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Date:   Mon, 27 Apr 2020 13:12:52 -0700
From:   Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
To:     Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>, <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>, <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v1 15/19] tools/libbpf: add bpf_iter support

Three new libbpf APIs are added to support bpf_iter:
  - bpf_program__attach_iter
    Given a bpf program and additional parameters, which is
    none now, returns a bpf_link.
  - bpf_link__create_iter
    Given a bpf_link, create a bpf_iter and return a fd
    so user can then do read() to get seq_file output data.
  - bpf_iter_create
    syscall level API to create a bpf iterator.

Two macros, BPF_SEQ_PRINTF0 and BPF_SEQ_PRINTF, are also introduced.
These two macros can help bpf program writers with
nicer bpf_seq_printf syntax similar to the kernel one.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
---
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c         | 11 +++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h         |  2 ++
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h | 23 ++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c      | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h      | 11 +++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map    |  7 +++++
 6 files changed, 114 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
index 5cc1b0785d18..7ffd6c0ad95f 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
@@ -619,6 +619,17 @@ int bpf_link_update(int link_fd, int new_prog_fd,
 	return sys_bpf(BPF_LINK_UPDATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
 }
 
+int bpf_iter_create(int link_fd, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	union bpf_attr attr;
+
+	memset(&attr, 0, sizeof(attr));
+	attr.iter_create.link_fd = link_fd;
+	attr.iter_create.flags = flags;
+
+	return sys_bpf(BPF_ITER_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
 int bpf_prog_query(int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type, __u32 query_flags,
 		   __u32 *attach_flags, __u32 *prog_ids, __u32 *prog_cnt)
 {
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
index 46d47afdd887..db9df303090e 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
@@ -187,6 +187,8 @@ struct bpf_link_update_opts {
 LIBBPF_API int bpf_link_update(int link_fd, int new_prog_fd,
 			       const struct bpf_link_update_opts *opts);
 
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_iter_create(int link_fd, unsigned int flags);
+
 struct bpf_prog_test_run_attr {
 	int prog_fd;
 	int repeat;
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h
index f3f3c3fb98cb..4a6dffaa7e57 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h
@@ -413,4 +413,27 @@ typeof(name(0)) name(struct pt_regs *ctx)				    \
 }									    \
 static __always_inline typeof(name(0)) ____##name(struct pt_regs *ctx, ##args)
 
+/*
+ * BPF_SEQ_PRINTF to wrap bpf_seq_printf to-be-printed values
+ * in a structure. BPF_SEQ_PRINTF0 is a simple wrapper for
+ * bpf_seq_printf().
+ */
+#define BPF_SEQ_PRINTF0(seq, fmt)					\
+	({								\
+		int ret = bpf_seq_printf(seq, fmt, sizeof(fmt),		\
+					 (void *)0, 0);			\
+		ret;							\
+	})
+
+#define BPF_SEQ_PRINTF(seq, fmt, args...)				\
+	({								\
+		_Pragma("GCC diagnostic push")				\
+		_Pragma("GCC diagnostic ignored \"-Wint-conversion\"")	\
+		__u64 param[___bpf_narg(args)] = { args };		\
+		_Pragma("GCC diagnostic pop")				\
+		int ret = bpf_seq_printf(seq, fmt, sizeof(fmt),		\
+					 param, sizeof(param));		\
+		ret;							\
+	})
+
 #endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index 8e1dc6980fac..ffdc4d8e0cc0 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -6366,6 +6366,9 @@ static const struct bpf_sec_def section_defs[] = {
 		.is_attach_btf = true,
 		.expected_attach_type = BPF_LSM_MAC,
 		.attach_fn = attach_lsm),
+	SEC_DEF("iter/", TRACING,
+		.expected_attach_type = BPF_TRACE_ITER,
+		.is_attach_btf = true),
 	BPF_PROG_SEC("xdp",			BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP),
 	BPF_PROG_SEC("perf_event",		BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT),
 	BPF_PROG_SEC("lwt_in",			BPF_PROG_TYPE_LWT_IN),
@@ -6629,6 +6632,7 @@ static int bpf_object__collect_struct_ops_map_reloc(struct bpf_object *obj,
 
