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Date:   Mon, 18 May 2020 12:23:10 +0100
From:   Alan Maguire <>
        Alan Maguire <>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next] selftests/bpf: add general instructions for test execution

Getting a clean BPF selftests run involves ensuring latest trunk LLVM/clang
are used, pahole is recent (>=1.16) and config matches the specified
config file as closely as possible.  Document all of this in the general
README.rst file.  Also note how to work around timeout failures.

Signed-off-by: Alan Maguire <>
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/README.rst | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 46 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/README.rst b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/README.rst
index 0f67f1b..b00eebb 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/README.rst
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/README.rst
@@ -1,6 +1,52 @@
 BPF Selftest Notes
+First verify the built kernel config options match the config options
+specified in the config file in this directory.  Test failures for
+unknown helpers, inability to find BTF etc will be observed otherwise.
+To ensure the maximum number of tests pass, it is best to use the latest
+trunk LLVM/clang, i.e.
+git clone
+Build/install trunk LLVM:
+.. code-block:: bash
+  git clone
+  cd llvm-project
+  mkdir build/llvm
+  cd build/llvm
+  cmake ../../llvm/
+  make
+  sudo make install
+  cd ../../
+Build/install trunk clang:
+.. code-block:: bash
+  mkdir -p build/clang
+  cd build/clang
+  cmake ../../clang
+  make
+  sudo make install
+When building the kernel with CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF, pahole
+version 16 or later is also required for BTF function
+support. pahole can be built from the source at
+It is often available in "dwarves/libdwarves" packages also,
+but be aware that versions prior to 1.16 will fail with
+errors that functions cannot be found in BTF.
+When running selftests, the default timeout of 45 seconds
+can be exceeded by some tests.  We can override the default
+timeout via a "settings" file; for example:
+.. code-block:: bash
+  echo "timeout=120" > tools/testing/selftests/bpf/settings
 Additional information about selftest failures are
 documented here.

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