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Date:   Mon, 27 Apr 2020 13:12:45 -0700
From:   Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
To:     Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>, <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>, <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v1 09/19] bpf: add PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL support

Add bpf_reg_type PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL support.
For tracing/iter program, the bpf program context
definition, e.g., for previous bpf_map target, looks like
  struct bpf_iter_bpf_map {
    struct bpf_dump_meta *meta;
    struct bpf_map *map;
  };

The kernel guarantees that meta is not NULL, but
map pointer maybe NULL. The NULL map indicates that all
objects have been traversed, so bpf program can take
proper action, e.g., do final aggregation and/or send
final report to user space.

Add btf_id_or_null_non0_off to prog->aux structure, to
indicate that for tracing programs, if the context access
offset is not 0, set to PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL instead of
PTR_TO_BTF_ID. This bit is set for tracing/iter program.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
---
 include/linux/bpf.h   |  2 ++
 kernel/bpf/btf.c      |  5 ++++-
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 19 ++++++++++++++-----
 3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index 601b3299b7e4..d30cf0544ab0 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -320,6 +320,7 @@ enum bpf_reg_type {
 	PTR_TO_TP_BUFFER,	 /* reg points to a writable raw tp's buffer */
 	PTR_TO_XDP_SOCK,	 /* reg points to struct xdp_sock */
 	PTR_TO_BTF_ID,		 /* reg points to kernel struct */
+	PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL,	 /* reg points to kernel struct or NULL */
 };
 
 /* The information passed from prog-specific *_is_valid_access
@@ -658,6 +659,7 @@ struct bpf_prog_aux {
 	bool offload_requested;
 	bool attach_btf_trace; /* true if attaching to BTF-enabled raw tp */
 	bool func_proto_unreliable;
+	bool btf_id_or_null_non0_off;
 	enum bpf_tramp_prog_type trampoline_prog_type;
 	struct bpf_trampoline *trampoline;
 	struct hlist_node tramp_hlist;
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/btf.c b/kernel/bpf/btf.c
index d65c6912bdaf..2c098e6b1acc 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/btf.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/btf.c
@@ -3788,7 +3788,10 @@ bool btf_ctx_access(int off, int size, enum bpf_access_type type,
 		return true;
 
 	/* this is a pointer to another type */
-	info->reg_type = PTR_TO_BTF_ID;
+	if (off != 0 && prog->aux->btf_id_or_null_non0_off)
+		info->reg_type = PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL;
+	else
+		info->reg_type = PTR_TO_BTF_ID;
 
 	if (tgt_prog) {
 		ret = btf_translate_to_vmlinux(log, btf, t, tgt_prog->type, arg);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index fd36c22685d9..21ec85e382ca 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -396,7 +396,8 @@ static bool reg_type_may_be_null(enum bpf_reg_type type)
 	return type == PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL ||
 	       type == PTR_TO_SOCKET_OR_NULL ||
 	       type == PTR_TO_SOCK_COMMON_OR_NULL ||
-	       type == PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL;
+	       type == PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL ||
+	       type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL;
 }
 
 static bool reg_may_point_to_spin_lock(const struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
@@ -410,7 +411,8 @@ static bool reg_type_may_be_refcounted_or_null(enum bpf_reg_type type)
 	return type == PTR_TO_SOCKET ||
 		type == PTR_TO_SOCKET_OR_NULL ||
 		type == PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK ||
-		type == PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL;
+		type == PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL ||
+		type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL;
 }
 
 static bool arg_type_may_be_refcounted(enum bpf_arg_type type)
@@ -462,6 +464,7 @@ static const char * const reg_type_str[] = {
 	[PTR_TO_TP_BUFFER]	= "tp_buffer",
 	[PTR_TO_XDP_SOCK]	= "xdp_sock",
 	[PTR_TO_BTF_ID]		= "ptr_",
+	[PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL]	= "ptr_or_null_",
 };
 
 static char slot_type_char[] = {
@@ -522,7 +525,7 @@ static void print_verifier_state(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
 			/* reg->off should be 0 for SCALAR_VALUE */
 			verbose(env, "%lld", reg->var_off.value + reg->off);
 		} else {
-			if (t == PTR_TO_BTF_ID)
+			if (t == PTR_TO_BTF_ID || t == PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL)
 				verbose(env, "%s", kernel_type_name(reg->btf_id));
 			verbose(env, "(id=%d", reg->id);
 			if (reg_type_may_be_refcounted_or_null(t))
@@ -2118,6 +2121,7 @@ static bool is_spillable_regtype(enum bpf_reg_type type)
 	case PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL:
 	case PTR_TO_XDP_SOCK:
 	case PTR_TO_BTF_ID:
+	case PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL:
 		return true;
 	default:
 		return false;
@@ -2638,7 +2642,7 @@ static int check_ctx_access(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int insn_idx, int off,
 		 */
 		*reg_type = info.reg_type;
 
-		if (*reg_type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID)
+		if (*reg_type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID || *reg_type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL)
 			*btf_id = info.btf_id;
 		else
 			env->insn_aux_data[insn_idx].ctx_field_size = info.ctx_field_size;
@@ -3222,7 +3226,8 @@ static int check_mem_access(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int insn_idx, u32 regn
 				 * a sub-register.
 				 */
 				regs[value_regno].subreg_def = DEF_NOT_SUBREG;
-				if (reg_type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID)
+				if (reg_type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID ||
+				    reg_type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL)
 					regs[value_regno].btf_id = btf_id;
 			}
 			regs[value_regno].type = reg_type;
@@ -6545,6 +6550,8 @@ static void mark_ptr_or_null_reg(struct bpf_func_state *state,
 			reg->type = PTR_TO_SOCK_COMMON;
 		} else if (reg->type == PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL) {
 			reg->type = PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK;
+		} else if (reg->type == PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL) {
+			reg->type = PTR_TO_BTF_ID;
 		}
 		if (is_null) {
 			/* We don't need id and ref_obj_id from this point
@@ -8403,6 +8410,7 @@ static bool reg_type_mismatch_ok(enum bpf_reg_type type)
 	case PTR_TO_TCP_SOCK_OR_NULL:
 	case PTR_TO_XDP_SOCK:
 	case PTR_TO_BTF_ID:
+	case PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL:
 		return false;
 	default:
 		return true;
@@ -10612,6 +10620,7 @@ static int check_attach_btf_id(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 			return -EINVAL;
 		prog->aux->attach_func_name = tname;
 		prog->aux->attach_func_proto = t;
+		prog->aux->btf_id_or_null_non0_off = true;
 		ret = btf_distill_func_proto(&env->log, btf, t,
 					     tname, &fmodel);
 		return ret;
-- 
2.24.1

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