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Date:   Thu, 14 May 2020 15:32:29 -0700
From:   Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>
To:     Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>
Cc:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>, Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        David Miller <davem@...hat.com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        Jesper Dangaard Brouer <hawk@...nel.org>,
        Wenbo Zhang <ethercflow@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...omium.org>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>,
        Brendan Gregg <bgregg@...flix.com>,
        Florent Revest <revest@...omium.org>,
        Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/9] bpf: Allow nested BTF object to be refferenced by BTF
 object + offset

On Wed, May 6, 2020 at 6:31 AM Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org> wrote:
>
> Adding btf_struct_address function that takes 2 BTF objects
> and offset as arguments and checks wether object A is nested
> in object B on given offset.
>
> This function is be used when checking the helper function
> PTR_TO_BTF_ID arguments. If the argument has an offset value,
> the btf_struct_address will check if the final address is
> the expected BTF ID.
>
> This way we can access nested BTF objects under PTR_TO_BTF_ID
> pointer type and pass them to helpers, while they still point
> to valid kernel BTF objects.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>
> ---
>  include/linux/bpf.h   |  3 ++
>  kernel/bpf/btf.c      | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 32 +++++++++++++-------
>  3 files changed, 94 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
> index 1262ec460ab3..bc589cdd8c34 100644
> --- a/include/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -1213,6 +1213,9 @@ int btf_struct_access(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
>                       const struct btf_type *t, int off, int size,
>                       enum bpf_access_type atype,
>                       u32 *next_btf_id);
> +int btf_struct_address(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
> +                    const struct btf_type *t,
> +                    u32 off, u32 exp_id);
>  int btf_resolve_helper_id(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
>                           const struct bpf_func_proto *fn, int);
>
> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/btf.c b/kernel/bpf/btf.c
> index a2cfba89a8e1..07f22469acab 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/btf.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/btf.c
> @@ -4004,6 +4004,75 @@ int btf_struct_access(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
>         return -EINVAL;
>  }
>
> +int btf_struct_address(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
> +                      const struct btf_type *t,
> +                      u32 off, u32 exp_id)

The logic in this function is quite tricky and overlaps heavily with
btf_struct_access. You are already missing flexible array support that
Yonghong added recently. Let's see if it's possible to extract all
this "find field in a struct by offset" logic into reusable function?

> +{
> +       u32 i, moff, mtrue_end, msize = 0;
> +       const struct btf_member *member;
> +       const struct btf_type *mtype;
> +       const char *tname, *mname;
> +
> +again:
> +       tname = __btf_name_by_offset(btf_vmlinux, t->name_off);
> +       if (!btf_type_is_struct(t)) {
> +               bpf_log(log, "Type '%s' is not a struct\n", tname);
> +               return -EINVAL;
> +       }
> +
> +       if (off > t->size) {

>=, actually?

> +               bpf_log(log, "address beyond struct %s at off %u size %u\n",
> +                       tname, off, t->size);
> +               return -EACCES;
> +       }
> +

[...]

> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> index 70ad009577f8..b988df5ada20 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> @@ -3665,6 +3665,7 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
>  {
>         struct bpf_reg_state *regs = cur_regs(env), *reg = &regs[regno];
>         enum bpf_reg_type expected_type, type = reg->type;
> +       const struct btf_type *btf_type;
>         int err = 0;
>
>         if (arg_type == ARG_DONTCARE)
> @@ -3743,17 +3744,28 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
>                 expected_type = PTR_TO_BTF_ID;
>                 if (type != expected_type)
>                         goto err_type;
> -               if (reg->btf_id != meta->btf_id) {
> -                       verbose(env, "Helper has type %s got %s in R%d\n",
> -                               kernel_type_name(meta->btf_id),
> -                               kernel_type_name(reg->btf_id), regno);
> +               if (reg->off) {

well, off==0 can still point to (arbitrarily) nested structs that are
first member of outer struct... So I guess it would be better to
search for inner struct if btf_id is unexpected regardless of off
value?

> +                       btf_type = btf_type_by_id(btf_vmlinux, reg->btf_id);
> +                       if (btf_struct_address(&env->log, btf_type, reg->off, meta->btf_id)) {
> +                               verbose(env, "Helper has type %s got %s in R%d, off %d\n",
> +                                       kernel_type_name(meta->btf_id),
> +                                       kernel_type_name(reg->btf_id), regno, reg->off);
>
> -                       return -EACCES;
> -               }
> -               if (!tnum_is_const(reg->var_off) || reg->var_off.value || reg->off) {
> -                       verbose(env, "R%d is a pointer to in-kernel struct with non-zero offset\n",
> -                               regno);
> -                       return -EACCES;
> +                               return -EACCES;
> +                       }
> +               } else {
> +                       if (reg->btf_id != meta->btf_id) {
> +                               verbose(env, "Helper has type %s got %s in R%d\n",
> +                                       kernel_type_name(meta->btf_id),
> +                                       kernel_type_name(reg->btf_id), regno);
> +
> +                               return -EACCES;
> +                       }
> +                       if (!tnum_is_const(reg->var_off) || reg->var_off.value) {
> +                               verbose(env, "R%d is a pointer to in-kernel struct with non-zero offset\n",
> +                                       regno);
> +                               return -EACCES;
> +                       }
>                 }
>         } else if (arg_type == ARG_PTR_TO_SPIN_LOCK) {
>                 if (meta->func_id == BPF_FUNC_spin_lock) {
> --
> 2.25.4
>

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