 #define BTF_TRACE_PREFIX "btf_trace_"
 #define BTF_LSM_PREFIX "bpf_lsm_"
+#define BTF_ITER_PREFIX "__bpf_iter__"
 #define BTF_MAX_NAME_SIZE 128
 
 static int find_btf_by_prefix_kind(const struct btf *btf, const char *prefix,
@@ -6659,6 +6663,9 @@ static inline int __find_vmlinux_btf_id(struct btf *btf, const char *name,
 	else if (attach_type == BPF_LSM_MAC)
 		err = find_btf_by_prefix_kind(btf, BTF_LSM_PREFIX, name,
 					      BTF_KIND_FUNC);
+	else if (attach_type == BPF_TRACE_ITER)
+		err = find_btf_by_prefix_kind(btf, BTF_ITER_PREFIX, name,
+					      BTF_KIND_FUNC);
 	else
 		err = btf__find_by_name_kind(btf, name, BTF_KIND_FUNC);
 
@@ -7617,6 +7624,59 @@ bpf_program__attach_cgroup(struct bpf_program *prog, int cgroup_fd)
 	return link;
 }
 
+struct bpf_link *
+bpf_program__attach_iter(struct bpf_program *prog,
+			 const struct bpf_iter_attach_opts *opts)
+{
+	enum bpf_attach_type attach_type;
+	char errmsg[STRERR_BUFSIZE];
+	struct bpf_link *link;
+	int prog_fd, link_fd;
+
+	if (!OPTS_VALID(opts, bpf_iter_attach_opts))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	prog_fd = bpf_program__fd(prog);
+	if (prog_fd < 0) {
+		pr_warn("program '%s': can't attach before loaded\n",
+			bpf_program__title(prog, false));
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	link = calloc(1, sizeof(*link));
+	if (!link)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	link->detach = &bpf_link__detach_fd;
+
+	attach_type = bpf_program__get_expected_attach_type(prog);
+	link_fd = bpf_link_create(prog_fd, 0, attach_type, NULL);
+	if (link_fd < 0) {
+		link_fd = -errno;
+		free(link);
+		pr_warn("program '%s': failed to attach to iterator: %s\n",
+			bpf_program__title(prog, false),
+			libbpf_strerror_r(link_fd, errmsg, sizeof(errmsg)));
+		return ERR_PTR(link_fd);
+	}
+	link->fd = link_fd;
+	return link;
+}
+
+int bpf_link__create_iter(struct bpf_link *link, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	char errmsg[STRERR_BUFSIZE];
+	int iter_fd;
+
+	iter_fd = bpf_iter_create(bpf_link__fd(link), flags);
+	if (iter_fd < 0) {
+		iter_fd = -errno;
+		pr_warn("failed to create an iterator: %s\n",
+			libbpf_strerror_r(iter_fd, errmsg, sizeof(errmsg)));
+	}
+
+	return iter_fd;
+}
+
 struct bpf_link *bpf_program__attach(struct bpf_program *prog)
 {
 	const struct bpf_sec_def *sec_def;
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index f1dacecb1619..abe5786fcab3 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -258,6 +258,17 @@ struct bpf_map;
 
 LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *bpf_map__attach_struct_ops(struct bpf_map *map);
 
+struct bpf_iter_attach_opts {
+	size_t sz; /* size of this struct for forward/backward compatibility */
+};
+#define bpf_iter_attach_opts__last_field sz
+
+LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *
+bpf_program__attach_iter(struct bpf_program *prog,
+			 const struct bpf_iter_attach_opts *opts);
+LIBBPF_API int
+bpf_link__create_iter(struct bpf_link *link, unsigned int flags);
+
 struct bpf_insn;
 
 /*
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index bb8831605b25..1cea36f9f2e2 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -254,3 +254,10 @@ LIBBPF_0.0.8 {
 		bpf_program__set_lsm;
 		bpf_set_link_xdp_fd_opts;
 } LIBBPF_0.0.7;
+
+LIBBPF_0.0.9 {
+	global:
+		bpf_link__create_iter;
+		bpf_program__attach_iter;
+		bpf_iter_create;
+} LIBBPF_0.0.8;
-- 
2.24.1

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