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Date:   Wed, 13 May 2020 08:27:31 -0400
From:   Murali Karicheri <>
To:     <>, <>, <>,
        <>, <>,
        <>, <>
Subject: Re: [net-next RFC PATCH 00/13] net: hsr: Add PRP driver

Hello netdev experts,

On 5/6/20 12:30 PM, Murali Karicheri wrote:
> This RFC series add support for Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP)
> as defined in IEC-62439-3 in the kernel networking subsystem. PRP
> Uses a Redundancy Control Trailer (RCT) the format of which is
> similar to HSR Tag. This is used for implementing redundancy.
> RCT consists of 6 bytes similar to HSR tag and contain following
> fields:-
> - 16-bit sequence number (SeqNr);
> - 4-bit LAN identifier (LanId);
> - 12 bit frame size (LSDUsize);
> - 16-bit suffix (PRPsuffix).
> The PRPsuffix identifies PRP frames and distinguishes PRP frames
> from other protocols that also append a trailer to their useful
> data. The LSDUsize field allows the receiver to distinguish PRP
> frames from random, nonredundant frames as an additional check.
> LSDUsize is the size of the Ethernet payload inclusive of the
> RCT. Sequence number along with LanId is used for duplicate
> detection and discard.
> PRP node is also known as Dual Attached Node (DAN-P) since it
> is typically attached to two different LAN for redundancy.
> DAN-P duplicates each of L2 frames and send it over the two
> Ethernet links. Each outgoing frame is appended with RCT.
> Unlike HSR, these are added to the end of L2 frame and may be
> treated as padding by bridges and therefore would be work with
> traditional bridges or switches, where as HSR wouldn't as Tag
> is prefixed to the Ethenet frame. At the remote end, these are
> received and the duplicate frame is discarded before the stripped
> frame is send up the networking stack. Like HSR, PRP also sends
> periodic Supervision frames to the network. These frames are
> received and MAC address from the SV frames are populated in a
> database called Node Table. The above functions are grouped into
> a block called Link Redundancy Entity (LRE) in the IEC spec.
> As there are many similarities between HSR and PRP protocols,
> this patch re-use the code from HSR driver to implement PRP
> driver. As many part of the code can be re-used, this patch
> introduces a new common API definitions for both protocols and
> propose to obsolete the existing HSR defines in
> include/uapi/linux/if_link.h. New definitions are prefixed
> with a HSR_PRP prefix. Similarly include/uapi/linux/hsr_netlink.h
> is proposed to be replaced with include/uapi/linux/hsr_prp_netlink.h
> which also uses the HSR_PRP prefix. The netlink socket interface
> code is migrated (as well as the iproute2 being sent as a follow up
> patch) to use the new API definitions. To re-use the code,
> following are done as a preparatory patch before adding the PRP
> functionality:-
>    - prefix all common code with hsr_prp
>    - net/hsr -> renamed to net/hsr-prp
>    - All common struct types, constants, functions renamed with
>      hsr{HSR}_prp{PRP} prefix.
> Please review this and provide me feedback so that I can work to
> incorporate them and send a formal patch series for this. As this
> series impacts user space, I am not sure if this is the right
> approach to introduce a new definitions and obsolete the old
> API definitions for HSR. The current approach is choosen
> to avoid redundant code in iproute2 and in the netlink driver
> code (hsr_netlink.c). Other approach we discussed internally was
> to Keep the HSR prefix in the user space and kernel code, but
> live with the redundant code in the iproute2 and hsr netlink
> code. Would like to hear from you what is the best way to add
> this feature to networking core. If there is any other
> alternative approach possible, I would like to hear about the
> same.
> The patch was tested using two TI AM57x IDK boards which are
> connected back to back over two CPSW ports.
> Script used for creating the hsr/prp interface is given below
> and uses the ip link command. Also provided logs from the tests
> I have executed for your reference.
> iproute2 related patches will follow soon....
Could someone please review this and provide some feedback to take
this forward?

Thanks and regards,
> Murali Karicheri
> Texas Instruments


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