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Date:   Thu, 7 May 2020 14:01:33 -0500
From:   "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
To:     "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] net: atarilance: Replace zero-length array with
 flexible-array

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

sizeof(flexible-array-member) triggers a warning because flexible array
members have incomplete type[1]. There are some instances of code in
which the sizeof operator is being incorrectly/erroneously applied to
zero-length arrays and the result is zero. Such instances may be hiding
some bugs. So, this work (flexible-array member conversions) will also
help to get completely rid of those sorts of issues.

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
---
 drivers/net/ethernet/amd/atarilance.c |    2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/amd/atarilance.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/amd/atarilance.c
index 4e36122609a3..961796abab35 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/amd/atarilance.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/amd/atarilance.c
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ struct lance_memory {
 	struct lance_init_block	init;
 	struct lance_tx_head	tx_head[TX_RING_SIZE];
 	struct lance_rx_head	rx_head[RX_RING_SIZE];
-	char					packet_area[0];	/* packet data follow after the
+	char					packet_area[];	/* packet data follow after the
 											 * init block and the ring
 											 * descriptors and are located
 											 * at runtime */

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