +               goto fail_workqueue;
> > >
> > >         if (!local->ops->remain_on_channel)
> > >                 local->hw.wiphy->max_remain_on_channel_duration = 5000;
> > > @@ -1139,10 +1139,6 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >
> > >         local->hw.wiphy->max_num_csa_counters = IEEE80211_MAX_CSA_COUNTERS_NUM;
> > >
> > > -       result = wiphy_register(local->hw.wiphy);
> > > -       if (result < 0)
> > > -               goto fail_wiphy_register;
> > > -
> > >         /*
> > >          * We use the number of queues for feature tests (QoS, HT) internally
> > >          * so restrict them appropriately.
> > > @@ -1207,6 +1203,8 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >                 goto fail_rate;
> > >         }
> > >
> > > +       rtnl_unlock();
> > > +
> > >         if (local->rate_ctrl) {
> > >                 clear_bit(IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_VHT_EXT_NSS_BW, hw->flags);
> > >                 if (local->rate_ctrl->ops->capa & RATE_CTRL_CAPA_VHT_EXT_NSS_BW)
> > > @@ -1254,6 +1252,12 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >                 local->sband_allocated |= BIT(band);
> > >         }
> > >
> > > +       result = wiphy_register(local->hw.wiphy);
> > > +       if (result < 0)
> > > +               goto fail_wiphy_register;
> > > +
> > > +       rtnl_lock();
> > > +
> > >         /* add one default STA interface if supported */
> > >         if (local->hw.wiphy->interface_modes & BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION) &&
> > >             !ieee80211_hw_check(hw, NO_AUTO_VIF)) {
> > > @@ -1293,6 +1297,8 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >  #if defined(CONFIG_INET) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6)
> > >   fail_ifa:
> > >  #endif
> > > +       wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
> > > + fail_wiphy_register:
> > >         rtnl_lock();
> > >         rate_control_deinitialize(local);
> > >         ieee80211_remove_interfaces(local);
> > > @@ -1302,8 +1308,6 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >         ieee80211_led_exit(local);
> > >         destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
> > >   fail_workqueue:
> > > -       wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
> > > - fail_wiphy_register:
> > >         if (local->wiphy_ciphers_allocated)
> > >                 kfree(local->hw.wiphy->cipher_suites);
> > >         kfree(local->int_scan_req);
> > > @@ -1353,8 +1357,8 @@ void ieee80211_unregister_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
> > >         skb_queue_purge(&local->skb_queue_unreliable);
> > >         skb_queue_purge(&local->skb_queue_tdls_chsw);
> > >
> > > -       destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
> > >         wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
> > > +       destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
> > >         ieee80211_led_exit(local);
> > >         kfree(local->int_scan_req);
> > >  }
> > > --
> > > 2.7.4
> > >
> >
> >
> > --
> > Thanks,
> > Regards,
> > Chaitanya T K.

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