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Date:   Wed, 13 May 2020 15:23:02 -0600
From:   David Ahern <>
To:     Lorenz Bauer <>, bpf <>,
        Networking <>,
        Martynas Pumputis <>,
        kernel-team <>
Subject: Re: "Forwarding" from TC classifier

On 5/13/20 10:40 AM, Lorenz Bauer wrote:
> Really, I'd like to get rid of step 1, and instead rely on the network
> stack to switch or route
> the packet for me. The bpf_fib_lookup helper is very close to what I need. I've
> hacked around a bit, and come up with the following replacement for step 1:
>     switch (bpf_fib_lookup(skb, &fib, sizeof(fib), 0)) {
>         /* There is a cached neighbour, bpf_redirect without going
> through the stack. */
>         return bpf_redirect(...);

BTW, as shown in samples/bpf/xdp_fwd_kern.c, you have a bit more work to
do for proper L3 forwarding:

        if (rc == BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_SUCCESS) {
                if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_IP))
                else if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_IPV6))

                memcpy(eth->h_dest, fib_params.dmac, ETH_ALEN);
                memcpy(eth->h_source, fib_params.smac, ETH_ALEN);
                return bpf_redirect_map(&xdp_tx_ports,
fib_params.ifindex, 0);

The ttl / hoplimit decrements assumed you checked it earlier to be > 1

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