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Date:   Tue, 12 May 2020 06:56:44 +0100
From:   Alan Maguire <alan.maguire@...cle.com>
To:     ast@...nel.org, daniel@...earbox.net, bpf@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     joe@...ches.com, linux@...musvillemoes.dk, arnaldo.melo@...il.com,
        yhs@...com, kafai@...com, songliubraving@...com, andriin@...com,
        john.fastabend@...il.com, kpsingh@...omium.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        Alan Maguire <alan.maguire@...cle.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 bpf-next 6/7] bpf: add support for %pT format specifier for bpf_trace_printk() helper

Allow %pT[cNx0] format specifier for BTF-based display of data associated
with pointer.

Signed-off-by: Alan Maguire <alan.maguire@...cle.com>
---
 include/uapi/linux/bpf.h       | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c       | 21 ++++++++++++++++++---
 tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 3 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 9d1932e..ab3c86c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -695,7 +695,12 @@ struct bpf_stack_build_id {
  * 		to file *\/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace* from DebugFS, if
  * 		available. It can take up to three additional **u64**
  * 		arguments (as an eBPF helpers, the total number of arguments is
- * 		limited to five).
+ *		limited to five), and also supports %pT (BTF-based type
+ *		printing), as long as BPF_READ lockdown is not active.
+ *		"%pT" takes a "struct __btf_ptr *" as an argument; it
+ *		consists of a pointer value and specified BTF type string or id
+ *		used to select the type for display.  For more details, see
+ *		Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst.
  *
  * 		Each time the helper is called, it appends a line to the trace.
  * 		Lines are discarded while *\/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace* is
@@ -731,10 +736,10 @@ struct bpf_stack_build_id {
  * 		The conversion specifiers supported by *fmt* are similar, but
  * 		more limited than for printk(). They are **%d**, **%i**,
  * 		**%u**, **%x**, **%ld**, **%li**, **%lu**, **%lx**, **%lld**,
- * 		**%lli**, **%llu**, **%llx**, **%p**, **%s**. No modifier (size
- * 		of field, padding with zeroes, etc.) is available, and the
- * 		helper will return **-EINVAL** (but print nothing) if it
- * 		encounters an unknown specifier.
+ *		**%lli**, **%llu**, **%llx**, **%p**, **%pT[cNx0], **%s**.
+ *		Only %pT supports modifiers, and the helper will return
+ *		**-EINVAL** (but print nothing) if it encouters an unknown
+ *		specifier.
  *
  * 		Also, note that **bpf_trace_printk**\ () is slow, and should
  * 		only be used for debugging purposes. For this reason, a notice
@@ -4058,4 +4063,16 @@ struct bpf_pidns_info {
 	__u32 pid;
 	__u32 tgid;
 };
+
+/*
+ * struct __btf_ptr is used for %pT (typed pointer) display; the
+ * additional type string/BTF id are used to render the pointer
+ * data as the appropriate type.
+ */
+struct __btf_ptr {
+	void *ptr;
+	const char *type;
+	__u32 id;
+};
+
 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__ */
diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index d961428..c032c58 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -321,9 +321,12 @@ static const struct bpf_func_proto *bpf_get_probe_write_proto(void)
 	return &bpf_probe_write_user_proto;
 }
 
+#define isbtffmt(c)	\
+	(c == 'T' || c == 'c' || c == 'N' || c == 'x' || c == '0')
+
 /*
  * Only limited trace_printk() conversion specifiers allowed:
- * %d %i %u %x %ld %li %lu %lx %lld %lli %llu %llx %p %s
+ * %d %i %u %x %ld %li %lu %lx %lld %lli %llu %llx %p %pT %s
  */
 BPF_CALL_5(bpf_trace_printk, char *, fmt, u32, fmt_size, u64, arg1,
 	   u64, arg2, u64, arg3)
@@ -361,8 +364,20 @@ static const struct bpf_func_proto *bpf_get_probe_write_proto(void)
 			i++;
 		} else if (fmt[i] == 'p' || fmt[i] == 's') {
 			mod[fmt_cnt]++;
-			/* disallow any further format extensions */
-			if (fmt[i + 1] != 0 &&
+			/*
+			 * allow BTF type-based printing, and disallow any
+			 * further format extensions.
+			 */
+			if (fmt[i] == 'p' && fmt[i + 1] == 'T') {
+				int ret;
+
+				ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_BPF_READ);
+				if (unlikely(ret < 0))
+					return ret;
+				i++;
+				while (isbtffmt(fmt[i]))
+					i++;
+			} else if (fmt[i + 1] != 0 &&
 			    !isspace(fmt[i + 1]) &&
 			    !ispunct(fmt[i + 1]))
 				return -EINVAL;
diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 9d1932e..ab3c86c 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -695,7 +695,12 @@ struct bpf_stack_build_id {
  * 		to file *\/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace* from DebugFS, if
  * 		available. It can take up to three additional **u64**
  * 		arguments (as an eBPF helpers, the total number of arguments is
- * 		limited to five).
+ *		limited to five), and also supports %pT (BTF-based type
+ *		printing), as long as BPF_READ lockdown is not active.
+ *		"%pT" takes a "struct __btf_ptr *" as an argument; it
+ *		consists of a pointer value and specified BTF type string or id
+ *		used to select the type for display.  For more details, see
+ *		Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst.
  *
  * 		Each time the helper is called, it appends a line to the trace.
  * 		Lines are discarded while *\/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace* is
@@ -731,10 +736,10 @@ struct bpf_stack_build_id {
  * 		The conversion specifiers supported by *fmt* are similar, but
  * 		more limited than for printk(). They are **%d**, **%i**,
  * 		**%u**, **%x**, **%ld**, **%li**, **%lu**, **%lx**, **%lld**,
- * 		**%lli**, **%llu**, **%llx**, **%p**, **%s**. No modifier (size
- * 		of field, padding with zeroes, etc.) is available, and the
- * 		helper will return **-EINVAL** (but print nothing) if it
- * 		encounters an unknown specifier.
+ *		**%lli**, **%llu**, **%llx**, **%p**, **%pT[cNx0], **%s**.
+ *		Only %pT supports modifiers, and the helper will return
+ *		**-EINVAL** (but print nothing) if it encouters an unknown
+ *		specifier.
  *
  * 		Also, note that **bpf_trace_printk**\ () is slow, and should
  * 		only be used for debugging purposes. For this reason, a notice
@@ -4058,4 +4063,16 @@ struct bpf_pidns_info {
 	__u32 pid;
 	__u32 tgid;
 };
+
+/*
+ * struct __btf_ptr is used for %pT (typed pointer) display; the
+ * additional type string/BTF id are used to render the pointer
+ * data as the appropriate type.
+ */
+struct __btf_ptr {
+	void *ptr;
+	const char *type;
+	__u32 id;
+};
+
 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__ */
-- 
1.8.3.1

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