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Date:   Sat, 9 May 2020 11:18:29 -0400
From:   Rafael Aquini <aquini@...hat.com>
To:     Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@...nel.org>
Cc:     jeyu@...nel.org, akpm@...ux-foundation.org, arnd@...db.de,
        rostedt@...dmis.org, mingo@...hat.com, cai@....pw,
        dyoung@...hat.com, bhe@...hat.com, peterz@...radead.org,
        tglx@...utronix.de, gpiccoli@...onical.com, pmladek@...e.com,
        tiwai@...e.de, schlad@...e.de, andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com,
        keescook@...omium.org, daniel.vetter@...ll.ch, will@...nel.org,
        mchehab+samsung@...nel.org, kvalo@...eaurora.org,
        davem@...emloft.net, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 01/15] taint: add module firmware crash taint support

On Sat, May 09, 2020 at 04:35:38AM +0000, Luis Chamberlain wrote:
> Device driver firmware can crash, and sometimes, this can leave your
> system in a state which makes the device or subsystem completely
> useless. Detecting this by inspecting /proc/sys/kernel/tainted instead
> of scraping some magical words from the kernel log, which is driver
> specific, is much easier. So instead provide a helper which lets drivers
> annotate this.
> 
> Once this happens, scrapers can easily look for modules taint flags
> for a firmware crash. This will taint both the kernel and respective
> calling module.
> 
> The new helper module_firmware_crashed() uses LOCKDEP_STILL_OK as this
> fact should in no way shape or form affect lockdep. This taint is device
> driver specific.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@...nel.org>
> ---
>  include/linux/kernel.h        |  3 ++-
>  include/linux/module.h        | 13 +++++++++++++
>  include/trace/events/module.h |  3 ++-
>  kernel/module.c               |  5 +++--
>  kernel/panic.c                |  1 +
>  5 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
> index 04a5885cec1b..19e1541c82c7 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kernel.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
> @@ -601,7 +601,8 @@ extern enum system_states {
>  #define TAINT_LIVEPATCH			15
>  #define TAINT_AUX			16
>  #define TAINT_RANDSTRUCT		17
> -#define TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT		18
> +#define TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH		18
> +#define TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT		19
>

We are still missing the documentation bits for this
new flag, though.

How about having a blurb similar to:

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst
index 71e9184a9079..5c6a9e2478b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/tainted-kernels.rst
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ Bit  Log  Number  Reason that got the kernel tainted
  15  _/K   32768  kernel has been live patched
  16  _/X   65536  auxiliary taint, defined for and used by distros
  17  _/T  131072  kernel was built with the struct randomization plugin
+ 18  _/Q  262144  driver firmware crash annotation
 ===  ===  ======  ========================================================

 Note: The character ``_`` is representing a blank in this table to make reading
@@ -162,3 +163,7 @@ More detailed explanation for tainting
      produce extremely unusual kernel structure layouts (even performance
      pathological ones), which is important to know when debugging. Set at
      build time.
+
+ 18) ``Q`` Device drivers might annotate the kernel with this taint, in cases
+     their firmware might have crashed leaving the driver in a crippled and
+     potentially useless state.




>  struct taint_flag {
>  	char c_true;	/* character printed when tainted */
> diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
> index 2c2e988bcf10..221200078180 100644
> --- a/include/linux/module.h
> +++ b/include/linux/module.h
> @@ -697,6 +697,14 @@ static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod)
>  bool is_module_sig_enforced(void);
>  void set_module_sig_enforced(void);
>  
> +void add_taint_module(struct module *mod, unsigned flag,
> +		      enum lockdep_ok lockdep_ok);
> +
> +static inline void module_firmware_crashed(void)
> +{
> +	add_taint_module(THIS_MODULE, TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
> +}
> +
>  #else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */
>  
>  static inline struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr)
> @@ -844,6 +852,11 @@ void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr)
>  	return ptr;
>  }
>  
> +static inline void module_firmware_crashed(void)
> +{
> +	add_taint(TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
> +}
> +
>  #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
> diff --git a/include/trace/events/module.h b/include/trace/events/module.h
> index 097485c73c01..b749ea25affd 100644
> --- a/include/trace/events/module.h
> +++ b/include/trace/events/module.h
> @@ -26,7 +26,8 @@ struct module;
>  	{ (1UL << TAINT_OOT_MODULE),		"O" },		\
>  	{ (1UL << TAINT_FORCED_MODULE),		"F" },		\
>  	{ (1UL << TAINT_CRAP),			"C" },		\
> -	{ (1UL << TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE),	"E" })
> +	{ (1UL << TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE),	"E" },		\
> +	{ (1UL << TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH),	"Q" })
>  
>  TRACE_EVENT(module_load,
>  
> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
> index 80faaf2116dd..f98e8c25c6b4 100644
> --- a/kernel/module.c
> +++ b/kernel/module.c
> @@ -325,12 +325,13 @@ static inline int strong_try_module_get(struct module *mod)
>  		return -ENOENT;
>  }
>  
> -static inline void add_taint_module(struct module *mod, unsigned flag,
> -				    enum lockdep_ok lockdep_ok)
> +void add_taint_module(struct module *mod, unsigned flag,
> +		      enum lockdep_ok lockdep_ok)
>  {
>  	add_taint(flag, lockdep_ok);
>  	set_bit(flag, &mod->taints);
>  }
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_taint_module);
>  
>  /*
>   * A thread that wants to hold a reference to a module only while it
> diff --git a/kernel/panic.c b/kernel/panic.c
> index ec6d7d788ce7..504fb926947e 100644
> --- a/kernel/panic.c
> +++ b/kernel/panic.c
> @@ -384,6 +384,7 @@ const struct taint_flag taint_flags[TAINT_FLAGS_COUNT] = {
>  	[ TAINT_LIVEPATCH ]		= { 'K', ' ', true },
>  	[ TAINT_AUX ]			= { 'X', ' ', true },
>  	[ TAINT_RANDSTRUCT ]		= { 'T', ' ', true },
> +	[ TAINT_FIRMWARE_CRASH ]	= { 'Q', ' ', true },
>  };
>  
>  /**
> -- 
> 2.25.1
> 

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